Picture of One Leg Therapy Stool Autism
My son has occupational therapy and they have been using a one leg stool to help him with his self regulation. He has high functioning Autism.  It seems to help him with his focus. He used to spend a bunch of time fidgeting while doing homework. Great tool.

Step 1: Materials

Picture of Materials
1. Thrift store pair of crutches $3 (kid size for this project)

2. 1/2" pipe flanges (2 since I did 2 stools. I figured I would never use the other crutch otherwise)

3. 1/2" pipe threaded both ends (cut in half for 2)

4. #12 wood screws (I bought 1" but should have got 3/4". I had to cut them down) or carriage bolts.

5. #8 self tap sheet metal screws. Or you can drill through and use a nut and bolt.

6. 3/4" birch plywood. This is the nice stuff used for making cabinets. Any piece of sturdy wood would probably work just fine.
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I'm sorry if this is rude, but how does it help them stop fidgeting?
The nature of the stool requires them to use some additional concentration otherwise they fall off. My experience has seen success with adding heavy work to boring routines or attention specific steps.
I love this! My eldest son (7 y.o.) has Autism and I can definitely see how he could benefit from this Instructable (provided he doesn't use it to knock his siblings over the head). :) Congratulations, sir! You earned it!
THANKS SO MUCH! My little brother has autism and I bet he would love this! Mabey some day me and my other little brother could make this as a B-day present.
I rember my brother while he was doing his home work at the kitchen counter, I was eating(I am 4 years older than him so I do my homework right when I get home) and he would jump up yelling. I belive this is a normal action. He loves odd chairs (I have a egg chair that I let him sit in) so again he would love this!
It is not that hard of a project. He may like it. All 3 of my kids like these stools. And yes the jumping and yelling are par for the course in our house too.
Londonbrig03 years ago
Do you think this would help with pain from slouching in a normal chair all day? I'm looking for a cheap alternative to those ergonomic kneeling chairs, and I think this has potential.
couchchangeracing (author)  Londonbrig03 years ago
Actually yes. This would be similar to the ergo ball type seats. It will force your core to get more strong. It may not be viable for all day use but worth a try.
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Interesting and great approach. Good use of the crutch leg.

I'm wondering, does the thought of staying balanced keep you focused? Or is it that you can't put both legs up, or you would fall?

Awesome, but it looks like a hassle to store. Ideally it would go upside down, but with that one leg protruding, its kind of awkward. How are you keeping this when not in use?
I know from experience that any inconvenience caused by equipment/toys and other items fades into insignificance when the child is "engaging" in some activity. It is vital that the activity is repeated as often as possible, without trying to use the old ploy "It's good for you" any child who needs constant involvement does not and probably never will "get It". Use the leg-stool for any sit down activity. Try another item. Twirling. please try anything and everything. Merry Christmas to you 2011
All of the above. The balance required not only makes you use your core strength but it puts other parts of your brain in action. An added benefit is if he decides to mess around or not stay focused he tips over.

Storage is the same as his old chair, we just slide it under the desk (upside down of course).
I'm not even autistic and this would help. :-) A little distraction can work wonders for concentration.

Great build!
couchchangeracing (author)  Darwinfish4 years ago
Not only that but if you lose that concentration you fall. I like to use a balance ball when I am tired and working on the computer.
jasybella123 years ago
This is one of the most informative information I've read. It really helps a lot. Thanks for sharing this and teaching some of your Idea's. granite delaware de

couchchangeracing (author)  jasybella123 years ago
craftyv4 years ago
Has anybody tried this yet? I mean of those who commented and liked it before christmas.
NOTE: None of these activities work in isolation so please don't expect an instant improvement. The brain requires a repeat activity in order for any changes to occur and when this is compounded by "other" activities" will have a profound effect. I also recommend that you don't treat it as "therapy" rather as just something that you do in your world (family). May I also recommend something physical such as swimming, jogging, gymnastics, dance, and so on. Not a team sport and most definitaly NOT for competition. Simply movement and activity no matter how limited and/ or short term will have a cumulative effect. I am happy to answer any questions on these matters, so good luck. NOTE: As a private person with a great deal of experience in these matters.
couchchangeracing (author)  craftyv3 years ago
Thanks for the input.
amazing... its really best for therapy. thanks for your great ideas....

