Introduction: Night Bike!

Gas is too expensive and not ecofriendly, so I like to bike wherever I can... unfortunately that means a lot of biking back from work at night.  This always makes me a little nervous, how much can you trust drivers going 45 miles per hour right past you?  I mean, a little dinky bike light can only do so much.

After too many close calls to count, and a lot of weekend tv watching I was inspired by the Blackberry commercial,  As you can see, they had much more than a small flashing bike light to keep them safe, and those bikes certainly had some flair!  

After doing a little bit of research, I found that there were some super glow in the dark paint, better than your typical craft store stuff.  In fact it's called phosphorescent paint which can glow for up to 12 hours, is substantially brighter than simple glow in the dark paint, and only takes 10 minutes to charge up!  

I must say, after creating this bike I feel much safer riding in the dark, cars are able to spot me from quite a far distance.  I've even gotten a few compliments on the cool style of the bike! Safety and style... it's a win win!

So thus begins my instructable - a glowing bike that will not only amaze friends and onlookers, but be extremely safe for riding in the dark.    

UPDATED INFORMATION and TIPS and RESPONSES TO COMMON QUESTIONS:
- I bought my paint at glonation and it worked fairly well.  A better choice (for brighter glow) may be gloinc as they advertise their paint is 3x brighter than their competitors.  However, it is pricier than glonation.  You could also do a little google search on super phosphorescent paint and you will find a few other places to purchase the paint.  You can't buy it in a typical craft store (at least to my knowledge).

-The paint is NOT radioactive... so you don't have to worry about that

-We used 8 ounces total, 4 for the frame and 4 for the wheels.  We had to put on many layers since it is hard to get even coverage with a paintbrush.  There is not a spray glow phosphorescent paint on the market yet, it is being developed soon hopefully.  The paint is creamy, so doesn't really work for an airbrush.  

-Be careful when you purchase the paint and READ the advertising.  For instance from glonation it states that orange only glows for 15minutes while is says that green (though dims) glows for 12 hours.  Gloinc states that their green glows for 24hours, gloinc also has some information on the brightness on each glow.

-See last page of this instructable for some really cool black light LED's that would fit on the bike inconspicuously and give it an even brighter and longer glow!





Step 1: Phosphorescent Paint

Now I want you to know that when I say this bike glows... it REALLY glows.  Back when I was a youngster and was fascinated by glow in the dark paint, I was always disappointed by how dull and short lived the glow was.  The typical craft store glow paint is zinc-sulfide based in an acrylic medium, if it is colored pigments are used.  The problem with using pigments is that these colors absorb most of the light, and thus the glow isn't as bright.

Instead, phosphorescent paint (used for this bike) is strontium based and glows 10 times longer and brighter. Impressive!  

The paint works only after it is exposed to an energy source, like the sun or black lights (these work really well) or regular lights.  The paint absorbs the light energy and the little electrons get excited and jump up a few energy levels, sort of like climbing a few steps on a ladder.  This is not a stable state for the electron  (eventually you have to come down the ladder) and once it falls back down to its "ground state" it emits light, in the color of your paint.  It turns out that strontium aluminate is more efficient and better at this than craft store glow paint.  

You can find more information here and here

Step 2: Time to Start!

What you need:

Bike (preferably a fixie bike because it is much easier to paint, with fewer parts to keep track of!)
Bike assembly/disassembly tools
Y Allen Wrench (If you ever need just one tool to disassemble a bike, this is it! It was really useful)
Nylon String
Masking Tape
Paint Brush
Spray Paint Primer (at least 2 bottles)
Spray Paint White Flat (at least 3 bottles)
Phosphorescent Paint (at least 8 ounces total for the bike, but you can choose more than one color if you'd like-for example I used 4 ounces of green for the frame and 4 ounces of blue for the tires)
Spray Paint High Gloss Clear Overcoat (Gotta protect what you already painted! You don't want your hard work to go to waste.)
Helmet (ALWAYS wear a helmet when riding a bike, this is about safety after all)

Step 3: Disassembly of Bike

Essentially, take everything off of the bike that you can.  I recommend first sitting on the bike and adjusting the seat and handlebars to your desired height.  Place some tape there (with the top edge of the tape at the desired height), that way when you paint, you will only paint the exposed metal and leave the rest free so it will more easily be put together ( you won't have like 8 layers of paint to try to deal with!)

