Introduction: No-Knead Brick Oven-style Pizza

I'm a guy who likes his pizza. And I don't mean run-of-the-mill franchise delivery. I'm a bit of an aficionado; I like simplicity and authenticity. And to get that where I live, you've gotta learn to do it yourself. Except I'm also a guy with a small kitchen, no brick-oven, no $300 stand mixer, and a very strict work-ethic (which is doing as little as possible).

I started with Alton Brown's recipe from the Good Eats episode "Flat is Beautiful" (S3E9) which, hopeful as I was, turned out to be more of a cracker than a crust, due mostly to the fact that it required the use of a power stand mixer that I don't have. Otherwise I'd have to knead the dough for like, 15 hours or so (minus the hyperbole). Regardless, most of the methods I use for making the pizza came from this episode and is definitely worth a watch as he explains his methods and techniques much more effectively than I can.

Naturally I turned to the web to see if it could provide me with an alternative to using a stand-mixer, or in fact avoid kneading altogether and the few recipes I found didn't turn out much better than the first one. But as it was turning out better and cheaper than the delivery crap I get around here, I stuck with it for a while.

Until one fateful afternoon, where I was struck either by inspiration or madness, I ventured out on my own into the wide world of dough-making and had the audacity to make a few modifications of my very own.

And against my every expectation, it turned out rather good.

Step 1: Stuff You'll Need

These are all the basic tools you'll need to make the dough, plus the specialty equipment.
1. A measuring cup that can hold ~2 cups water
2. A medium sized bowl. I have one with a snap on lid which comes in handy, but plastic wrap can take its place nicely.
3. Stirring spoon. Something sturdy, you'll be mixing the water and flour together with this
4. A whisk. Which you don't really need, but I like it because it basically sifts the flour.

Also:
5. Baking stone. A nice round one from a kitchen store works fine. Mine's an unglazed stone floor tile from a franchise hardware store. It also works fine.
6. Pizza paddle. I didn't have one when I first started, so I used a large wooden cutting board. It worked, kind of. But not nearly as well as an actual pizza paddle does.

Foodstuffs needed:
1. Bread flour. Absolutely must be Bread flour; not AP flour and definitely not some gluten-free flour. It won't work, since you really need gluten. For best results, I'm told you should use Bread flour specifically for bread machines, as it contains the highest levels of gluten.
2. Table Salt.
3. Baking Powder.
4. White Sugar.
5. Yeast. I use Fleischmann's BreadMachine yeast. A packet of Active Dry yeast should work the same. If you use Instant yeast, you can add it directly to the flour and skip the blooming process.

Step 2: Making the Dough: Dry Ingredients

1. In the bowl, add 3 cups of the bread flour.
2. Add 1/2 Tbsp Salt.
3. Add 1/2 tsp Baking Powder.
4. Mix with whisk.

Step 3: Making the Dough: Wet Ingredients

1. In the measuring cup, add 1 1/2 Cups warm water. Not too hot! Somewhere between 80 F - 90 F is best, if you care to get a thermometer. I just use warm water from the tap.
2. Dissolve 1 Tbsp sugar into the water completely.
3. Sprinkle 1/4 tsp yeast on to warm sugar water. Cover with plastic wrap or a tea towel or something. This is called Blooming.
4. Wait 5-10 minutes.
5. Stir floating yeast down into the water so it's cloudy.

Step 4: Making the Dough: Combine and Rise!

1. Pour yeast water mixture into flour mixture
2. Mix together well with your stirring spoon.
3. Cover with plastic wrap. Or a lid, if you have one.
4. Let rise for 2-3 hours in a warm place (~70 F). I set my oven to its "warm" setting and leave it there for 2 hours. Since the rack is on the lowest setting, it's far enough away from the coils to do damage.
5. Move to refrigerator for 18-24 hours. I know, I know. That's a long time. Well, that's how I do it and it's worked out pretty good so far. Something about letting flavors mingle and develop and stuff.

