Summary: The post highlights the methods to recover JPEG files using built-in methods as well as a third party tool and describes the error message that appears if a JPEG file gets damaged or corrupted on various photo viewing and editing tools.
What Causes Corruption in JPEG Files?
A number of issues can cause corruption in JPEG files. In several cases, you might be able to access the image, but it may be blurred, garbled by lines and colors, scrambled pixels, displays gray area, etc. When you attempt to open an image that has become corrupt, an error message gets displayed on the screen. In worst cases, the image will not open or reports an error instead.
Various error messages that are generated by different applications are:
- “No Preview Available” generated by Windows Explorer
- “Could not complete your request because an unknown or invalid JPEG marker type is found” generated by Photoshop
- “This document may be damaged (the file may be truncated or incomplete)” generated by Photoshop
- “Drawing Failed” generated by Windows Picture and Fax Viewer
- “Can't read file header! Unknown file format or file not found!” generated by IrfanView
How to Prevent JPEG Corruption?
An incredible way to retain life’s most cherished moments and memories are to secure your priceless photos. And, this calls for a good storage medium. As a matter of fact, irrespective of how protective the storage device is, the data is always at risk. And, in case such a situation occurs, there's no need to despair. There are several programs available that can assist in repairing your inaccessible JPEG images. Some of them are integrated within the system and can be applied to gain access to JPEG files.
Step 1: Renaming Your JPEG File
Follow the steps below to rename your JPEG file:
- Open Windows Explorer by pressing ‘Windows+E’ key combination Step
- Locate the path where the corrupted or inaccessible JPEG is stored on the system Step
- Right click on the JPEG icon and select Rename from options that appear Step
- Next, rename the file and then select Enter to save modifications Step
- Double-click on the JPEG file to open it using the default program. Alternatively, right-click on the image file and then select Open with and select the desired program to access the renamed JPEG file
Step 2: Open Image With Paint
Follow the steps below to view your image using Microsoft Paint:
- Press the Windows key which will open the Start screen
- Type MS Paint in the search box and click on the application to open
- When the Paint window opens, click on the File menu and then click on Open
- Browse through the location where the corrupted JPEG is stored on the system
- Select the image and click the Open button. If the image opens up appropriately in the Paint window, then there is a possibility that the image is not damaged
- Save the file on the system at the desired location and then open it using another program
Step 3: Recovery Application
Repair tools are integrated with advanced features that help you to gain access to your damaged or corrupt JPEG files. All integrated attributes remain intact during the repair process. Moreover, the resolution of the JPEG files is not compromised. These tools work by advanced recovery standards and delivers output as expected.
Stellar Phoenix JPEG Repair software works towards repairing damaged or corrupt JPEG image files without modifying the original format. Listed below are steps that you need to follow:
- Launch the tool. Once launched, the main interface will indicate you to add the JPEG file to the tool’s panel
- The selected image files will be enlisted in the window. Select the file by checking the box
- You can check the Select All option if you need to repair all the files displayed in the tool window
- After selecting the files, click on the Repair button
- The tool will generate the preview once the files are repaired
- Click on Save button to save the repaired file
This powerful utility also offers other additional features unlike the manual methods of recovery:
- Extracts Image thumbnails
- Restores damaged or broken headers
- Recovers zeroed signature files
- Repairs JPEG invalid file structure
Here are tips to prevent your JPEG images from getting damaged or becoming corrupt:
- While copying JPEG images from the memory card or any other device, do not interrupt while the image upload or download operation is in process
- Always remove the external media by selecting Safely Remove Hardware option from the taskbar as removing the media may otherwise cause corruption
- Limit additional operations on the system while CD or DVD burn is in process
- Do not interrupt, while the image transfer operation from any external media to hard drive is running
- While saving any multimedia files on the system, always ensure that there is enough memory space available on the drive. This is because images and videos take more space in comparison to other data files
- Always use antivirus application to keep the system bug free and prevent loss of JPEG files and other data