Introduction: Otto DIY+ Arduino Bluetooth Robot Easy to 3Dprint
Truly open source nature of Otto allows open STEAM education, we collect feedback from different workshops and schools around the world that are already using Otto DIY in their classroom and depending of the openness of this educational places we organize the lesson material and share as well, some people are teaching electronics explaining the connections with fritzing and the physics behind, other code with Arduino then github, other to create open source APPs in app inventor, others how to customize with arts &crafts, other how to design 3d models with accessories for Otto with tinkerCAD or Fusion 360.
Otto DIY + is the improved and advanced version of original #OttoDIY, the idea is to have the same base features DIY robot + Bluetooth control and programming + metal gear servo motors + rechargeable + changing modes by touch sensor + sound sensor + light moves + other outputs +...?
Otto DIY+ is a forever BETA!, develop by a broad community of Otto builders, recommend to first check all documentation for Otto DIY and then you can try to play with more advanced features with Otto DIY+
The exciting part is that we are doing open development with makers and hackers around the world so we are open to ideas, not only from expert,s you can join us with , feedback, social share, testing or any other contribution that you might think of.
Step 1: Electronic Parts and Tools
Is important to read first Otto DIY previous instructable
Get all 3D print STL parts, codes and libraries for Bluetooth by quickly signing up here
1 × Arduino Nano
1 × HC-06 or HC-05 Bluetooth module
1 × Arduino Nano Shield I/O; you could use a mini breadboard but much more cable work
1 × USB-A to Mini-USB Cable
4 × Micro servo MG90s(metal)
1 × Buzzer 10 × Female/Female Jumper Wires
1 × 3.7 V LiPo Battery
3 × Touch sensor
1 × sound sensor
1 × 8x8mm Micro Switch Self lock On/Off
1 × Dot matrix display MAX7219 (optional for the LED mouth)
1 × Phillips Screwdriver
1 x 3d printer (or use 3dhubs)
Step 2: 3D Print Settings
- Recommended to use a FDM 3D printer with PLA material.
- No need supports or rafts at all.
- Resolution: 0.15mm
- Fill density 20%
Need to adjust size some changes use the source file made in http://bit.ly/2oNcoUlAutodesk Fusion 360
or use this customizer https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2457865
Step 3: Build Your Own Otto
in the following pictures you can have a reference of how to build Otto DIY+, due some new versions drawings are not exactly the same for the most updated instruction manual here
Step 4: main Code for Bluetooth
Otto needs to be ready to receive command through Bluetooth and for that with need to put the main code inside his brain (VERY IMPORTANT: for programming rduino nano the Bluetooth module must be disconnected otherwise Arduino IDE wont be able to upload de code because the communication ports are busy)
- Copy Otto libraries into the Arduino IDE folder
- Upload OttoDIYAPP_122.ino sketch to Otto
- Install the APP .apk in your android phone
- Enable Bluetooth
- Touch on find Otto and pair the Bluetooth address /name
- You should be able now to use the APP to control Otto
- You can also change the mode with the app at any time and play with the new features and if doesn't you might need to reconfigure your BT but do not worry is also easy ;)
Step 5: APP
The APP is still under BETA too but is functional. So for any issue or question please join this group
You can make your own APP! download the latest .APK here
using app inventor by MIT use our template to modify and create your own mobile application
Or because Otto is also compatible with Zowi you can use BQ APP
Download the official "Zowi App" from bq
Install and open Zowi app for android, pair the device and ignore the warning message that says the code is modified or something.
Step 6: Code Your Own Otto
So to this point you should have an Otto 3D printed, assembled, now some programming to have libraries and Arduino installed in your PC.
The easiest to code your own Otto is by using MBlock 3 software; graphical programming with scratch language interface in Arduino mode. watch these simple tutorial to learn how to install the Otto extension blocks and follow this easy and simple instruction of how to install and setup for your computer
Step 7: Copy, Expand, Customize,modify, Remix and Share!