Step 5: Making the Dough: the Final Countdown

1. Flour up your pizza paddle or counter or whatever work surface you want to use.
2. Take the dough out of the fridge.
3. Turn the dough onto the floured board and fold it over 3 or 4 times.
4. Form into a ball. I use the method Alton Brown describes in the previously mentioned Good Eats episode.
5. Divide the big dough ball into four pieces, and make them into balls. Each dough ball is enough for one crust. So if you're only making one pizza, you can put the other dough-balls back into the fridge. I sometimes put them in a plastic container separated by parchment or wax paper. You can also spray the inside of a ziploc bag with cooking spray and keep the dough that way.
6. Cover the dough-balls with a cloth or tea towel and let rise for 2 hours. Make sure the cloth is coated with some flour first, or it might stick to the dough.

Step 6: Pizza Time!

Now you're ready to make some pizza!
1. Make sure to place your pizza stone on the bottom most rack. If you have a convection oven, you can place the stone right on the floor of the oven. I've always made pizza with a stone, so if you don't have one, you're on your own.
2. Preheat oven to 500 F. That's as high as my oven goes, but if yours goes higher you can try even hotter temperatures. I never have, cause I can't. Once you've reached temperature let the stone get hot for 15-30 minutes. Rumor has it that that's a good thing to do.
3. Shape the dough. You could try hand-tossing or hand-stretching. It takes practice but is supposed to be worth it because the crust will be better formed. Again, see that Good Eats episode for the technique. I have low ceilings, so I use this French style rolling pin. It's also worked out pretty good so far.
4. Give the paddle a shake to make sure the dough didn't stick. If it does stick, add more flour underneath. Sticking is bad. It will make the transfer to the oven a whole heap of big trouble.
5. Add toppings. Remember: Less is More! Here I brushed on some olive-oil, with a dusting of kosher salt and fresh-cracked pepper, some diced ham and pepperoni, and mozzarella cheese.
6. Slide the pizza off the paddle onto the hot stone. Be gentle but firm. Before transferring to the oven, I like to give the paddle another shake. It helps get a feel for the inertia needed to slide it off, and sometimes cheese will come off. It's better for the cheese to fall off on the counter than on the stone, or else the cheese could fuse the pizza to the stone and make extraction difficult.
7. Wait ~5 minutes and the pizza should be baked!
8. Basically do the opposite of what you did to get the pizza into the oven, to get the pizza out of the oven.
9. Wait ~5 minutes to let the pizza cool and the cheese to settle down.
10. You're done. You can cut it up and eat it now. Or roll it up and smoke it or however you prefer.

Step 7: In Conclusion

And that's how I make my pizzas. You could also try calzones and/or strombolis and/or whatever else pizza dough is used for. Use your imagination!

I should add that, in my experience, the dough turns out even better if you double the recipe. I mean, theoretically there should be no difference, but this is something science is going to have to step back on and take my word for.

Happy Baking, everybody!

Comments

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grillmaster made it!(author)2012-11-01

Curious as to why you use Baking Powder ??

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Thundermoon99 made it!(author)2012-10-14

i think ill use this for pan pizza :)

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rufusgerm made it!(author)2010-07-26

I've done this recipe, and it is soooooo good! I love it. I was just curious what kind of timeline do the three extra dough balls have? How long can they be in the fridge and still be good? Also, the longer they stay in the fridge, the less the dough wants to stretch out when I'm shaping the pizza. Is there any "cure" for this? Thanks for the great recipe and any further help you can offer.

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bombmaker2 made it!(author)2010-08-03

I don't know about this specific dough, but I'd say ~1-2 weeks or so in the fridge. If it sits too long, the dough will friment and become half goo and half liquid. Dough can be frozen for a couple months. To fix the shaping issue, let the dough warm up to room temperature before working with it.

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rams666 made it!(author)2012-05-03

i think you meant ferment. not trying to be a jerk or anything sorry if it sounds that way.

