Posted in WorkshopHome-renovation

Introduction: PVC URINALS

About: I'm a refugee from Los Angeles, living in backwoods Puerto Rico for about 35 years now and loving it. I built my own home from discarded nylon fishnet and cement.

We all have to pee sometime. Some go behind a bush. Some use a toilet and flush 5 gallons of water down the drain every time they pull the handle.

In this instructable I will introduce you to a simple alternative, one that uses less water than a flush toilet. Water is a resource that is becoming scarcer over time; one that we should conserve better.

PVC, polyvinyl chloride, is a thermoplastic. It softens with heat and hardens up again when it cools. It is easily available in most hardware stores in the form of pipe, and is not very expensive. Considering all the things one can make out of it, I would even call it cheap.

You will find several different urinal designs here. Grab a glass of your favorite beverage and read on.


The basic urinal is composed of a cup to catch the urine, an "S" shaped piece of 1/2 inch diameter pipe that conducts the urine to the ground, and a buried 5 gallon bucket. The inverted bucket creates an air chamber. The urine enters the air chamber and filters into the ground.

The "S" bend in the pipe creates a small reservoir that holds the last of the flush water. This is the same as the trap under a sink. It prevents vapors from beyond the water reservoir from rising in the pipe and smelling up the room. The system is basically odorless.


This is the first urinal I made. For my first 8 years I lived in a 12 X 16 ft. plywood cabin. Facilities were primitive and outdoors. When it rained, that was a slight problem, one which inspired this indoor solution.

I keep a bottle of water beside the urinal. When it comes time to flush it only takes about a cup of water or less. I repeat: a cup of water or less.

The plywood room has now been incorporated into the larger cement structure, and other urinals have been incorporated into the design, both indoors and outdoors. You never have to run far to take care of business.

Note how the large pipe which is the cup was cut and heat formed to adapt to the 1/2 inch drain pipe. I used a paste epoxy to seal any leaks.


This is one of the outdoor urinals. The lid helps to keep leaves out of it. Plus, it was fun to make the hinge; a piece of stainless steel welding rod going through a sleeve of folded-over PVC.

To flatten PVC for making a lid: 1. Cut a section of pipe with a wood saw. 2. Cut the section down one side. 3. Heat it over a gas stove until it softens. 4. Put it on the floor with a piece of plywood over it and stand on it until it cools and hardens.

To fold the edge for the hinge: 1. Heat the edge with a propane torch. 2. Fold it over, with the hinge rod in place. 3. Hold it with a piece of wood until it cools and hardens.

Looking down into the urinal cup, you can see how it is formed. I heated the end of the large pipe, inserted the smaller diameter drain pipe, and pinched the large pipe between two pieces of wood to close the end around the drain pipe. I think I used a little white cement to seal any leaks around the drain pipe.

A bottle with a hole drilled in the lid is used for the flush water.


These use the same basic design as the previous urinal. They are sections of 4 inch pipe, cut at an angle at the receiving end and heat formed at the drain end.

The higher one is for the men and the lower one is for the women. The women squat and back in. There are two doors at either end of this bathroom area that provide privacy.

The garden hose is used for flushing.


This is the urinal in the upstairs bedroom. It's nice to have one handy for night use without having to go downstairs.

As you can see, you can get rather fancy and decorative with the heat forming if you care to. This also doubles as a hand-washing sink, and as a faucet for a hose.


The ladies have not been forgotten.

This is a hand-held urinal cup, with a molded PVC bottom. It is filled, emptied into the man's urinal and then rinsed out.


Three drain pipes are shown here. Each has a heat formed "S" bend in it which traps water and prevents odors from rising in the pipe.

Try to make the "S" bend with the minimum amount of curvature necessary to create a water trap. The more exaggerated the bend is, the more water it will take to flush the system.


Without something inside the pipe to keep the passage open when you bend it, the pipe will pinch closed. The first step in bending the pipe is to fill it with sand.

Use masking tape to cover one end of the pipe. Fill the pipe with sand using a funnel. Tamp the pipe on the ground to compact the sand. Fill and tamp repeatedly until the pipe will hold no more sand. Cover the other end of the pipe with tape.

You are now ready to heat and bend the pipe.


You want the ends of the pipe to stay cold, so that they will fit into standard plumbing fittings. Hold the pipe ends with your hands and heat the center area, where the "S" bend will go.

Keep turning the pipe, and moving it from side to side to keep from over-heating and burning the pipe.

As the plastic softens, the pipe will sag. When it is nice and flexible, set it on the floor and bend it into the "S" shape you want.

You can speed cooling and hardening by spraying the pipe with water, or using a water-soaked sponge.


When the pipe has cooled, take the tape off the ends and empty the sand out of the pipe. Flush the last of the sand out with water.

Just for the sake of showing what is possible with this pipe bending technique, see the photo of the pretzel below.


The air chamber, and reservoir for urine and flush water, is a plastic bucket turned upside-down without a lid.

