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One Minute Mayonnaise

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video One Minute Mayonnaise
A haiku;

OH Deliciousness
How I long for thee, Mayo.
Super emulsion.

Besides the obvious fact that mayonnaise is the KING of condiments, store bought mayonnaise is normally loaded with preservatives and crap (not to mention expensive). In order to avoid the soy by-products and modified (hydrogenated) corn/soy oils you need to go organic. Who wants to spend $10 on a little jar of organic mayonnaise? Not I.

Science you say?

Technically, mayonnaise is an emulsion (or in cooking terms an emolient). An emulsion is a mixture of two dissimilar liquids. Generally speaking, a mixture of polar and non-polar liquid molecules forms an emulsion. i.e oil and water. In the case of mayonnaise, we are mixing a non-polar oil with a polar acid (i.e lemon juice, wine vinaigre, balsamic, etc). You will notice that mayonnaise doesn't come out of the jar separated into its base components. It arrives as a white, creamy delicious spread. In order to prevent an emulsion from separating we need to use an emulsifier.

Enter the EGG! Egg yolks contain lecithin. Lecithin is the powerful emulsifier and thickener that is responsible for a number of culinary crimes including boiled custards (bleck!!). Lecithin is an example of a phospholipid. Phospholips contain both a polar AND a non-polar end. This means that it can play nicely with oil AND water at the same time. Emulsifiers stabilize emulsions by surrounding both the polar AND non-polar molecules in a warm fuzzy embrace (Well not quite, but it helps prevent separation...just like hugs)

The egg whites contain albumen, which is an extraordinary example of a protein. This protein when whipped can slowly unfold itself and increase in volume by up to 8 times their original volume. (substantially reduced volume in the presence of any fat mind you.)

Follow along noble foodies, you are about to enter Sandwich Nirvana


Ingredients

Classic French Mayonnaise

2 tsp of white wine vinegar
1 egg yolk (or whole egg, your choice)
1 cup of neutral oil
1/2 tsp of salt

I like to add a squirt of Dijon mustard, it adds an extra something-something that really "kicks it up a notch". Don't get all held up on the types of oils and acids. This will work with any oil and any acid. Try mixing white and red wine vinegar. I like to add more acid than strictly necessary (up to a whole lemon, but this might be too much for most people), as I like a really tangy mayonnaise. Just start with 2 tsp to see how you like it though. Live a little and experiment you can always whisk in some more at the end.

Aioli

I don't care what you say. Mixing Hellman's and garlic is not freaking aioli. To be perfectly snooty, aioli is ONLY aioli when the mayonnaise is made with lemon juice, crushed garlic, salt and a good peppery extra virgin olive oil. Add some pepper if you are cheap like me and can't afford the good olive oil. Use the above recipe but substitute the neutral oil with the olive oil, throw in a minced and crushed clove of garlic, and only use lemon juice. Seriously, try it.

Other amazing mayo combinations

  • Lime and Cilantro (heavenly with grilled sea-bass or a tar-tar replacement)
  • Lemon (some zest as well please) and shallot. (You MUST try this with roasted veggies)
  • Dill, Lemon, and a touch of sugar
  • Dill Aioli (an awesome tar-tar sauce replacement)
  • Chipolte, cumin, garlic.
  • Wasabi Mayonnaise with grilled tuna, salmon or beef.
  • Horseradish mayo with rare roast beef.
  • Add some sugar, replace vinegar with water (or brandy), and vanilla for a fruit dip.

It is pretty easy to just make a basic mayo recipe and then blend in the above ingredients to taste in small batches. When it comes to garlic, I find it works best if you mash it, crush it, and mince it before you blend it. It mixes in more evenly this way.


The method
There are a number of traditional/common methods of making mayonnaise. Generally, they are time consuming, frustrating and generally a PITA to do and clean up (i,e a whisk and bowl, or a food processor) .

Follow my directions, and you can have mayonnaise in one minute flat.

  1. Add ALL of the oil to immersion blender pitcher
  2. Add the seasonings, flavorings and any extra's
  3. Very very gently add the egg. You want to keep it all in one piece
  4. Submerge the immersion blender right to the bottom (gently now)
  5. Pulse 2-3 times for 1-3 seconds. This will get the emulsion going.
  6. Slowly bring the immersion blender to the surface pulsing all the way.
  7. Really give it a good blend now.

Tightly covered mayonnaise should last 7-10 days. The fat picks up the smells in the fridge after a while, which spoils it.

Done!
Gosh, I added everything together in a jar, 2 tsp of lemon juice, 1 cup of olive oil, 1 small egg, and 1/2 of salt. I must not have waited for the emulsion because it's just a liquid mixture after about three different 2 minute intervals of electric hand mixing. Is there a way to save this, or do I have to start from scratch? And what's the key to emulsion so this doesn't happen to me again?
bowow08073 years ago
hey can i use a blender for this? and i can get some preservatives at a nearby store where i live so can i add those as well to extend the shelf life of the mayo?
jskingry3 years ago
Took 2 eggs for mine to thicken up, I only used one cup of oil, still wondering what I did wrong?
timbit1985 (author)  jskingry3 years ago
Did you use a hand wand blender? Did you pulse it a couple of times first to allow the mayo emulsion to start? What kind of oil did you use? What kind of container did you use? What kind of acid did you use, and how much?