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Thanks for checking it out.
JasminGul3 years ago
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sergiocau4 years ago
Hi couchchangeracing, i'm a student and i'm doing a work about therapy objects for autism, and your chair is very interesting, can you say me what's it's purpose? it's because it's easier to him to sit?
thank you!
couchchangeracing (author)  sergiocau4 years ago
It is more of a focus tool. Since he needs to keep his balance while sitting it helps focus on homework etc.
hammer98764 years ago
Very interesting. I bought a big ball for core strengthening while sitting at the computer, but as I sit at an "L" shaped desk, that didn't work out as there is not enough room. There is plenty of space for this. Thank you for the idea. I think I would like a bit of padding, though. On the top for my backside and the sides so when it falls over, it won't clatter so much or dent my flooring. (No carpeting.)
hammer9876, your comment about added padding makes me think that the large saddle-like bicycle seats (which are already designed to be sat upon comfortably) might be a perfect fit for this. It seems like there is a wide selection of shapes, sizes, gels, springs, and foams; They usually incorporate some front to back angle adjustment and are made for attachment to a piece of tubing, either adjustable like in this 'ible, or a custom length from plumbing pipe.

This is a neat idea, made even more interesting by it's original purpose.
exactly- this is a brilliant idea! - we'll see if it helps with my concentration "deficiency" and my first thought was a unicycle saddle-seat and making it tall enough for a "standing desk" -or having two heights- one for seat and one for desk...though penmanship might suffer.
I also wonder about a "tractor seat"
couchchangeracing - fantastic! thanks
my dad made these for dining on the porch.. i think he just used galvanized pipe with a simple cap on the end. not adjustable, but easy to have cut at the hardware store. also, dad, mom and i are all pretty much the same height, so no problem there. by the way, some of the most comfortable seats i have ever used.
couchchangeracing (author)  mkslocomb4 years ago
That sounds like an idea for summer, thanks for the heads up.
couchchangeracing (author)  hammer98764 years ago
That is funny I thought about padding. In this instance the firm top is a good solid foundation for him. We did homework together on them yesterday (I have two). If I were to use it for any length of time for me padding would get added.
You could make a 12" kids bike tire into a nice durable edge for this stool. I have seen them in many colors.
grogg344 years ago
As mentioned a week or so ago I seen your instructable and the next day I found a seniors walker at the Thrift shop for $4 to use for the leg post (can make 4 if I wanted to now). I had heard about these seats a few years ago and googled them at he time. There were also some with rectangle seats. Your post gave us the boost in the butt to make one for our active 7-year-old using your instructable. I found the rubber bottoms at the local hardware store ("rubber leg tips" they were called - came in sets of 4 for about $5). I also upholstered it using a chunk of foam and upholstery fabric and a carpenters staple gun. Son has just started using it in the classroom and we'll see over time what his teacher reports (everyone thinks it is pretty darn cool). Thanks again.
couchchangeracing (author)  grogg344 years ago
That is awesome. I hope it works out for him. Thank you for posting the pictures. You took it to the next level with the padding. I may go back and add padding to ours.
Thanks for the instructable! As someone prone to distractions, I think this will be very helpful in my office work. The balance ball was a no go. too much fun to bounce and roll on.
couchchangeracing (author)  distractable4 years ago
Yeah, I had the same problem with a ball
craftyv4 years ago
For those who don't know much about this topic. By having a balance stool the brain unconsciously compensates as the "wobble" begins and new neuro pathways are developed which aids with spacial understanding. Ie. where we are in time and space. Very un-scientific but I hope it helps.
couchchangeracing (author)  craftyv4 years ago
Good way to describe it. The brain with autism has all sorts of interesting wiring differences. In our case Nate has great gross motor skills, i.e. he can dribble a basket ball with both hands; but his fine motor skills are a struggle. He has a lot of trouble writing and getting his fingers to do what his brain tells them. This stool helps with the whole integration of his mental processes while doing homework.
My son used one of these briefly at his school, not for autism, but for mild ADD. I think the point was to keep him focused and alert. He quickly learned how to daydream on it, and then how to put his feet up on his regular chair, while balancing on the new stool. Eventually, we resolved the issue with a shot glass full of coffee with his breakfast and placement in a gifted and talented program. The accelerated curriculum keeps him focused.
We have had the same experience with many different types of educational avenues. Some work now and not later, some work for a long time, some work for a short period of time and some don't work at all. It is a constant push to keep one step ahead of his adapting brain.
My 9 year old daughter is Dyspraxic, would it help her?
Dear Scrappymood. As you know Dyspraxia is a word that represents more than one thing and presents itself differently with everyone. The current thinking is "brain plasticity" which is, in simple terms, the development of new neural pathways to counteract the ones that are not responding adequately. May I suggest that you read up about this subject and a good place to start is an author named Dr.Norman Doidge. Another tip is to try any type of balance "games". Even the Wii Fit that involves balance, can be great.
I hope you keep searching as there is not one answer to this type of problem but try everything and believe in yourself and your child.
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