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bombmaker2 made it!(author)2010-08-03

Sorry about the friment thing. It should say firment, like what alcohol does.

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abruchis made it!(author)2011-11-07

Great Intructable!

I have had a great deal of luck using m collection of cast iron cooking stuff for pizza.
It can get blazing hot either in the oven or on the grill, evenly distributed heat, and for another style of pizza-pie.. I imagine will work well in making a great Chicago style deep dish pie.

I'm both hampered and shackled with a love of a love of all pizza style, as long as there's good quality ingredients and it' doesnt say "Tombstone" on it, I'm probably not going to hate it, might even like it 8^)

That said, using cast iron at high temp even made frozen pizza edible, give it a try!

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kwthemale made it!(author)2009-09-05

I got to this stage and the dough was just really sticky and about impossible to work with. Any ideas as to what I did wrong?

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cnewman2 made it!(author)2011-06-20

put olive oil on your fingers so it doesn't stick to you

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eric+m made it!(author)2010-08-09

Making good pizza with bread flour and 500 degree oven never works out well. You need highprotein /gluten flour only available at restaurant supply stores. I wood fired oven is the only way to get the high temps of 900deg F.

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Rogue+Gourmet made it!(author)2011-03-04

This can be accommodated at home! First with the addition of gluten to your bread flour, if you really want a high gluten flour, I havent found this really makes much difference in fact, than a good bread flour. Second, you can either use your grill to achieve high temps for cooking, or you can cut the latch off your oven, set it to clean, and use a stone. I have done this to my oven, and i love how well it works. That said, I wouldn't recommend casually cutting the latch off your oven. You have to consider a variety of concerns before doing something like this. I have a good kitchen for this, and got a fancy new fire extinguisher the first time I tried it. It works brilliantly though.

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ElvenChild made it!(author)2011-02-14

About your comment yeah it's weird same thing here fore example I have a really long really complicated bread recipe that I tried doubling it tasted like burnt flour

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surfdude made it!(author)2011-01-23

Looks like a great recipe, can't wait to try it.

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DaPope made it!(author)2010-09-12

I tired it out and it turned out pretty good. Definitely take the time to spread the crust thin. I had a few spots where it was think and didn't cook all the way. Otherwise a great crust and cooking at such a high temp made it extra exciting to watch!

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SupaDave2096 made it!(author)2010-08-30

Great Instructable! Easy and clean!! :) Thankyou mike!

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RoyalPayne made it!(author)2009-08-31

Thanks for the tip about the unglazed stone floor tile. I've never been a fan of paying premium for something I'll use one or two times, then store away, never to be seen again. This is a low cost, no guilt alternative.

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lostsoul3471 made it!(author)2010-05-14

Actually be it the tile or the "premium" stone, using it with pizza or bread on it directly I'm in the same boat as you, however a recommendation is to keep the stone in the oven with anything that you cook in it.  Supposedly it equalizes the temperature better and whatever you have in the oven with it should cook more evenly.  So far I've seen no detrimental factors in just leaving it in there as a "baking accessory."  YMMV.

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ladybanksia99 made it!(author)2010-08-15

The thing about these stones/tiles is that they need to be kept absolutely bone-dry. They break in the heat of the oven because any moisture trapped within the stone becomes vapor and expands, thereby cracking or breaking it. As well, always start your stone in a cold oven; never put one in after heating the oven up... Also, of course, no oils of any kind are needed on the stone. I don't wash mine, I just take a razor blade and scrape off any surface adhesions after it cools off (if you try this step, use extreme care with any type of blade). Its ready to go for next time. I often even use a smaller round stone on the outdoor bbq, as I don't like to heat up the kitchen/house with a 500-plus degree oven in the desert southwest!

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chippy made it!(author)2010-06-23

any luck finding one? I went to a stone tile store and they had no idea. gave me something that broke when it got hot.

