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Step 6: Fill and seal the cell

seal the cell and fill it with a solution of baking soda (or cooking salt) and water
<p>I built my own Solar Panel following this excellent guide I found <a href="http://the-natural-treatment.com/Solarpanel.php" rel="nofollow">HERE</a>.</p>
how much volts and wats we got from this cell?
how much cost sir?<br>
Do the solar panels lasts forever?
<p>Check out the instructional videos and books <a href="http://seenontvstores.com/solar-panel" rel="nofollow">in this website</a> to learn more about the benefits of DIY solar, as well as how to set up your own panels at home.</p>
<p> a big cooper plate can make more voltage</p>
What if i use an aluminum does it work
What if i use a aluminum sheet instead of a copper sheet
<p>I made my solar panels with INPLIX plans. Just gooogle for inplix</p>
<p>Just though it was interesting that by your numbers (58 microamps and 0.1 volts) you would need 1,000,000 cells (rounding down) to power one 60w light bulb, which is about 50,000 square meters (assuming 4x2 inches) as opposed to typical photovoltaics which using the same area would produce about 12,000,000 watts peak.</p>
<p>Hi just wondering which piece of copper acts as the anode and which the cathode, and why is the saltwater needed? what is its function.</p>
<p>This is NOT how normal solar cells work, this device is based upon both the sunlight, and, the chemical reaction that a battery uses since there is an electrolyte added to the flow between the plates, which is exactly how a battery works, not a solar cell. Salt water or sodium bicarbonate and water create an acidified electrolyte that makes the water more conductive and it allows the electrons to flow through the water between the plates like a battery does, not a solar cell.. Solar cells are dry and do not have an aqueous solution in them, however, they operate by making a voltage with a combination of photons from light . The photons flow through the conductive glass plate to the next layer which is titanium dioxide, which then the photons excite the titanium dioxide and force an electron to be released from the titanium dioxide molecule, transferring the electon to the conductive glass to the electrode (wiring) creating a current flow to do work. The current flows from the titanium dioxide layer through the conductive layer of the glass and flows to the load, where the work is done, then, it flows back to the other side of the glass (the bottom layer), through the conductive layer where it returns back to the cell into a catalyst layer (middle layer) which is a type of electrolyte, and, it interacts with what's called the Tri-iodide molecule where the electron attaches itself to change the molecular structure to an iodide ion, where it is attracted to the titanium dioxide or &quot;die molecule&quot;, reattaching itself back to it's original die molecule's inactivated state, waiting for another photon to react with the &quot;die&quot; molecule to excite it and start the process of electron flow all over again. By the way, the cell made here in this instructable does react with photons to release an electron, however, when the electron flows, it starts one of two things, it starts a galvanic reaction where it has an anode and a cathode like the battery does. The copper and the oxide in the plate in this instructable have an oxidation preformed on one side which starts a (chemical) galvanic reaction at the anode, where additional oxidation occurs, it loses electrons and acts as the reducing agent for the cathode. The process is similar, however, it is a repeated action without the oxidation process happening in the solar cell, but, the process that this instructable has is both chemical and thermal, . The heat, chemical reaction, and similarity of metals in this instructable are actually cancelling out what normally creates the 4 volts per cell, from the dissimilarity of metals in the solar cell which creates the (difference in potential between the metals) because the oxides are not dissimilar enough as the acids in the electrolyte are making more and more oxides which are just more and more conductive, making the electron flow slow down because the electrolyte is becoming too conductive. This is a solar battery that is allowing the flow and chemical reaction to short out the plates, not giving enough energy to take the electron and bring it back as an inactivated state again, and only give enough by way of chemical action, however, the heat from the sun is only increasing the flow of electrons by increasing the molecule size, exciting it in one way, but, decreasing it's voltage output due to the similarity in metals instead of increasing by the dissimilarity of them. If the cell made here had maybe an aluminum cathode, or a graphite cathode, the system would most likely function much better, becoming much more active with the heat to make a much more reactive galvnic (battery charge output) however, photons don't seem to be functioning in this cell as in a real solar cell due to the fact that the copper reactions are NOT photon reactive like titanium dioxide and oppositely reactive when the current or electrons return to the copper plate, it's merely the heat and acid creating galvanic reaction, and, a minimal flow of electrons. Please do not put sparks or a flame next to one of these cells made from this instructable, it is bound to create obnoxious flammable or explosive gases, maybe even hydrogen which would not be nice if ignited.</p>
<p>WHAT IS COPPER FLASHING? HOW THICK MUST IT BE? HOW LONG? HOW WIDE? i CANNOT UNDERSTAND THE DIAGRAM IN SPANISH WHICH INDICATES PRESUMABLY A NEGATIVE AND POSITIVE, NOT CAN I ESTABLISH THE PURPOSE OF THE SMALL STRIP OF COPPER. HELP ME, I'M TECHNICALLY AN IDIOT BUT DESPERATELY NEED TO BUILD THIS CELL.</p>
If you want to know any thing about solar cells / solar panel call me on whatsapp contact #03335110597
<p>i wants to self make a solar panel so can u help me ? </p>
Yeah sure what do you want to know?
sir can i make many of this solar panel and then connect them to each other like a battery? ,, and if i can how many of this solar panel should i make for me to be able to power a small light bulb used for toys?
