# Optical Illusion - Mysterious Black Dots

This optical illusion is a variation on the previous optical illusion with the gray ghosts appearing in the intersections of the black grid.

We still have a black grid here, but now the lines are gray and there are white circles in the intersections. Have a look and try to count all of the black dots you see.
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## Step 1: What black dots?

The black dots you see don't really exist. Whenever you try and look at one directly, it will disappear. I don't know why this happens as I haven't found a good explanation for it. Feel free to let me know if you have any insight into the comments.

The goal of this Instructable is to show you how to quickly recreate such a grid with a graphics program. You can then make some variations of your own.

To start with we'll want a gray background. Lock this or put it on another layer and then start making your building block.

## Step 2: Building block, pt. 1

We want to have a clean grid so that we're not distracted from the illusion by an uneven pattern.

To start, make a black square and make two identical smaller squares of another color. Attach these squares to the right and bottom of the black square.

These smaller squares will determine how wide the lines between the black squares are and are a guide for all the copying we'll be doing.

Now group the squares and let's go.

## Step 3: Copy and paste

Copy the group and paste it directly to the right of the original group so that the small square just touches both black squares.

Now select all of the squares, copy them, and paste them directly below the first group. Use the little squares as a guide again to keep the distance consistent.

The results should look like the image below.

## Step 4: Add a white circle

Create a white circle that fits right inside the intersection of the four black squares. This will take a bit of fidgeting to get the size and placement right, but make sure it fits well.

## Step 5: Finish the building block

Delete everything but the original three squares and the white circle. You have now finished making the basic building block of this grid.
doglogs5 years ago
these are always fun.
for further enrichment via a tangible, print-source, check out the book "The Mind's Past" by Michael S. Gazzaniga. That's right, pimping a real live book on the internet! It can be read in parts online on google books-HERE-> http://books.google.com/books?id=pbbmsc-jZa8C&dq=the+mind%27s+past&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=qbr3xN9hzI&sig=cVNpfipbMCaKvLD0u1Mqtyg-nLs&hl=en&ei=XvwCSo_gOp3CmQe3mKHtBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3#PPP1,M1

Chapter 4 is particularly relevant to this instructable.
Thanks for the heads up on the html
samirsky5 years ago
This is easy to create with a few lines of script using the free software Context Free Art
Eelcov5 years ago
This is really weird, but very interesting, thanks!
Plasmana5 years ago
Haha! I first thought the grid has programed flashing dots until I realize I was actually chasing them... lol
smurfsahoy5 years ago
It's pretty complicated to explain. I'm a psych PHD, and I don't entirely understand it, even after reading a lot just now and having taken perception courses (I don't do vision stuff at all, though, of course). Basically, all of the theories out there right now have one thing in common, though - they all agree that this is an illusion caused by one or more of various systems our nervous system uses to try and detect edges better. Edges are immensely important to people, because they help us perceive the shape of an object, and the boundaries of an object, so we have evolved a visual system that is not only good at seeing them, but actually goes out of its way to make the edges MORE visible than they are in real life. This enhancement goes too far, sometimes, though, causing us to see false edges, like in the illusion. Then it's downhill from there in terms of details. I always learned it was opponent cells, but meh.
samando5 years ago
you probably already knew this, but this is called a hermann grid
FeedTheGrid5 years ago
Nice. Explains a lot of artistic magic / science; like when looking back and forth from the eyes for a few seconds and then to the mouth on the Mona Lisa.
Speedmite5 years ago
OMG!!!! Where did they come from? Aliens?