Then just start the disassembly, and take pictures along the way so you know how to put the bike back together!  Trust me, those pictures were life savers!  

Tips:

When you take off the seat for instance, place all the nuts and bolts in a ziploc baggy labeled "SEAT".  You don't want to have spent forever painting your bike only to be frustrated that you lost that one little screw you needed.

Unless you have a special tool called a crank puller you won't be able to take off the crankshaft.  It doesn't really matter though, it is just as easy to paint the frame with it on.

Unless you have a special tool called a chain tool (real creative name there...) you won't be able to take off the chain. But this is easily solved by taping the chain.



Step 4: Preparing for Primer and Paint

First tape up all of the parts you don't want painted.  I wanted to keep all the silver parts silver.  Also ensure you tape the threaded parts of any screws or other parts you want painted.  If you paint the threads... good luck reassembling!  

Tape the chain if you didn't take it off.  

Now tie string onto every piece you want to paint.  This is to hang it wherever you will be painting (I hung it from the garage rafters since it is coooold outside) BUT make sure wherever you paint there is some good ventilation.  If you do it in your garage as well, keep the garage door wide open.

When you tie string onto the bike parts ensure that you make a large enough loop around the part so you can maneuver it well while painting.  Then make the rest of the string rather long so you won't have to use a ladder to reach it to paint..  Also, try not to go all gung ho with the string tying, minimize it it one or two strands per piece.  This way the string isn't covering too much of the bike resulting in more unpainted sections of the bike, and also, more string = more rubbing = more headaches for you.  

That was rather convoluted... take a look at the pictures to get a better idea.  And I will respond to any questions promptly! 

Step 5: Prime and Paint

Once you have hung up all your bike parts you are ready to prime and paint your bike!  After you prime the bike, let it dry for 24 hours and then spray paint it white.

Ensure that you put enough coats of white paint on your bike to REALLY make it white.  The phosphorescent paint dries clear, and glows better on a very white background.  So basically, the whiter and neater the better, because that is what your bike will look like.



Remember:

Primer isn't meant to cover extremely well.  It is merely a first layer, so don't get discouraged when you've run through two cans and still see that firetruck red peeking through -  this is what you want!  The white spray paint will then cover up everything.

Shake the cans really well before you begin.

Ventilation, ventilation, ventilation!

Don't put on too heavy of coats, and keep that can 6-12 inches away... read your paint instructions.  You don't want drip marks, so many lighter coats are preferred.  

Your patience will be rewarded!

-----------------------------------------------------------------------24 hours later-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

After the white spray paint has had adequate time to dry you are ready for phosphorescent paint!

Using a paint brush, apply the phosphorescent paint in very EVEN coats.  Please, Please be patient, this will take many many coats to ensure an even, bright shine.  I didn't realize that uneven painting resulted in uneven glowing, so I had to put on more coats. 

After you let the phosphorescent paint dry for 72 hours after the last coat, apply your clear protecting coat.


Tips:

Lay it on thickly for the spokes, imperfections won't be seen while riding.  The thickness on the spokes make the bike look even cooler while glowing.

If painting in the garage, it can be hard to see the phosphorescent paint on white, since it paints on clear.  So you can turn off the lights to double check to see if you missed any glaring sections. 

Allow plenty of time for the phosphorescent paint to dry between coats, this takes much longer then the normal coats.


Step 6: Assembly/Finish

Using your pictures you took as an aid reassemble your bike!

Be sure to add a front and rear light... the bike can't be too bright after all.

Charge it up and then.....

You're ready for a Night Ride!
 
If you want to make the bike even brighter, and last even longer... you can invest in black light LED strips to place on the frame of the bike.  Now that would be really cool, and you wouldn't have to worry about the glow fading!  Here is an example of some convenient LED black light strips that you could use.