Use #OttoDIY #Ottobuilder #OttoDIYPLUS for social media
- 3d print accessories
- Custom labels
- Noise detector
- LED nose
- LED matrix mouth
- change rduino for ESP 8266
- change arduino for raspberry PI
- Voice controlled
- Laser cut version
- and the list will continue...
Step 8: Adding the Matrix (optional)
Many #ottobuilders like to imitate Zowi as much as possible so Jason Snow, modified the libraries and added new codes to make this possible using a MAX 7219 LED MATRIX and represent emotions and gestures Matrix codes in Github https://github.com/OttoDIY/Matrix_hands
copy all the files in the Library folder to the Arduino IDE Library folder
The code is based on the Zowi code, modified for Otto DIY PLUS
- you need pull-down resistors on the button pins............10K ohm
- you will need a link between A7 and +5 volt to fool low battery warnings The modified OTTO main program is inside the OTTO_LEDMATRIX folder, ensure you are using the latest version of the Arduino IDE. The modified ZOWI main program is inside the ZOWI_BASE_v2_MATRIX folder, Also ensure you use all the modified libraries in the ZOWI folder here.
Step 9: Bluetooth (BT) Setup (only If Pairing Not Successful):
This setup is ONLY needed for modules that don't come with the standard baud rate of 9600, how to know? just try first the code and the APP here https://github.com/OttoDIY/PLUS/tree/master/APP if the phone doesn't pair with Otto or respond to commands, then probably means your module is in a different baud rate so need to be configured
The BT code(OTTO_BT_easy.ino and OTTO_BT.ino) has 115200 baud-rate so BTmodule must match that speed to be able to communicate with Arduino Nano via serial interface(UART) .
For HC-05: 38400 or 115200
1. Upload the sketch HC05_BT_config.ino to your Nano first, then disconnect Nano from USB.
2. Now connect BT to Nano as shown in diagram but do not connect VCC.
TX - RX
RX - TX
VCC - 5V
GND - GND
3. Plug in the USB to Nano and then connect VCC so BT enters AT mode. LED on BT should start to blink slower, about once every 2 seconds. (If this doesn't work, try holding the button on BT module while connecting VCC).
Open serial monitor in IDE, set baud-rate to 9600 and line ending to Both NL & CR.
Type AT then press enter; (if everything is right, BT should respond with OK and then enter following commands:
AT+NAME=Zowi "setting the name"
AT+PSWD=1234 "pairing password"
AT+UART=115200,1,0 "baud rate"
AT+POLAR=1,0 "enabling STATE pin to be used as reset for programming arduino over BT"
Now go to the APP step
If any problem check this instructable of how to Modify the HC-05 Bluetooth Module Defaults Using AT Commands
For HC-06: 9600 or 115200
For HC-06 BT module things are a little simpler because module is always in AT command mode when not connected to anything. But the downside is that HC-06 module cannot be used to upload sketches to Arduino because it doesn't have reset. For configuring the module
1. upload this sketch HC06_BT_config.ino to your Nano
1. disconnect USB
2. connect BT module to Nano like this:
TX - RX
RX - TX
VCC - 5V
GND - GND
3. Power on your Nano and after about 10-15 seconds everything should be finished and your BT should be configured (LED13 should start blinking).
If any problem check this instructable https://www.instructables.com/id/Tutorial-Using-HC...
We have a be nice policy.
Please be positive and constructive.
When I try to use Block with the OttoDIY extension, code works fine but there is a continuous 'screech' sound all the time from the buzzer. I noticed that this:
is in the Arduino code shown in MBLock Arduino mode.
What is causing this horrible sound?
How do I remove it?
mmm not sure i just have gentle beeps to inform that actually Otto is being programmed and then to know that has been successful upload he will make connection sounds you can just disconnect the buzzer while programming if is annoying for you
Answering my own query: I had buzzer leads on wrong pins. ;-)
OTTO_BT.ino doesn't seem to exist on the Github repository anymore. What is the correct sketch to install now?
i just updated the instructable just created a new sketh much easier for APP control and even programming
if arduino works 5v to 12 v, how otto use only 3,7v batery?
my otto don't do nothing.
Need 2 of them in series to have 7.4V or use a step up circuit