Introduction: O2 Sensor Tester ( Lambda Sensor)

Picture of O2 Sensor Tester ( Lambda Sensor)

O2 sensors do wear out and eventually need to be replaced. The performance of the O2 sensor tends to diminish with age as contaminants accumulate on the sensor tip and gradually reduce it's voltage. This is caused by substances such as lead, silicone, sulfur, oil ash and even some fuel additives. The sensor may also be damaged by water, road salt, oil and dirt.

The best way to validate a O2 sensor is functioning normally is to check responsiveness to changes in the air/fuel mixture with an oscilloscope. if an oscilloscope is not available, the O2 sensor's output voltage can be read with a scan tool or digital voltmeter, but the transitions are hard to see because the numbers fluctuate quite a bit. And it is another method using LM3914N dot/bar display driver.

Step 1: Parts

Picture of Parts

To build this O2 sensor tester you will need :

1) 1x lm3914N - dot/bar display driver

2) 1x 78L05 - voltage regulator

3) 1x DL4148 - diode

4) 2x 10k variable resistor

5) 3mm led ( green, yellow red)

6) copper board or perforated breadboard

Step 2: PCB Board and Schematic Diagram

Picture of PCB Board and Schematic Diagram

Design printed circuit board (PCB), I was used ,,Sprint-Layout" software.

Step 3: Final Testing

Picture of Final Testing

A good O2 sensor should produce an oscillating waveform at idle that makes voltage transitions from near minimum (0.1 v) to near maximum (0.9v). Making the fuel mixture artificially rich by feeding propane into the intake manifold should cause the sensor to respond almost immediately (1/10 sec) and go to maximum (0.9v) output. Creating a lean mixture by opening a vacuum line should cause the sensor output to drop to its minimum (0.1v) value. A sensor that does not react quickly should be replaced.

Comments

JanR105 (author)2017-08-14

Yes, how do you calibrate with those variable resistors ?

RimvydasP (author)JanR1052017-08-15

With power supply and multimeter. Set power supply to for egzample 0.5V and measure with multimeter and adjust resistors to 0.5V output. But you had calibrate from 0.1V - 0.9V step by step.

discostu956 (author)2017-03-18

Interesting, would be quite useful I reckon. So this evens out the oscillations to give a readable output? How do you go about the adjustment with the variable resistor?

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