Comments

author
mugdhaverma made it!(author)2015-05-04

Wow! This looks awesome. I'm going to try making a few glow-in-the-dark trinkets using this 3D pen goo.gl/izSIHt and put it on my bicycle. Maybe even on my helmet :D!

author
DurgaP1 made it!(author)2014-10-12

hello friends i want change my byke look in to tron byke look... which type of paint is better for this remodeling... pls suggest me.........

author
WildHoneyGloria made it!(author)2012-05-24

I think it would be cool to have a bike that was both glow in the dark and reflective. I know there is reflective paint. Any idea if you can paint your bike with both of these paints and if so how to do it???

author
jofish15 made it!(author)2014-04-27

This actually makes a lot of sense; especially in terms of the glow in the dark paint. The reason white works best as a base coat is because it reflects more light, allowing it to activate the glow in the dark paint more. Therefore I think it would be pretty interesting to use a base coat of some time of reflective paint with the glow in the dark paint on top of it. The only problem is I'm not sure how much it would show through the glow in the dark paint. I guess you could always leave a stripe or pattern that isn't topped off with the glow in the dark paint, perhaps even in an interesting design/pattern. Just my two cents.

author
Allureglow made it!(author)2012-08-25

We are working on Several Dual Technology Products (Retro-Reflective and Glow in the Dark) and will be posing them as they become available. This Dual Technology provides the Best of both worlds. allureglowusa.com

author
Adobi made it!(author)2012-06-25

That sounds like a good idea... I am not sure if you can do it. But if you try it let me know how it works!

author
DarksideScott made it!(author)2013-12-17

or you could just have LumiLor Labs light it with LumiLor. EL paint...http://lumilor.com/

author
aturner26 made it!(author)2013-10-05

I want to know if the paint from Glowinc website is suitable in rainy conditions will it make paint come off ??
can I use a normal paintbrush to apply paint and what paint should I use paint my bike white ??

author
arber_selimaj made it!(author)2013-06-14

You should enter the bikes and wheels contest they have on the app

author
Ryanj2000 made it!(author)2013-03-22

I love it but the only downside is before you ride you have to have lights around it.

author
lunaazul1618 made it!(author)2013-02-27

Does anyone know how i can buy the paint on the website???

author
asktom made it!(author)2012-01-19

Just did a new bike, "White" painted it w/glopaint, the good stuff (3-4 coats). Looks like glue and streaks of green from glow, glows great "But" you can see brush strokes at night when close..Also, goes on rough like sandpaper...

I guess I should have used a spray gun, "Will it change the consistency and NOT be so rough, white looks white but up close you can see the glue type consistency and little green color as mentioned..

Anyone done one with a spray gun, does it come out better?


author
BR00KSM3T4L made it!(author)2013-01-10

Glo Nation's FAQ says to mix 1 oz. of glow powder to 4 oz. of clear coat for a clean spray application. That's probably what I'll do. Also here's a more in depth instructions on how to spray glow

author
SargentPepper made it!(author)2012-01-19

Cool! me too! I'd like to know if anyone did it with a spray gun as well...

author
the+mastereggroll made it!(author)2012-09-13

my fixe bike is an obnoxious florescent highlighter green color and i was wondering weather i can keep the color without having it all white and still have it glow (obviously green) in the dark. is this possible ?

author
Adobi made it!(author)2012-09-14

Yes, you could keep the bike a neon green. However, the glow paint won't glow as brightly as if it had a white background. Also the glow paint has a slight tinge of color so it might clash with the neon green you already have. Plus the flat white spray paint helps give the glow paint something to stick on. These are just some things worth considering, hope it helps!

author
the+mastereggroll made it!(author)2012-09-17

oh okay then thank you!

author
OCLVig made it!(author)2012-09-04

I'll have to do this for my mountain bike night rides! I'll just "activate" it with a handheld blacklight before hitting the trail. even though I run a 32 watt light system on the bike, it is still black as pitch from the handlebars back. The light only lights the trail in front of the bike. I'm sure the glow effect will still be quite noticeable for the other riders.

author
SargentPepper made it!(author)2012-01-19

I just did a bike too! Like ask tom... mine turned out great! It is super cool. I tried to take a picture of mine to post.... but it did not look nearly as good from the camera view as it did in person. And it did glow like 4 hours for me... not that I bike that long anyway.

So glad you posted this instructable! Congrats on winning... you deserve it!

author
ddlax22 made it!(author)2012-08-28

what glow paint did you use?

author
jolshefsky made it!(author)2012-03-12

I bought the Water-Based Glow in the Dark Paint Sample Pack from Glow Inc. and got a chance to test it. I left the bottles clear-side-up in a sunny window for a couple hours then moved them to a darkened room. The glow was about as bright as I remember from hobby-store glow-in-the-dark stuff. Compared to a glow-in-the-dark T-shirt, the green is, in fact, considerably brighter (describing the perceptive difference, I'd say between 5 and 10 times brighter, but still only comparable to the light observed looking at a 20mA 50mcd green frosted LED).

