Instructables
Picture of Night Bike 2.0 with LED's
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Potato chips and projects are very similar. You are never satisfied with just one. And even if you eat so many chips or do so many projects that you feel a bit weak in the knees and unsettled in the stomach, it doesn't take too long to forget about the bad and continue with the good! And the beauty and frustration of projects is that once you finish, you just can't stop. You are happy you finished, but you immediately start thinking about how you can improve upon it and make the project even better!

That is how I came up with Night Bike 2.0. The first version was great, but I thought I could make it even better. And in the two years since I first published Night Bike (seen here), I've revamped it into the far more advanced and sophisticated version 2.0.

The hurdles I ran into while using my Night Bike were that the paint dimmed after awhile, and I preferred the crisp glow that you get just after charging the paint. I also struggled with my own space cadet nature and sometimes would forget to take it out of my work closet to charge before I left and then was sorry out of luck.

I needed some more glowing security on a budget because I'm definitely not made of money!

So after two years of tinkering with electrical circuits by dusting off some high school physics and a lot of help from the google, I've come up with Night Bike 2.0.

This bike is fantastic, I can store it away in my closet at work and if I forget about it there is no need to worry! I can charge it as I ride. I added violet LED lights which are placed to evenly charge the paint on the tires as you peddle (the blue dulled fastest) and to charge the frame as well! There are many settings to choose from on the bike so it can just be extra "flashy" if you want it to be.

Hopefully with this instructable you'll find this addition fairly easy, I've tried to endure all the headaches for you :) and as always I will comment if there are questions!





 
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Step 1: Materials/Tools

Materials:
> Connectors [Bought Here]
> Battery Pack [Bought Here]
> LED's [Bought Here]
> Alternative Switch [Bought Here]
> Zip Ties
> 1/4" Heat Shrink Tubing

Tools:
> Drill with bits
> Scissors
> Soldering Iron
> Matches (To heat the heat shrink tubing), heat gun will also work.


Step 2: Lighting Layout

Picture of Lighting Layout
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Surprisingly bikes are very conducive to a lot of electrical wiring for lights!  The frame itself is a natural way to conceal wires and to protect them from the elements.

Alright so let's dig in! 

Part 1: PLANNING

Planning is critical for any project.  It will be your brain when you get frustrated or rush or forget what you have to do next.  Without a plan you will have a tangle of wires and no means to escape.  Well, don't let me get your hopes up, you'll have a tangle of wires no matter what haha, but the plan will help it look a little less messy :P

With a pencil in hand you will need to mark where to you have to drill in the frame of the bike.  My bike needed a total of 18 holes.  You want to try to minimize the number of holes you make!   I started with the switch because I knew that I wanted that directly where the handle bars meet the top tube of the frame.  It makes it easy for me to click on and off.  So I put an x there for a hole.  Next, I needed to figure out where I wanted the battery pack.  I put it underneath the seat because that would hide it.  I also wanted to make sure that in case I grew 6 inches in my old age instead of shrinking I could adjust my seat all the way up and still have the battery pack reach the lights.  So I added an extension to be connected where the seat post meets the top tube.  So now the top tube will have the hole to connect the battery pack to the switch and the switch to the rest of the lights! 

The battery pack will power the switch, and all other wiring will come from the switch making one continuous loop.  So now I wanted lights on the bottom of the top tube, both of the back seat stays, the fork, the seat and the handlebars.  Figure 1 shows this clearly.  

In order to light up all of these parts I began at the switch.  I marked a small hole at the bottom of the top tube beneath the switch, and another one underneath the battery pack so the wire from the first light strip could go back into the frame.  Next I marked a hole .... you know what this is too many words!  Take a look at the diagram, that picture is really worth a million of my words. 

 Also keep in mind that with a different bike layout you will need different holes.  You are essentially creating a complex loop in your bike and you need to keep the loop connected, not broken, and the loop of wire is interrupted only by lights.  The holes are there so that the wire will come out to connect the lights, and go back in the bike until it will pop out for the next light strand. 

