Introduction: NIXIE TUBE DRIVER MODULES - Part II
This Instructable is a follow-up to the nixie tube driver module (Part I) that I posted here.
The nixie driver board is designed to receive serial input from an external microcontroller (Arduino, etc.) and output decimal information and route power to one pair of nixie tubes. The pair of nixie tubes mount on top of the nixie driver board which supports two IN-12A type nixie tubes in two phenolic sockets. The high voltage requirements of at least eight pairs of IN-12A nixie tubes may be provided a high voltage power supply. The right-angle male and female header pins on the nixie driver board allow multiple pairs of nixie tubes to be joined edge-to-edge. This densely packed configuration permits minimum digit spacing while threading power and serial data connections to all elements.
Step 1: Parts List
1 - nixie driver printed circuit board
2 - K155ID1 (74141) 16-pin IC
1 - 74HC595 16-pin IC
3 - 16-pin IC socket
2 - straight 12-pin female header (1x12)
2 - right-angle 6-pin male header (1x6)
2 - right-angle 6-pin female header (1x6)
2 - 47k 1 watt resistor
1 - 100 uF electrolytic capacitor
1 - 0.1 uF metal film capacitor
Step 2: Board Layout
The nixie driver boards can be assembled in about 45 minutes. For those new to electronic assembly, here are two links to excellent soldering tutorials: Sparkfun, and Curious Inventor.
Note carefully to orient the nixie driver printed circuit board with the component placement information facing up. This is the side that will receive all of the supplied components.
Step 3: Assembly
Insert the male and female right-angle 6-pin headers as shown and begin soldering. These headers can be held in place by the weight of the board. Anchor the pins with solder on either end first, and confirm final position, before soldering all of the pins.
Step 4: Inserting the 16-pin DIP Sockets
Note the indent on each of the 16-pin DIP sockets. Align this indent with those marked on the board, then insert and solder all three DIP sockets in place. It is very difficult to adjust the position of a DIP socket after it has been soldered to the printed circuit board. A good strategy is to first anchor a socket by soldering two opposing corner pins. In this way, the socket will not shift before the rest of the pins are secured.
The indent on the DIP sockets corresponds to a similar indent on the two K155ID1 (74141) ICs and on the 74HC595 IC. These three ICs should be inserted into the sockets after all soldering is completed.
Step 5: Inserting the 12-pin Female Headers
The two straight 12-pin female headers can be added next. You can use the weight of the board to hold these in place while soldering. Similarly, it is a good idea to start with end pins, and check final position, before soldering the remaining pins.
Step 6: Inserting the De-coupling Capacitors
There are two de-coupling capacitors on each nixie driver board. Locate C1 on the board, and insert the non-polar metal film capacitor (below pictured red). Solder it in place and trim the leads.
C2 is on the opposite end of the board and does have a polarity. The negative side of C2 is toward the outer edge of the board; the negative lead of this capacitor is marked with a white band. Insert C2 as shown, solder it in place and trim the leads.
Step 7: Inserting the Resistors R2 and R3
The final two components of the nixie driver board are current limiting resistors for the two nixie tubes. R2 and R3 should be prepared for minimum height on the board; doing so will ensure a good seat for the nixie tube board above. Turn over one lead of each resistor and insert them vertically into position for soldering. Solder and trim the leads on the reverse side.
Step 8: Inserting the Resistors R2 and R3 - Options
Depending on the size of the resistors R2 and R3 that you have, you may find that it is difficult to install them so that the nixie tube board will lay flat above the nixie driver board. You could also choose, therefore, to mount R2 and R3 horizontally as shown. Given that these resistors are rated at one watt, you could also choose to replace them with 1/2 watt rated resistors (smaller in size), depending on the nixie tubes being driven. (This is adequately the case for the IN-12A type nixie tubes.)
Step 9: Inserting the ICs Into the Sockets
The three ICs can now be safely inserted into their sockets. Neither of these ICs are of the CMOS variety, and are not especially sensitive to static electricity. Note that ICs from the factory have pins set at a slightly wider angle than will fit into an IC socket. You can gently roll an IC on its side to uniformly bend in each row of pins so that it can then be inserted into its socket. This should be done with care, however, once the IC pins are well aimed into the socket receptacles, considerable force may be applied to seat the IC.
Step 10: Positioning of R2 and R3
Step 11: Arduino or Freeduino Interface
The nixie driver board permits a microcontroller (Arduino, etc.) to address two nixie tube digits, and via a shift register chain, multiple pairs of nixie tube digits. The 74HC595 shift register is used here to extend the microcontroller output functions. The 74141s are unique in that they are made to withstand the high voltage at which the nixie tubes operate.
You'll find test code for Arduino microcontrollers in the links, and a schematic and board layout details for the nixie driver board here.
For other great projects, also see the Freeduino site for open source code.