I expected them to last more than several hours, but when I checked them after 30 minutes, all of them were barely visibly glowing. I bought the sampler so I could try different backgrounds and different clear coatings. I'll still do those experiments, but so far I'm very disappointed.

author
Allureglow made it!(author)2012-08-25

I would suggest checking out our Product Disclosure Statement on our website at allureglowusa.com. This will explain how to properly test a product and some of the things that will effect the Glow.
You want to use a White Background or Primer and after the Glow Paint has cured put a High Gloss Clear over the top. Note: Make sure that the Clear Top Coat does not have any UV Inhibitors in it or you will not get any light through to the pigment. The clear top coat will increase your glow by as much as 15%.

author
jolshefsky made it!(author)2012-03-19

I completed some testing and could not replicate anything close to the glow times indicated by Glow Inc. I would not recommend their products.

I doubt Glow Nation's paints are substantially different. I am suspicious of the hours-long glow times stated in the Instructable, and of the strange EXIF data noted by yardleydobon in another comment.

author
Simond157 made it!(author)2012-04-01

A whole frame is tuff to manage , best case scenario buying a 12 volt lithium ion battery pack and setting UV led spots strategically set on the frame maintaining the glow factor on, better go for del strip, much more spectacular , nowadays a sufficient li ion chipped rechargeable pack's bought online for around 40 bucks and stored in the saddle bag can keep WProof led strips lighted for 4 to 8 hours glow rims are easyer to maintain aesthetically wise by modifying bike lights with UV led's and setting them on the fork lighting both sides of the rims .
PS does Phosphorescent pink glow as long as the jade green one ?

author
arthurelizondo made it!(author)2012-04-11

2 Questions. 1) Won't the bike pickup light from street lights and recharge the paint during your night ride? I also believe that if you ride it in the daytime it will charge with sun light.

2) If you use the black lights, What size battery do you need to turn them on, 6 volt 12 volt, portable batteries?

P.S. If you used a headlight and pointed it to the bike frame that light should recharge your paint as well. Does it?

Thanks for your great project.

author
Allureglow made it!(author)2012-08-25

To answer your question yes street lights or headlights will charge the Photoluminescent or Glow Pigments in the Paint. I wold suggest checking out our Product Disclosure Statement on our website at allureglwusa.com. This will explain how to properly test a product and some of the things that will effect the Glow. allureglowusa.com

author
ptag made it!(author)2012-06-18

Do you think it is possible to paint the bike black for the base color and then put the glow in the dark paint on that with a matte finish and the glow would still work at night?

author
Allureglow made it!(author)2012-08-25

If you use Black as your base, you will loose up to 50% of your Glow Intensity. We have tested every color available including chrome, brass, reflective and many more only to find that White is the best. Allureglowusa.com

author
Adobi made it!(author)2012-06-25

I am not sure, but I think the white background has a better chance of success glowing. The black might take away from the ability of the paint to reflect, or it might dull it. You could try it on a piece of wood first to test it out.

author
sanchez05 made it!(author)2012-07-03

can you charge it with sun light?

author
Allureglow made it!(author)2012-08-25

Yes, Photoluminescent or Glow in the Dark Products can be charged by any type of light, but the sun works the best. Our Allureglow Products require only 10 minutes in the sun to be fully charged and glow in excess of 12 Hours.
allureglowusa.com

author
nlcastellanos made it!(author)2012-08-04

Does the glowing effect wear out in time? Does the bike still have the same glowing power now that it did when you built it?

author
Allureglow made it!(author)2012-08-25

Although there are many Glow in the Dark Products on the Market you have to know which type of Photoluminescent Pigment (Glow in the Dark) was used. Many of the Paints and Inks on the market use a Zinc Sulfide Type which is not suitable for Outdoor Use. Allureglow offers the Highest Glowing Paints, Inks and Coatings utilizing the most advanced Strontium Aluminate Technology. Allureglow Pigments show less then a 8% degradation over a 20 Year duration.These paints can be sprayed using an HVLP System, or Air Brush. Check them out at Allureglowusa.com

author
or_ford98 made it!(author)2012-04-19

VIDEOOOOOOOOOOOO

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or_ford98 made it!(author)2012-04-19

VIDEOOOOOOOOOOOO

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caguallo made it!(author)2012-04-15

i bought 2 oz. of glonations blue powder and i was wondering what you would mix with it to make a paint???