Follow the arrows, or create your own schematic like the one below to help you through!

Step 3: How to Wire

Part 2: Drilling!!!!!

I don't know about you, but I get antsy if I don't get my hands dirty on a project and spend too long planning (though it is crucial to plan).  So now it's time to start on the action!  I used a metal specific drill bit.  Before you go gung-ho read these tips:

     -Before you start drilling the hole, it's helpful to use a tool to make a small indention where you want the hole to go.  This indention
     will help prevent the drill from slipping, and preserve the paint.
     -I put a piece of tape over the indention to once again preserve the paint and get a cleaner drill hole
     -As you maneuver around the drill, you'll find it isn't conducive to tight spaces.  You might have to adjust your holes accordingly.
   

Part 3: Wiring!!!!

After all the drilling, I had to put back on my patience cap to begin the wiring and pull out my sketched schematic to guide me.  The switch that I bought came with a schematic (to let me know which was the power input, and which was the output for the lights), and it had a lot of excess wire.  I saved this wire for extending the connectors, and that was really convenient because it has positive and negative wires in one bundle, so I didn't have to do the whole shindig twice.

Here are some wiring tips:
Be patient and be mindful!  Start with the switch and end with the switch!  Keep in mind you are making one loop.

-When you feed the wire through the bike, it's so light that it might not pull itself towards the other hole.  I did some improvising and using the chain from a dog-chain necklace, I crimped one end to the wire and fed the other end through.  This made it heavy enough to fall towards the other hole.  Then I used a bright light and some very narrow pliers to pull the wire out the rest of the way.  

Mini Explanation:
Boiled down to a very simple sentence, for the wiring you are essentially connecting a bunch of connectors together with LED lights in between them.  The dilemma here is that the connector pieces will not fit through the small drilled holes, and the wire is not long enough to be fed through some parts of the bike.  So cut every connector in half.  After wire is fed through the holes via the above method, you will then need to solder the respective parts of the connector to each end of the wire.  Once the wire is through the holes, strip the ends, and put three pieces of heat shrink tubing on it.  One piece for the negative wire, one piece for the positive and one over both.  After a SOLID soldering job is complete use a match to shrink the tubing onto the positive and negative wire.  A match just seems cooler than a heating device though that works too.  Careful not to burn yourself or the heat shrink because you will have to start over. Then purely for aesthetics shrink the other piece of heat tubing over the two smaller ones.  

Tip: Please make sure that your soldering job is well done.  You don't want a faulty joint holding you back at the end!  

Step 4: Power Supply

Picture of Power Supply
Part 4: Power it up baby!

The loop for the switch should now be complete!  And that is fantastic... but you have no power!  So now you need to supply a line of power to the switch to light up the hole bike.

I wanted the power supply beneath the seat for easy access and concealment.  The battery pack had an output wire that was not long enough in the event that I wanted to adjust my seat up and down.  So I also had to cut that in half and solder in an extension.  

The schematics of the switch had a power wire and I wired that to the hole at the base of the seat and top tube.  I soldered on the female connector so that the output wire of the battery pack would fit in nicely and could be disconnected at my own leisure.   Put some batteries in the battery pack and you are so ready for TESTING the fruits of your labor! Get excited.  And hope and pray that you made really good solder joints, and nothing went too far awry!  But never fear, I have a troubleshooting section.

Step 5: Testing and Troubleshooting

Picture of Testing and Troubleshooting


Part 5: The Grand Reveal!

TURN ON THE SWITCH!

If all the lights turn on, CONGRATS.  Get yourself a nice mug of hot cocoa and admire the lights.  

More than likely one or more of the lights are not functioning.  Before you pull your hair out there may be a quick fix!  If more than one light isn't working, remember that this is a single loop, so if one light isn't working, then all the lights in the circuit after that one won't work either.  So go to the first problem light and work from there.  

