Introduction: Panel Meter Weather Station With Photon

Picture of Panel Meter Weather Station With Photon

For me, discussing the weather is more than idle small talk. So when I got interested in web-enabled electronics (the Internet of Things), I knew immediately that my first IoT project would be related to the first thing I do when I log onto my computer at work each day: check the weather. This "weather station" simply pulls weather data from the internet and displays it using analog electrical panel meters.

The brains of the project is the Particle Photon which is pretty much a tiny Arduino with a wifi chip. The actual weather station is made of a scrap of walnut. The panel meters have custom faces that I designed in DraftSight, which is a free cad program. The weather data is provided by the Dark Sky API. All the code and custom panel meter faces can be found on the project GitHub Repository.

Errata: The barometer meter face shown in the video and photos has a mistake. I accidentally shifted it up by 100 millibar. The scale should actually read 960-1060 millibar, which will cover normal atmospheric pressure in most places.

Step 1: Code

Picture of Code

All the code for the project is available at the project GitHub Repository. Here are the steps for the code:

  1. If your Particle Photon is brand new, follow the "Getting Started" steps on Particle's website.
  2. Compile the file "weather.ino" onto your Particle Photon device using
  3. Edit the file "forecastio_webhook.json" in a text editor to use your personal API web address from Dark Sky.
  4. Upload the webhook to the Particle Cloud using the instructions on Particle's website.

Step 2: Woodworking

Picture of Woodworking

The actual weather station is made of a scrap of walnut. I cut this to size and then planed down to the thickness I wanted. Then I drilled out for the panel meters. I put a chamfer around the edges and then put on a few coats of tung oil as a finish. You can arrange things however you want!

Step 3: Panel Meter Modifications

Picture of Panel Meter Modifications

I created custom faces for the panel meters using DraftSight, a free CAD program. You can download my file at the project GitHub repository. You may have to adjust the faces to fit your panel meters and/or your local weather conditions.

Errata: The barometer meter face shown in the video and photos has a mistake. I accidentally shifted it up by 100 millibar. The scale should actually read 960-1060 millibar, which will cover normal atmospheric pressure in most places.

Step 4: Wiring

Picture of Wiring

Wiring is very simple. Just follow the diagram above. The resistor values will depend on the type of panel meters you use. I recommend meters that are full scale at 1 milliamp (example). In that case, the resistor values should be about 3300 ohms each for the panel meters. The LED resistors should be in the range of 100 - 500 ohms, depending on your LED.

Step 5: How Does It Work?

Picture of How Does It Work?

This is the gist of how the weather station works.

  • The photon publishes an event when it would like to know the current weather conditions.
  • This triggers a webhook which is stored on the cloud to make an API call to
  • The API returns data in JSON format.
  • The webhook contains a template to parse the JSON data using mustache then sends it to the photon.
  • Finally, the photon deconstructs this data into the individual values, and then converts them into pulse-width modulated signals for the five panel meters and the alert LED.

If you need to troubleshoot, I recommend using the Particle Dashboard to see what types of events are happening between the cloud and your Photon device.

If you want more details, watch the YouTube Video in the introduction or visit my website. Thanks for taking a look!


bybecker (author)2017-12-07

Nice job. I imagine it would be possible to use servos to move the display needles like old wall barometers.

And by storing the parameter values every 15 minutes you could clearly see the variations in the last 6, 12 or 24 hours for example at the push of a button.

loidolt made it! (author)2017-11-13

Thank you for the excellent guide practicalengineering! I made a couple of these for Father's Day presents earlier this year.

There are SVG and Fusion 360 files available through my website for the panel meters I found as well as the vertical layout wood housing.

(Sorry about the mess, it's a work in progress)

oldorf (author)2016-02-08

Great job - I love it! Could you give me some details on the panel meters? I could not find "universal" ones. Only those for Volt or Amps. I guess you took the amps with a max value of 1 mA? Would be nice if you could specify where you bought them. Did you include the leds or can you buy them like this? Regards from Germany - Wolfgang

Thanks. I do have a link in Step 4 to the panel meters I bought. Just FYI all analog panel meters work exactly the same way. If they are being used as a volt meter there is no shunt, and if they are being used to measure current (amps) there is a shunt between the terminals that creates just enough resistance that the meter can measure the voltage difference. I added the resistors to the middle meter as shown in the video.

SoakedinVancouver (author)2016-02-08

Very attractive, and practical to boot! I have tubs of vintage, some almost antique, of these meters so I am definitely putting one together. And add a "perfect Storm" meter as well, monitoring all the signals and making assumptions about them as a whole, lol!

Thanks for the inspiration and the knowledge, much appreciated. I voted for you, and "favorited".

Menneset (author)2016-02-08

Ding! We have a winner! I must do this. Heck, I even have the scrap walnut laying around.

Josehf Murchison (author)2016-02-08

I love the job you did on this it looks very good. You get my vote.

andreaki (author)2016-02-07

same as Victor- favorited and voted. well mastered; well presented; & just PERFECT for this Contest!

Victor805 (author)2016-02-07

That's amazing, gotta love those analog meters, I would only add some kind of backlight too see them in the dark, and maybe two or three more to display time. Voted and favorited!

About This Instructable




Bio: Grady Hillhouse is a professional civil engineer and hobbyist everything else.
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