You need 22 cells to light a small toy bulb connect all cells in series
<p>I BELIEVE I CAN HELP YOU A BIT, SOLAR CELLS ALL ARE .1/2 VOLT, THE SIZE OF THE CELL DETERMINES THE AMPERAGE. LETS SAY YOU WANT TO BUILD A 12V SOLAR PANEL CHARGER, YOU WILL NEED 27 CELLS WHICH WOULD EQUAL ABOUT 13.5 VOLTS, YOU NEED 1 VOLT AND A HALF MORE TO CHARGE. I BUILT ONE MANY YEARS AGO HOOKED IT UP TO A BOOM BOX AND IT PLAYED AS IF IT HAD BATTERIES, ONLY SUNLIGHT WAS USED. SHOULD YOU BUILD ONE USE SILICONE ADHESIVE ON THE CELLS.</p><p>GOOD LUCK</p>
<p>may i know how to connect several copper solar cell into one to get a more power</p>
You can connect copper cells in series to get exat voltage you want,when you exceed to that voltage connect the other cell into parallel so you can get the power you want if any questions you can comment below
<p>i like this project and intend to experiment with it a good bit. there a few points that come to mind though.</p><p>first: id like to find a way to do it cheaper with as many free, recycled, easy to find, and scrap components. also suggestions for alternative materials would be nice so that the primary things are not simply directed to acquire from the hardware store.</p><p>some of my ideas were to use old cat-3 phone line (which is often solid inside walls and braided when outside). i use solder from old pluming or circuit boards. actually an old computer could give you the wiring and enough solder for a few of these.</p><p>1/2&quot; copper pipe translates to about 1.6&quot; when cut and flattened and has a thickness of 0.028mm to 0.049mm, depending on type, and can be cut to whatever length.</p><p>1&quot; copper pipe translates to about over 3&quot; and has a thickness of about. 0.035mm to 0.065mm.</p><p>either of these aren't uncommon to find as scrap, and if bought would be much cheaper than flashing by the square inch as well as mass. is that acceptable or does the copper need to be thin enough to grade by mil to work? (if so, id just suggest smashing it more!)</p><p>i would also add tomato based hot sauce packets to the list of materials with which to clean the copper. it works well and rinses away clean.</p><p>secondly, i would really like to investigate how to do a solar cell with common US coins, if possible.</p><p>pennies are currently made with a 97.5% zinc core and only with a 2.5% copper coating. could the zinc be used, or perhaps the copper coating? could time and temperature be adjusted on the stove or would the process be completely different or even totally ineffective because of the different makeup.</p><p>im not very clear on the physics or chemistry involved. if anyone could offer any assistance with making this idea work, it would be appreciated greatly.</p><p>im adding other common (non-collector) coin compositions for quick reference.</p><p>nickles: since 1946 are a mixture of 75% copper and 25% nickel cupronickel (75% copper, 25% nickel) alloy.</p><p>dimes (2.268g,) quarters (5.67g,) and half dollars (11.34g,): since 1965 are made of cupronikle alloy sandwiching a 99.5% copper core.</p><p>Sacagawea dollar (8.1g): is a 99.5% copper core surrounded by manganese bronze, an alloy which consists of about 77% copper, 12% zinc, 7% manganese, and 4% nickel.</p><p>And no, this use of American coinage is not illegal, as it is not willful counterfeit or fraudulence.</p>
<p>i wants to self make a solar panel so can u help me ? </p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>i want to make a solar panel because actually to buy it is costly as well after that also if i wants to replace my home electricity supply instead to solar energy can i do this?</p><p>as well my question if i generate electricity anyhow by solar power or wind power how i can store that electricity as i can use only when its need is any idea?</p>
<p>Is it nessary to use a electric burner</p>
<p>Yes. A gas burner would not allow the oxygen to reach the copper. An oven would wake too freaking long and wouldnt work properly.</p>
<p>Assuming I were to make more than one of these, how would I wire them up so that I could make a small solar panel producing about 25 watts?</p>
<p>Assuming you have 750kg of copper, in parallel.</p>
Just wondering if you can use two large pieces the same size with a small gap in the case. Or, do both pieces have to see the sun for it to work. Side A would be the shiny copper and side B would show the oxidized copper.
I can not translate well to your question, if you write it with other words i'll reply, I apologize
<p>He is asking if the copper plates have to be the same size, and if both pieces of copper have to be facing the sun for the cell to work.</p><p>The answers to these are: No, no. The copper plates do not have to be that same size, nor do both of them have to face the sun. You will, however, have to make sure that the sheet which you heated will have to face the sun.</p>
I added a drawing. Would this work better or do they have to be side by side?
hi it is nice idea can you please explain the idea to me. It would be very helpful
now I understand what you wanted to say! thanks! Great idea! the path of ions is a little 'longer but the whole surface of the cell can collect photons thanks for sharing your idea! it only remains to test it I apologize for my bad English Ciao Alessio
<p>think you ..you are good because explane this information</p>

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