The first thing to check is the connector to light link.  The connectors are cheap (I'm not made of money remember?) but they will work.  I would disconnect the connector and try snapping it back on.  If that still seems finicky, scrape a little of the excess plastic off of the top of the LED lights so that the connector teeth can more easily attach to the lights.  If that doesn't work... then I'm sorry but it's time to check your soldering.  

If you have a volt meter, that is the easiest way to check if a current is running through your soldering joint to see if that is the problem.

Also once you readjust the connector to make it work, you should definitely tape that sucker up so it doesn't get jostled out of place again.

If you've tinkered around and still have no luck, give me a shout in the comments!  I'll do my best to help you problem solve.


Step 6: Done!

Picture of Done!
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Future Tips:  

So as I am looking towards Night Bike 3.0, which let's face it is inevitable, there are some thoughts I already have a brewing.

1.  First of all I am looking to use a rechargeable battery pack with a waterproof case.  That would ease my mind and my wallet with my current system of battery usage, it's just not sustainable. I've gotta go green!  I would also like to find a means to velcro it to the seat (rather than tape, which isn't as classy).  

2. Next I am in the hunt for clear electrical tape that I would use in place of the zip ties and to also reinforce the sticky substance on the back of the LED lights for a tighter bond.  This clear tape could be used over the connectors as well to protect them from the elements. 

3. Honestly, adding more lights couldn't hurt the bike at all!  

4. The lights I got were 420nm, in the violet color of the UV spectrum.  Blacklights would really show off the paint wonderfully, so the closer I get to blacklight (otherwise known as UV light) wavelength, the better.  These lights are more expensive, so start saving now!  (But we all know how cool it is to stand in those backlight rooms and all your white clothing glows... just think of the bike!) 

5.  It would be great to find a switch that would allow me to make the LED's "dimmable."  That way they can be on all the time, but wouldn't steal from the star of the show, the glowing paint!  It would be more of an enhancement to the paint rather than an entity all on its own. I am looking at this dimmer currently. 


Otherwise ENJOY the bike.  Safety and Style.  BOOM! 



svelez27 months ago
I have a very primative setup compaired to this, but I repurposed a battery from an old laptop and used pvc glue to seal all cracks and holes.
chrwei7 months ago

for attaching leds, 3M make a 2 sided tape for car moldings and emblems that you can find in most any auto parts store. it's thin foam so has some give to it for mild curves and textures, and since it's made for the outside of cars there's no amount of bike abuse that it can't handle.

Adobi (author)  chrwei7 months ago

Thanks for the suggestion! I might try it if some of my LED's keep being persnickety

dpagan127 months ago

I love the effect and need a similar system for my vehicle but unfortunately the drill points will could weaken ANY frame material to the point of catastrophic failure . I suggest for no movement points you can pass the power thru adhesive copper strips used for PCB repair , paint or decals will cover. For the forks you can pass the power thru any small gauge wires wrapped around the break cables . my 2 cents keep working on it , it looks great .

Adobi (author)  dpagan127 months ago

Thanks for the suggestion, if folks don't want to drill they can take a look at your tips. Though I am really confident my bike isn't near catastrophic failure even with a few small drill holes. It's sturdy as an ox.

dpagan12 Adobi7 months ago
I'm an engineer you always assume the lowest poorest construction ... no one wants to see someone hurt ..
breadtrk7 months ago
To help with tape adhesion, clean the area with rubbing alcohol then warm it up with a blow dryer, real warm.
Adobi (author)  breadtrk7 months ago

That's a good tip, I was just worried about the paint surrounding the LED, so didn't want to go too gung-ho with rubbing alcohol to clean it up.

breadtrk Adobi7 months ago
Back when I was in the custom car biz we used acetone and toluene to prep for attaching groups effect kits. I think rubbing alcohol would be safe. This was to remove any dirt or wax. Since yours is fresh, non baked, paint a real good washing would certainly be a must.

