Introduction: NodeMCU Project—Button Control LED

In last lesson,we have learned how to control the LED blink for every second,do you want to control the LED yourself by using a button?In this lesson,we will tell you how to realize it.When pressed the button,the LED was lighten and turn off when released.

Preparation:
NodeMCU x1

Push Button x1

LED x1

10 K ohm Resistor x1

200 ohm Resistor x1

Bread Board x1

PC x1

Step 1: Connection

Picture of Connection

Setup the hardware according the connection graph

Step 2: Code

Copy below code to your Arduino IDE, and choose the corresponding board type and port type for your project,upload the sketch to the NodeMCU.

int ledpin = 5; // D1(gpio5)
int button = 4; //D2(gpio4) int buttonState=0; void setup() { pinMode(ledpin, OUTPUT); pinMode(button, INPUT); } void loop() { buttonState=digitalRead(button); // put your main code here, to run repeatedly: if (buttonState == 1) { digitalWrite(ledpin, HIGH); delay(200); } if (buttonState==0) { digitalWrite(ledpin, LOW); delay(200); } }

After upload done,you will see the program running results:
when the button switch is pressed, LED light up; when the switch is released, the LED goes out.

Step 3: The Expansion Example

After the routine above done, you might think, if we want to turn on the LED in this way, the hand cannot leave button, it is not convenient.How to control the lights as normal , click on the light, then press out? We can improve the program, which can realize the result that will modify the program for the following code, and then uploaded to the NodeMCU controller.

The connection is same as above:

#define LED 5 // D1(gpio5)
#define BUTTON 4 //D2(gpio4) //Let's say you have your push button on pin 4 int switchState = 0; // actual read value from pin4 int oldSwitchState = 0; // last read value from pin4 int lightsOn = 0; // is the switch on = 1 or off = 0

void setup() { pinMode(BUTTON, INPUT); // push button pinMode(LED, OUTPUT); // anything you want to control using a switch e.g. a Led } void loop() { switchState = digitalRead(BUTTON); // read the pushButton State if (switchState != oldSwitchState) // catch change { oldSwitchState = switchState; if (switchState == HIGH) { // toggle lightsOn = !lightsOn; } } if(lightsOn) { digitalWrite(LED, HIGH); // set the LED on } else { digitalWrite(LED, LOW); // set the LED off } }

After the program is compiled and uploaded, you can achieve: click the button to turn on the LED, and then press this button, the LED will be turned off.

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