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Stonehenge541 made it!(author)2010-06-05

You know, this is going to sound really weird, I just made some pizza following this recipe, I added some herbs to the dough, and I added another big twist. After I put my cheese and pep on the pizza, I sprinkled some cinnamon and sugar on it. I was curious so I only put it on one corner of the pizza, and it was DELICIOUS! It tasted like italian pizza pastry. I also took a tip from Macaroni Grill, and dipped it in some oil and vinegar. I may not have the most normal taste in food, but this was good. Thought you should give it a go.

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Booyaka3 made it!(author)2010-06-09

Talk about being weird. :P I'm joking I think ill give those suggestions a try! :D

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sthealthraider made it!(author)2010-06-01

What do you mean skip blooming proces??

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cobydallas made it!(author)2009-10-08

I love this dough! So easy and tasty, I even make it when we go camping. I have gotten my whole family hooked on this pizza dough! Thank you.

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NOOBLMAO made it!(author)2009-09-26

I used this dough for a "normal" pizza, baked it in the middle of the oven on a cookie sheet (with parchment paper) at 400 degrees. The crust turned out moist and fluffy. It tasted a lot like Digiorno brand frozen pizza - very good!

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musicalbee2003 made it!(author)2009-09-15

We are just attempting to slide this into the oven... Ain't gonna happen. It's a formless, sticky mess. Couldn't shape it into a ball, and it sure as heck wasn't going to be tossed anytime soon. What's wrong?

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fetidpants made it!(author)2009-09-14

Does your recipe still come out like a cracker as your first ones did? It seems to me like you use a lot more water than I usually do (I use slightly less than 1:4 ratio, you use 1:2). Also, how well does the gluten develop with your no-knead method? BTW, you can buy vital wheat gluten to give your doughs a little extra protein/stretch if making whole wheat doughs.

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Amzing44 made it!(author)2009-09-02

I've baked pizzas on parchment paper, I roll the dough on the parchment then transfer (carefully) to a preheated pizza pan I have waiting in the oven. Depending on the size I'm making, I either carry (very carefully) by the parchment edges or slide pizza and parchment onto a cutting board and then slide onto the pizza pan in the oven, (I don't have a stone yet)! Great tips, thanks very much Mike!

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theblindferrengi made it!(author)2009-08-31

without the fridge time when u strech the dough it will go back to its original shape somewhat, but after being in the fridge the dough can be shaped far easier, also makes the dough chewey i think

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mikejr02301 made it!(author)2009-08-29

THIS SOUNDS GOOD. sOMETIMES I USE CORN MEAL ON MY PADDLE TO KEEP THE DOUGH FROM sticking. Mike

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devans0 made it!(author)2009-08-29

I finally found a use for the bread machine...Pizza dough!!! I add less water and more flour to get a Chicago style crust. I spend the extra $ for bread machine flour and use extra virgin olive oil for better flavor. We used to use a tile from the local floor/tile depot but upgraded to a deep dish stoneware. It has paid for itself MANY times over, and give much better pizzas than the chains. My quest for the perfect pizza is half over, I have the perfect crust. Now for the perfect toppings...

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dragon0693 made it!(author)2009-08-29

try garlic, Italian sausage, spinach, and a good piazza cheese. a pizza place in Chicago makes it and it is amazing

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Everlong made it!(author)2009-08-28

I haven't tried it yet, but the results looks awesome! You've totally convinced me to buy a pizza stone. and nice job getting on the weekend builder! :)

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whinehurst made it!(author)2009-08-28

Thanks for the positive feedback! This has gone much better than I anticipated; I just wish I knew how to make more stuff so I could write some more instructables.

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bluegoose53 made it!(author)2009-08-27

I use my microwave for a moist warm place to raise any dough. Put 1/2 cup of water in microwave and heat for a minute. Then put the dough in - I normally put a small amount of olive oil in the bottom of the bowl before I put the dough in and then flip the dough which makes a moist top. If you have an over the range type microwave you can turn the night light on and it keeps the microwave cavity nice and toasty.