As far as the holes weakening anything..... Someone needs to take their paranoia hat off and use some common sense. A 1/4" hole isn't going to weaken anything, even one of those bamboo frame rigs could stand that, and do during manufacturing.
DIY Micah7 months ago
Another option for your tape/zip tie dilemma could be a hot glue gun. It dries clear and can be used to reinforce solders/wires/LEDs. Great ible!
Adobi (author)  DIY Micah7 months ago

I didn't even think about a hot glue gun! I might try a dab of it.

KROKKENOSTER7 months ago
Psychedelic bike If you get into an accident then the other person that claim that he/she could not see you for sure can apply for "BLIND PENSIONS"for sure.A must for night riders (No pun intended)
Adobi (author)  KROKKENOSTER7 months ago

hahahahah thanks for the comment!

bd57 months ago

Thanks for the instructable. One tape that is close to electrical tape that is clear is "3M Plastic Tape" It's a very good quality tape and comes in lots of colors + clear. There are also some battery holders which are 100% enclosed and could easily make them water tight (at mouser.com) They're only about a buck each.

Adobi (author)  bd57 months ago

Hey Thanks for the suggestions! I'll look into them

dalecarlile7 months ago

So which paint and source do you now reccomend?

Tater Zoid7 months ago
Combining elements of our projects would create some great effects. http://www.instructables.com/id/Intro-60
Adobi (author)  Tater Zoid7 months ago
It sure would. I love the zipper bag you have for the electronics under the seat!
Tater Zoid7 months ago
Great project.
Adobi (author)  Tater Zoid7 months ago
Thanks!
starphire7 months ago
I like your design! Though I don't see the wheels glowing, like you mentioned in the intro. Is the camera just not picking that up very well?

I was also put off by the supplier you linked for LED strips - several of the claims they make regarding why their strips are superior to others are obviously false (ALL flex LED strips use pure copper for conductors, thicker substrates or different solder mask colors do NOT make a flexible PCB more reliable, etc.).

I was thinking you could also charge some other parts of the frame (or wheel rims) with more intense individual violet LEDs. The 5mm and 10mm 'bullet' style package offers a narrow, focused beam so you can direct the light to more distant points on the frame, or put more light onto a narrow rim. You'd just have to work out an efficient wiring arrangement for them so they could run off the same battery.
Adobi (author)  starphire7 months ago
The camera is not picking up the wheels very well. Also you have to remember that the bike is stationary, so the light couldn't shine on the rotating wheels for a more even glow. That said, the wheels glow less than the rest of the bike. The intense individual lights are a good idea for the wheels, but a more diffuse glow lights up the paint better.

Thanks for the comment about the light supplier, I'm sure there are better LED supplying companies if you search for them and aren't on a tight budget. If you find one, feel free to link it here.
xtracycletony7 months ago
Hello, I followed your Night Bike instructable to create my glow in the dark bike. The idea to add the lights to change it is just perfect! Are you concerned (I've not read the entire project yet) with drilling more holes into the frame?

I built mine for winter commuting where I usually ride to and from work in the dark. Keeping it bright has been an issue so this is my next step I believe!
Adobi (author)  xtracycletony7 months ago
Hey! That's super cool that you followed the first one. I love hearing that. The holes I drilled were really small, and not in any compromising joints. Since there weren't many I wasn't concerned at all. It's like drilling small holes for a water bottle holder or something of the sort. This will really help keep it bright! Good luck!
boxxy7 months ago
How much $$$ all in?
Adobi (author)  boxxy7 months ago
I don't remember the exact amount. I would say to install the backlight LED system it cost no more than $50.
alzie7 months ago
Cool bike!
As for UV leds, there are 385nm types,
not that much more expensive.
Mouser - 593-VAOL5GUV8T4
They appear dim wht to the eye, but
will tickle your phos or fluorescent paint just fine.