Some people find that the optimal ratio is 1 egg to 3/4 cup of oil (that is what Julia child suggests), which ends with a thicker product. Also, if your egg was really old or not of a good quality this could affect it. Seed oils like sesame, walnut, avocado etc don't work well. I like to mix coconut fat (the cheaper the better, as the cheap stuff has a more neutral flavour) and olive oil.

At the end of the day, cooking can be a fickle beast, who is to say what happened. Using the hand wand, with good fresh ingredients (I only ever use organic farm fresh eggs), and being gentle with the ingredients always works for me.

timbit1985 (author)  timbit19853 years ago
If you use a food processor, you have to whip the eggs for 10-30 seconds first, then add a touch of oil, 1 drop at a time. Once the emulsion starts forming THEN you can slowly add a slow steady stream (not a river) of oil. The method I presented only works with a hand-wand, because the enclosed area at the bottom of the hand-want forms a micro environment (it is separated from the rest of the jar) which allows the emulsion to start forming. Cottonseed oil shouldn't be a problem, as it is commonly used in dressings for it's very stable flavour profile.
Using a food processor with cottonseed oil, what I had on hand. Yes I did pulse it a few times first. Lemon Juice as the acid, half a lemon squeezed into it.
embochner3 years ago
incredible, thanks
timbit1985 (author)  embochner3 years ago
You are most welcome. I am glad you enjoyed it. Mayonaise is one of my secret vices. I also make a mean sauerkraut, mixing this mayo with sauerkraut, Canadian Swiss and a home-made Rye Sourdough is absolute heaven. Those are actually next one my list of 'ibles to complete. You can probably tell, but I am an unabashed foodie.
Id like that Sauerkraut recipe if you don't mind. Is on instructables?
timbit1985 (author)  embochner3 years ago
It isn't on instructables yet, but i;m sure you could find something that works. I just made a huge batch, and stupidly didn't document it. It is quick and easy.

1) Shred a hole head of cabbage and a carrot. Make sure to get a juicy one (should feel heavy for its weight) a typical 2-3 lb cabbage should pack into a 1qt mason jar.
2)Salt your cabbage. I like to add about 1tbs per 3 lbs. It should be really salty but not revolting. Start with less, and adjust to taste.
3) Let your cabbage sit for 5 minutes after salting, then get your hands in there and squeeze it.
4) pack your juicy cabbage into a mason jar with a spoon. The juices shoulder cover the top of the cabbage. I like to put cloves of garlic, a couple onion slices and a chilli pepper in the bottom of my jar. Fennel seed is nice as well.
5) Cover with a cap and ring, but not too tightly.
6)Check your sourkraut every day, you should see bubbles by day 2. CAREFULLY release the pressure each day (in the sink, unless you want cabbage juice on your ceiling.)
7) Test for sourness each day, once it is sour enough, throw it in the fridge. Its ready to go.

SIRJAMES093 years ago
Mr.Timbit;
I shall be looking forward to seeing them....just for the record, I printed out the mayo thingy....8=D
Nirgal383 years ago
I use a similar method for making mayonnaise. Since I showed my wife how easy this is, we haven't purchased a jar of the manufactured stuff since. When she found out that, ounce for ounce, it costs about half as much, she was definitely hooked.

I very, VERY much like your inclusion of the science behind the recipe. Anyone can post a recipe but it takes a certain talent to explain it in depth. I also like the humor and poetry.

A remarkable effort all around. Well done!
timbit1985 (author)  Nirgal383 years ago
Thank you for your kind comments. I am not sure if it is cheaper when using high quality extra virgin olive oil though, as that stuff gets pricey. I buy a gallon jug of decent quality virgin olive oil from Costco, and it makes a nice aioli. To be honest though, I think making mayo with expensive oil is a waste of beautiful oil. I'd much rather enjoy a nice olive oil in a vinaigrette or as a drizzle on top of fresh tomatoes and buffalo mozzarella (or some other sort of fresh mozza), or on top of a carrot coriander soup, but then again I am a bit of a purist.

Tim Temple3 years ago
Just remember, mayonnaise and electricity don't mix. It needs to be made in air with a neutral electric charge. VanDeGraffs, Tesla coils and thunder storms will wreak havoc on Mayonnaise. Now don't try this experiment at home. LOL
timbit1985 (author)  Tim Temple3 years ago
I have heard this, but I think it is pure superstition. I have made all sorts of emolients in all sorts of weather (including thundershowers) and I just don't think it is true. I have made mayo, souffle's, meringue etc in all sorts of conditions and never had a problem. I think that blaming the weather is a way to soothe ones failures.

As an aside, I have been told by an old french woman that a woman during her period can't make mayo or whip eggs whites lol!
SIRJAMES093 years ago
I think I died & went to Heaven!!!!! Now I know how to make mayo!!!!!

TY So much for sharing!!!! you are now my favorite person of the month!!! LOL

seriously, I never knew how to make mayo, but thanks to you, now I know. 8=D
timbit1985 (author)  SIRJAMES093 years ago
You are most welcome. I must mention though that this method flies in the face of all that is french. Your french bistro go-ers may thumb their nose if they find out you make it this way...but if you don't tell them they won't know :)
We try not to use egg white in making mayo. Wonder how tofu would work in stead of an egg. Using a hard boiled egg for safety reasons might be interesting..