PCB Making Guide

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Introduction: PCB Making Guide

There are many ways to make your own homemade PCB's, They all work, but some better than other, some faster than other, ones are cheap and others expensive....
After several attempts, i found the way of making PCB's, wich is the cheapest, easiest and fastest for me.

I hope this instructable will help you to decide what's the best method for you, because there are so many to choose.

Step 1: Materials

Formaking the circuit you will need:
-A copper board.
-The design printed with a LASER printer on glossy paper, antiadhesive oven paper works the best!
-An iron or a laminator.
-The etching solution (Hydrochloric acid + Hydrogen peroxide).
-a plastic flat container.
-Steel wool or fine sandpaper.
-Acetone.
-A Dremel for the trough-hole components.
-The components.
-A soldering iron.

Step 2: The Board

Firstly, cut a piece of board with the size of the circuit plus abot 3mm per side.
Then scratch the surface with some sandpaper to make better the toner transfer.

Step 3: Toner Transferring

Place the paper with the circuit design on the board and make sure it fits and there isn't toner out the board.
Then fold the paper wrapping the piece and hold it together with tape.
Iron the toner side for about a minute or slide it 10-15 times in a laminator.

Step 4: Removing the Paper

Put the circuit under the tap and wet it until the paper softens. then rub it off to expose the toner circuit.

Step 5: Etching

The etching is the most important step, so do it carefully.
First, fill the container with the etching solution (in my case Hydrochloric acid + Hydrogen peroxide).
Place the circuit floating in the solution with the copper facing down.
Check the circuit each minute to see how it goes.
When the last copper trace disappears, dry the circuit to stop the acid action.

Step 6: Cleaning the Board

Rirst, remove the toner with acetone. Then you can polish the copper to give it  better appearance.
Clean the polish and the remain toner with a paper moisten in acetone.

Step 7: Drilling the Holes

If you're using trough-hole components as me, you'll need to make holes in your PCB. Learn how to do your own LED ring here: https://www.instructables.com/id/Make-your-own-LED-ring-for-dremel/
With a Dremel equipped with a fine drill bit, drill the holes for all the components.
Then, with a round tip mill, make "funnels" to make easier intalling the components.

Step 8: Final Steps

Tin all the parts where a component is going to be soldered. Then solder all the components in place and clean the remaining flux or resin.

If you liked my instructable, please vote me for the Laser Epilog challenge.

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    98 Comments

    hello,how can I cover the tracks by solder (painting) Electrically using Acid

    How did you choose the PCB? I mean how much current can it withstand? how to choose the proper one?

    Hi and thanks for your help
    I have a problem with finding the right paper for this project . Do you have a brand or model number of paper you have used that works well. I am using the Iron on method with MG Chemicals Ferric Chloride etch

    I use either smooth glossy parchement paper (not easy to find) or i just buy adhesive paper rolls. The backing they come with is very good for toner ransfer, as the toner comes off extremely easy. No need to wet the paper after ironing, just peeling it off is enough.

    Hi and thanks for your help
    I have a problem with finding the right paper for this project . Do you have a brand or model number of paper you have used that works well. I am using the Iron on method with MG Chemicals Ferric Chloride etch

    Hi,

    Inkjet printer will not work (different kind of toner/paint, different way of printing etc.). Only laser.
    Etching solutions is usually available at local electric shops (where normal components are available: resistors, leds or even plain PCB boards). Note that it is not available for on-line orders in most countries due to postage restrictions.

    Do you know if bubble jet ink will work?

    Thanks

    I think it won't, tones is a polymer composite that melts onto the paper during the printing (or transfer) process, ink doesn't work that way.

    Thanks a lot! It was really geniune. I was looking for a copper board to buy; Is there any thickness recommended??