John Napier invented his abacus rods in the early 17th century. Among other things, Napier's Rods can be used for multiplying two factors, and is an ingenious way to multiply multi-digit numbers.

You'll need about a dozen craft sticks, a ruler, a pencil, and some other markers if you want to gussy up your sticks.

Both this and the linked Napier's Bones show an example of a multiple digit number multiplied by a single digit number but not a mutiple digit number multiplied by another multiple digit number. How would one multiply 314 by 97 for example?

you can do it but you have to add the two numbers together <br>first 9*314=2826 insert a zero behind because you actually want to multiply with 90 then you have 28260 then you do the 7 7*314=2198 then you add your two results 28260+2198=30458

Thanks for the reply. That's pretty much how I expected it would be done. I was hoping there was some "trick" inherent in the rods to accomplish this. <br> <br>Unless for amusement's sake I guess I won't be making one of these anytime soon as I can already do the single digit multiplication easily in my head.

I have no method other than taking out paper and pencil. Would be happy to know of others' methods.

He must have been an interesting Geek.?

Napier had his own castle, wrote apocalyptic literature, and worked with Henry Briggs to create the first slide rule. Yeah, I guess you could say he was a geek, or a nerd, depending on your definitions.

Thank You. Good history to check out.

He looks like an interesting guy <br>Wikipedia: "In addition to his mathematical and religious interests, Napier was often perceived as a magician, and is thought to have dabbled in alchemy and necromancy. It was said that he would travel about with a black spider in a small box, and that his black rooster was his familiar spirit." <br>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Napier <br>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napier%27s_bones <br>

I'm trying to upload a pdf with a template for making Napier's rods. If I succeed you'll see the files below.

Fantastic! Many thanks for this great instructable.

Very good teaching aids. If you don't want to buy a big pack of these sticks in a craft shop you can buy them singly in any pharmacy, just ask for "Tongue Depressors".

In Step 4, I believe you forgot to tell how to make the other sticks. It is easy to see by looking at the picture, for each rectangle, multiply the number at the top of the stick by the rectangle's position in the list and write the result with one digit above the diagonal and one below. Thanks for sharing this, it is way cool!!!!!

Thank you. I believe I'll edit that step based on your suggestions. And, yes, I do believe they would make great gifts.

I forgot to mention that I think these would be a great gift for an elementary or middle school math teacher. They've probably never heard of these.

This is a great invention that deserves to be better known! Thanks! Wonderful idea. Oh--it's easier to do the markings if you tack up a jig out of a base of spare plywood and a few extra sticks, to hold the bones -- we called these "Napier's bones" when I was a kid -- stable while you mark them. <br> <br>Now show us how to do the cool lasered ones! Thanks again.

I have tried, and failed, to make a jig out of craft sticks. If you can, please post examples or designs.<br> <br> Drawing the diagonals freehand is easy, but I'm sure making the other lines could be speeded up. I could also see multiple sets being made by silk screening, printing, or stenciling.<br> <br> <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/egp/" rel="nofollow">Liz</a> said that she'd be happy to make an Instructable, but not this week as she's preparing a TedX.

These are indeed Napier's Rods. Napier's bones are three dimensional, square in cross section, with four different rods engraved on each one. These are related to the slide rule. <br> <br>Regardless, what you call them, a nice instructable!

I still use this method now for doing sums, i just find it easier... brilliant math based instructable :)

If I still taught, I'd use it in the class! This is fun.

I love this!<br> I'd be nothing if it wasn´t for multiplying tricks: www.instructables.com/id/Tables-of-6-7-8-and-9-in-your-hands/

Wow! How neat. Thank you for posting this.