Make an entry hole in the bottom of the bucket for the drain pipe. A large drill, X-acto knife, and half-round file are what I used to make the holes in mine. Keep the hole tight, if you can. It helps everything stay in place while you assemble it.

Dig a hole, assemble the parts and bury the bucket.


Urine is not full of toxic bacteria like excrement is, so there is no health risk to pumping it into the ground around your home in small quantities like this.

Urine even has fertilizer value for plants. Pure urine, like concentrated fertilizer, can burn plants, but if it is diluted with water, at least three parts water to one part urine, plants like it.

Don't worry about plants dying around the buried buckets, or spreading disease. It won't happen.

I live in the country, and this system works fine for me. I realize that urban environments create special limitations. Personally, I think the world is over-populated and our freedom is too often limited by that.

You can always dump your waste water in public sewers, but try to conserve flush water. Remember, I do it with a cup or less. Urinals in private bathrooms are not a bad idea.



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    Ive used vegetable oil for a bucket urinal once when our well went dry. It worked quite well. I was going to do an instructable on it one day. Dont empty oil into any waterways! toilet or other wise

    2 replies

    Sounds like a clever idea. The urine would sink, and have at least some of the smell controlled, I imagine. All biodegradable.

    It didnt smell for sometime. I did want to see how long it would take before it did and with 2 people using it. It had to be emptied every 7 or 8 days. I used a 3 gal pail and used about 1/2 a bottle of veg oil, cause you loose some oil as the urine fills in the bucket the oil is lost to the insides of the wall. Im working on another instructable, but working on the draft for my urinal.

    An ex co-worker of my dads got a hold of an old telephone booth and installed a urinal similar to this inside the phone booth. it would probably be fairly simple to rig some sort of lean-to with the urinal in it out of scrap wood, for those of you worried about where to 'hide' the urinal in an outdoor setting. it would probably also be fairly easy to build a 'public bathroom stall' of sorts inside a garage/shed.

    Wonderful project, I love environmentally friendly homes, one day when I build my home it will surely have a system like yours! I was wandering in the picture for step 5, does your faucet have balls or is that a Venus figurine? Got a good laugh nevertheless. Anyways, thanks for the idea and looking out for our mother earth!

    1 reply

    Urine makes a good compost activator, particularly useful if you are trying to compost things like wood chips.
    A friend had an allotment with a small tool shed on it, his compost bin was near the shed and he had a diy urinal in the shed with a pipe going to the compost bin.

    6 replies

    Good idea. One of these days I have to try my hand at making a composting toilet.

    thanks to you i have a urinal in my workshop shed it works well now i can spend more time building stuff working on my scooter, than i would have to walk very far to the house or wait till the nighbours arent looking and go in the yard lol
    thanks to your invention you have my workshop a better place

    THANK YOU! Moved last month and 1st thing I did was added a 16x17 shop out the back wall of the Standard 2-car garage. When was in planning stages, intended to have it plumbed for a toilet, garage-floor heat, insulated, drywalled, etc........... UNTIL I received the bids! Pisser was the 1st thing that went, followed by others that I could do myself as $$ came available.When I found your site, the question now becomes "Where do I place my urinal so that when my wife unexpectantly opens the interior door to the main garage,she has no clue that I am busy expelling the beverage of my choice, since she will have NO knowledge of my installation of your GRAND plan?" (I am considering installing a motion detector pointed at that door that turns on a lamp near the urinal) Further, since I am now a city dweller (previously used to just stepping out & whipping out), I must position it on a wall that produces the least amount of inquireys from the neighbors as to what the purpose is of the pvc that is protruding from the wall. To help with this issue I plan to install sliding doors on the standard garage door entrance to my shop area using 3-36' doors on tracks - 2 connected sliding right & 1 sliding left. If anyone has any lines on CHEAP sliding door hardware to support a relatively light door, I would appreciate the info.

    nice shop a urinal is a necessity of every shop i have a sink in the garage which works fine for now lol its one of those plastic tub sink and no one uses it i just use it for peeing in lol

    Thanks for the feedback. It's nice to think that the world is a better place for one's contributions.

    One of the presenters on a BBC radio gardening programme recommends the use of 'recycled beer' on compost, particularly on slow to compost nitrogen poor materials.
    Here is his site: http://bobflowerdew.co.uk/

    I drilled a hole in my shed floor, inserted a length of PVC pipe, topped it off with a funnel and, voila! A private place to pee without tracking mud into the house. I have to admit yours is more attractive.

    1 reply

    thats what i did its very useful but mine has a elbow and the pee is diected through the pvc pipe into the grass lol

    hey with thestorage could i get a large old tank and use that

    2 replies

    I don't think one wants to just fill containers with urine. The underground bucket is open at the bottom, so the urine leeches into the ground, being attacked by bacteria, and fertilizing nature. It doesn't have high toxicity, like excrement.

    I have read that one can mix one part urine with three parts water and use it directly on plants without burning them.

    There should be no odor problem, due to the water trap in the line.

    i dident do the bucket thing mine just empties right into the grass. the grass dies their in the summer but in the rest os the year its fine due to the rain washing away or diluting the pee