author
pnkpanther made it!(author)2012-03-31

I would like to agree with Jolshefsky. I just painted my bike using this guide, It was a fun expirement however I used Glow inc's supposed 24 hour glow paint which did not work nearly as well as advertised but seeing as i'm on a budget I had to use what i bought. the bike glows pretty well especially after a charge and is a cool thing to have but all in all i'd say this project really wasn't worth the effort I had to put into it. the paint also chips off pretty easily even after 3 coats of clear acrylic and gets dirty quite easily. If you're looking to do this yourself my tips would be; be extremely patient with the coats of glow paint to get them solid, and if you can take the parts to a shop or get them professionally clear coated to keep them from getting dirty and chipped.

author
jlaw7 made it!(author)2012-03-29

I painted a bike last summer and found that using an industrial paint stripper takes all the stock paint off very easily, that is an option as opposed to sanding

author
jreyes20 made it!(author)2012-03-17

Did you ever try sanding the paint off the frame before painting, or do you know of anyone who has? I plan on painting my bike and I'm trying to decide whether to sand then paint or just prime then paint like you did. Also, my frame is already white, so would spray painting it white be redundant?

author
Adobi made it!(author)2012-03-18

I did not try sanding the frame, although it might help give the bike a cleaner look and help the spray paint stick better. However, the work it would take to sand the whole bike might outweigh the benefits of it looking better. Also, I don't think it would be too redundant to repaint the bike with a flat white gloss, I think it helps make the glow paint stick better. However, I would try painting a sample of the phosphorescent paint on the bike before you spray paint it to see if it meets your satisfaction, this way you could possibly save time and money. Hope this helps, good luck!

author
thirteendayslater made it!(author)2012-02-03

Has anyone heard of the Bike After Dark lights yet? they light up the whole ground when you're ridin, like Tron. pretty awesome if u ask me.

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Adobi made it!(author)2012-03-18

Sounds neat I will have to look them up!

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unboundglory made it!(author)2012-02-26

Do you think that sanding or possibly wet-sanding the parts (specifically the frame) before painting would help the paint job turn out better/ reduce the amount of paint needed?

author
Adobi made it!(author)2012-03-18

I have never tried wet-sanding or sanding the frame, but I don't think it would help reduce the amount of paint used, however it might give a smoother, cleaner look. You would still have to paint the frame white, but it would still be worth a try!

author
RocKiN+Ranen made it!(author)2012-03-09

Would this work with a mountain bike?
The bike itself is white and black (white frame with black letters, shocks, and spokes). The bike is kind of glossy, so I don't know if it will work on it, and I'd prefer not to paint it, but I probably can paint the white frame white if needed. I wouldn't paint the shocks, because that would probably make it not work as well, and the paint would probably wear off, but I don't want to paint some on the spokes (the wire parts of the tire) so it will make an animated pattern when I ride.
So if I painted it would I have to spray paint it first, or just apply the phosphoresent paint?

author
Adobi made it!(author)2012-03-18

I think it would be a good idea spray the frame white before paint it with the phosphorescent, because the flat white is kind of rough which helps make the paint stick. However, you could try painting a sample on the glossy white you already have on the frame and if it doesn't work then spray the frame white. Same with the spokes. I hope this helps, good luck!

author
aman111 made it!(author)2012-03-04

This instructable is truly amazing! My head exploded in amazement, and my brain yelled out OMG!

author
benetnasch made it!(author)2012-02-21

thats EPIC. Did you use solvent based paint or water based paint. which would you recommend glowinc. or glonation...is it very durable because i want to paint over my bike that i use for boy scouts. thx

author
SporkyRat made it!(author)2012-01-05

I've got a question about the pain. Is the paint itself clear and it just glows various colours? I've got a very nice paint job on my bike that I don't want to paint over (kinda sentimental, I am) and I want to make sure that I can keep it while still being as safe as possible.

author
Adobi made it!(author)2012-01-05

Yes, the paint itself is clear (but not crystal clear) and glows the various colors. I will warn you that unless you can find a spray super phosphorescent paint it does not exactly go on smoothly, so it might mess up the paint job. Also, if you are concerned about weight, it does add weight, and a tinge may be seen if you use a brighter color, like green. I think that you will be able to tell you painted over the bike, unless you can find a spray phosphorescent glow paint.

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