Introduction: NodeMCU MQTT Iot Project - Switch Button

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In this lesson, we will connect a switch button to the NodeMCU ,and send the switch status to a MQTT broker. When the button is pressed, NodeMCU will publish the button status “pressed” to MQTT broker and the MQTT client will subscribe to these messages. When the push button is released, “not pressed” will be sent.

Step 1: Preparation

Picture of Preparation


NodeMCU board x 1

Switch Button x 1

1K resistor x 1

Breadboard x 1

Jumper wires


Arduino IDE(version 1.6.4+)

ESP8266 Board Package and the Serial Port Driver

MQTT Client (MQTTBox here)

Arduino library: PubSubClient

Step 2: Connection Graph

Picture of Connection Graph

In this lesson,we use D2(GPIO4) to control the switch,please setup the hardware according the connection graph.

Note: the 1k resistor is using as a pull down resistor, In such a circuit, when the switch is closed, the NodeMCU input is at a logical high value, but when the switch is open, the pull-down resistor pulls the input voltage down to ground (logical zero value), preventing an undefined state at the input.

Step 3: Code

Picture of Code

Copy the below code to Arduino IDE:

/* ___ ___ ___ _ _ ___ ___ ____ ___ ____
* / _ \ /___)/ _ \| | | |/ _ \ / _ \ / ___) _ \| \ *| |_| |___ | |_| | |_| | |_| | |_| ( (__| |_| | | | | * \___/(___/ \___/ \__ |\___/ \___(_)____)___/|_|_|_| * (____/ * Use the NodeMCU send switch button status to MQTT client via WiFi * Tutorial URL: * CopyRight */ #include #include

int BUTTON_PIN = D2; //button is connected to GPIO pin D1 // Update these with values suitable for your network. const char* ssid = "********";//put your wifi ssid here const char* password = "********";//put your wifi password here. const char* mqtt_server = ""; //const char* mqtt_server = "";

WiFiClient espClient; PubSubClient client(espClient); long lastMsg = 0; char msg[50];

void setup_wifi() { delay(100); // We start by connecting to a WiFi network Serial.print("Connecting to "); Serial.println(ssid); WiFi.begin(ssid, password); while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) { delay(500); Serial.print("."); } randomSeed(micros()); Serial.println(""); Serial.println("WiFi connected"); Serial.println("IP address: "); Serial.println(WiFi.localIP()); }

void callback(char* topic, byte* payload, unsigned int length) { } //end callback

void reconnect() { // Loop until we're reconnected while (!client.connected()) { Serial.print("Attempting MQTT connection..."); // Create a random client ID String clientId = "ESP8266Client-"; clientId += String(random(0xffff), HEX); // Attempt to connect //if you MQTT broker has clientID,username and password //please change following line to if (client.connect(clientId,userName,passWord)) if (client.connect(clientId.c_str())) { Serial.println("connected"); //once connected to MQTT broker, subscribe command if any client.subscribe("OsoyooCommand"); } else { Serial.print("failed, rc="); Serial.print(client.state()); Serial.println(" try again in 5 seconds"); // Wait 5 seconds before retrying delay(5000); } } } //end reconnect()

void setup() { Serial.begin(115200); setup_wifi(); client.setServer(mqtt_server, 1883); client.setCallback(callback); pinMode(BUTTON_PIN,INPUT); }

void loop() { if (!client.connected()) { reconnect(); } client.loop(); long now = millis(); int status; //send message every 2 second if (now - lastMsg > 2000) { lastMsg = now; status=digitalRead(BUTTON_PIN); String msg="Button status: "; if(status==HIGH ) { msg= msg+ "Pressed"; char message[58]; msg.toCharArray(message,58); Serial.println(message); //publish sensor data to MQTT broker client.publish("OsoyooData", message); } else { msg= msg+ " Not Press"; char message[58]; msg.toCharArray(message,58); Serial.println(message); //publish sensor data to MQTT broker client.publish("OsoyooData", message); } } }

Edit the code to fit your own WiFi and MQTT settings as following operations:
1)Hotspot Configration:Find below code line,put your own ssid and password on there.

const char* ssid = “your_hotspot_ssid”;
const char* password = “your_hotspot_password”;

2)MQTT Server Address Setting: You can use your own MQTT broker URL or IP address to set above mqtt_server value. You can also use some famous free MQTT server to test the project such as “”, “” etc.

const char* mqtt_server = “”;

3)MQTT Client Settings
If your MQTT broker require clientID,username and password authentication,you need to change

if (client.connect(clientId.c_str()))


if (client.connect(clientId,userName,passWord)) //put your clientId/userName/passWord here

If not,just keep them as default.
After do that,choose the coresponding board type and port type as below,then upload the sketch to the NodeMCU.

  • Board:”NodeMCU 0.9(ESP-12 Module)”
  • CPU Frequency:”80MHz”Flash Size:”
  • 4M (3M SPIFFS)”
  • Upload Speed:”115200″
  • Port: Choose your own Serial Port for your NodeMCU

Step 4: MQTT Client Settings

Picture of MQTT Client Settings

If you don't know how to config MQTT client, please visit our last article:

Topics Settings:
Topic to publish: OsoyooCommand

Topic to subscribe: OsoyooData

Running Result

Once the upload done,if wifi hotspot name and password setting is ok and MQTT broker is connected, open the Serial Monitor,you will see following result:Keep pressing this button,the Serial Monitor will output “Button status: Pressed” every 2 second;once release this button,the Serial Monitor will output “Button status: Not Pressed” every 2 second.


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