Paper mache! Whether you're making a Halloween mask or an Instructables Robot, paper mache is the way to go. The possibilities are endless and you are only limited by your imagination. Paper mache is a simple process that has no right or wrong way, it allows you to be very creative. Through this instuctable I will cover a few different techniques used in the art of paper mache.
Step 1: Gather Supplies...
You should be able to find all of the necessary supplies around your house. Depending on how creative you want to get you may need to make a trip to your local craft store to decorate your creation!
First you will need to make a form. You can use almost anything for a form, but here are some suggestions:
-Cardboard (cereal boxes, or corrugated)
-Toilet paper/ paper towel tubes
Next you need to paper mache your form. So what do you use?
-Brown paper towels (optional)
-Paper mache paste mix (in place of flour, salt, and water.)
Tools you will need:
-Mixing bowl/ milk jug
-Smaller bowl/ cereal bowl
After you're all done you need to decorate you paper mache. Get creative, use paint or even glitter.
Step 2: Create a Form
You can use many different objects as forms. If making a mask, balloons work well. Bunched up paper and masking tape also works well and allows you to do more free forming. I used corrugated cardboard, toilet paper tubes, construction paper, and masking tape to make my form. I chose to make an instructables robot. I referred to the Instructables Robot -- Paper Model instructable written by =SMART= when making this design. Thanks =SMART= !
Step 3: Tear Paper Strips
I have found that newspaper works best. Some people like to use brown paper towels for a smoother final layer. If you have access to brown papertowels, I'd say go for it. If not, it's not a big deal... Tear your paper into strips about one inch by six inches. If your strips are too wide you might get wrinkles and not a completely smooth surface.
Step 4: Mix Paste
This is where things can begin to get messy, so you may want to lay down some paper or plastic. Don't feel like laying anything down? Don't worry about it, this paste is very easy to clean up. Based on how much paste you make will determine the size of mixing bowl you need. If you choose, you may mix your paste in a milk jug. I like to shake my paste in a milk jug for easy clean up and storage. Either a half gallon or gallon jug will work fine. When making your paste, mix two parts warm water to one part flour. Adding a couple tablespoons of salt to your mix will prevent mould growth. Your paste should be a slurry with no clumps or bumps. A consistency of glue is good, you don't want it to be as thick as your typical paste. Adjust mixture until you find what works best for you. If you do not like this paste, experiment a little. Some use wallpaper paste, while others like watered down elmers glue.
For this project I used a non-wheat based paper mache paste. Later in this instuctable you will see that it is a clear paste. It works well, if you're at the craft store, pick some up.
Below are pictures of do it yourself paper mache paste.
Step 5: Begin the Process
So now it's game time, your strips are all torn up and your paste is mixed. Begin by pouring a little bit of paste into a bowl. Dip one strip of paper into the paste. Then slide the paper between your fingers to remove the excess paste. Once this is done you can begin putting the strips on your form. After laying each strip, use your fingers to smooth out any wrinkles or bubbles. Overlap your strips parallel or cross-hatched; this will make for a stronger final piece.
Step 6: Decorate!
Before painting it is nice to have an opaque surface to work on. I started off by sponging on two coats of white gesso. By doing this your final coats will cover much better. Have fun, get creative. Use acrylics, glitter, wire, string, or whatever else you may need to complete your masterpiece.