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osirisbrackhaus made it!(author)2009-08-27

Actually the dough DOES get 'better' by doubling - it's a well known thing called 'mass effect', ie see Suas' advanced bread and pastry. In so far as I understand, the yeast partially creates the environment it thrives in - so the more dough, the less interference from outside sources, the better the yeast can do its work. I think.

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GardensAndCrafts made it!(author)2009-08-27

This sounds very similar to a book I just got called Artisan Bread in 5 minutes a day. I was wondering if it would work well for pizza dough and you confirmed it for me. Thanks for a great instructable. BTW - I love that stone you are using...much better than a traditional one I think.

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sturmey made it!(author)2009-08-27

What's happening is that the yeast is working on the flour and the bubbling action is doing part of the gluten development. Also the yeast does increase in quantity adding to the flavour. This is part of the reason that you don't need a mixer for this recipe. I use a hand mixer and put half the flour in and let that blend for 5 minutes, then I add the rest of the flour and stir in by hand. It speeds the gluten forming process for when I don't plan ahead. Great recipe. Thanks.

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chiguireitor made it!(author)2009-08-27

I think that the "double ingredients" dough thing is because the yeast produces more CO2 and the dough gets softer. However, that's just my opinion :D

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chiguireitor made it!(author)2009-08-27

The 18-24 hours fridge part is very important as i've confirmed in my own experience. The doug gets a lot tastier if this step is done (However, that only applies to anyone that loves the yeast flavor).

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suckrpnch made it!(author)2009-08-27

Have you ever tried milk instead of water? It makes a bit "richer" dough that I think would work well for pizza. I made bread that way and it immediately reminded me of pizza crust. Your end product looks good. I will have to give it a go. I am interested in the baking powder and yeast together...

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TrainingTime made it!(author)2009-08-27

My original thought was "Why would I want to cut out the kneading?" It's one of my favourite bits of making pizza, a chance to work out my aggression on a piece of dough that becomes silky smooth in the process. Also the kneading process is important because it helps the gluten in the flour develop and knit together (almost like chewing gum). This helps trap the tiny bubbles which is what makes for a lovely pizza crust. My theory is that keeping the dough in the fridge overnight (what? wait 18 hours for my pizza???) slows down the action of the yeast, producing smaller bubbles which require less sticky gluten to catch them effectively. But if you ask me, it could never be a good replacement for a good knead and pizza within an hour!

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kerndone made it!(author)2009-08-25

Looks great, I'll be sure to try this recipe the next time I make some dough. One thing I'd like to add is that bread machine or rapid rise yeast is actually instant yeast. After finally finding and purchasing instant dry yeast, I came across some information that explained the different types of yeast. Basically, you can cut out the "proofing" of the yeast and just add it to the flour if you are using bread machine yeast. Simply google "instant yeast and bread machine yeast," if you care to read some info. Thanks for the recipe!

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SinAmos made it!(author)2009-08-24

I was searching for the secret, but I never found it. Is this cracker crust or just regular crust?

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jeff-o made it!(author)2009-08-23

Looks fantastic!

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ravvip0 made it!(author)2009-08-23

agree with Cabe, also do you have any links to clips/instructions that are similar to the Alton Brown ones that you have referred to? Also, how long can you keep the dough in the fridge? Can you freeze it?

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whinehurst made it!(author)2009-08-23

Here are the links to that episode i was talking about: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-BhVPgllLW8http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H_-o0q3a2w4

I've kept the dough in the fridge for up to two weeks, although towards the end of that time period the dough was very elastic and didn't form as many bubbles. As to freezing, I never have, but I imagine if you wrap it up tightly in plastic wrap, then foil, it should keep quite nicely for several months, maybe a year even. Afterward I would thaw completely in the fridge for at least a day before using.

author
Cabe made it!(author)2009-08-23

favoured for excellent recipe and correct use of the word hyperbole.

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