Introduction: Peltier Cooling for ZWO Astro Camera

Picture of Peltier Cooling for ZWO Astro Camera

After stumbling on these two YouTube vids showing how to add cooling to an uncooled ZWO Optics Astro Cam

DIY Guide Making a Peltier cooling fan mod for ZWO ASI120MC S

Peltier Cooler for ZWO Cameras - Based on Martin Pyott's Vid

I thought I'd give it a go myself.

My completed mod is shown in the image above.

Step 1: Tools & Materials

TOOLS

  • A drill with 4mm & stepped drill bits.
  • Files (round & flat)
  • Dremel or similar with circular blade attachment.
  • Soldering iron with solder, flux etc plus heat shrink tubing.
  • Craft knife.
  • Hollow punch set.
  • Screwdrivers (posidrive & flat)
  • Hacksaw
  • 1/4"-20 Tap & Die (optional)

MATERIALS

To start with you need a ZWO Optics camera, an uncooled version, pretty sure they all come with the standard M4 & 1/4" tripod mounts on the back but you'll need to check this.

I used my 224MC for this mod.

  • 12vdc Fan for Intel sockets 1150, 1155, 1156 or 775. I chose: ARCTIC Alpine 11 Pro Rev.2 because of the anti-vibration & price.
  • TEC1 - 12703 12v 3a Peltier Thermoelectric cooler 40mm x 40mm. These are available in many places.
  • DC12V -50-110°C W1209WK Digital Thermostat Temperature Control

  • Main control & power input box: PROJECT BOX ENCLOSURE 79 X 61 X 40MM

  • Satellite power distribution box: Junction Box 60x36x25mm
  • 2mm EPDM rubber sheet at least 100mm x 100mm square.
  • 1/4" diameter solid copper rod at least 100mm in length (optional).
  • 6mm neoprene sheet at least 200mm x 200mm square including neoprene adhesive.
  • 7 core cable 5a rating as this
  • Cable strain relief boots.
  • Various length M4 nylon bolts with matching washers, nuts plus some butterfly nuts to match.
  • Thermal transfer compound suitable for aluminium use.
  • Laser cut aluminium parts as per attached drawings, all from 2mm aluminium. 2 x GASKET TEMPLATE will need to be cut.
  • 1 x 40mm x 40mm x 6mm block of aluminium

You can see that there are 2 CAMERA BACK drawing files, one is with the center 1/4" tripod mount cutout & one without, which route you take is up to you.

Step 2: The Metalwork

Picture of The Metalwork

After receiving the laser cut aluminium parts, they will all need to be de-burred to remove the rough edges.

You could alternatively have the parts water jet cut as I believe this gives a better finish and de-burring would not be needed.

Step 3: Making the Gasket

Picture of Making the Gasket
  1. Laying one of the GASKET TEMPLATE pieces on to the EPDM rubber sheet, carefully mark out the positions of the four M4 securing holes as well as the larger temp sensor mounting hole.
  2. Remove the template piece from the EPDM sheet & using suitable hollow punches cut out these marked holes.
  3. Line up both GASKET TEMPLATE pieces with these holes either side of the EPDM sheet & secure with some of the M4 nylon bolts, sandwiching the EPDM firmly between.
  4. Using a sharp craft knife, carefully cut away all access EPDM from the GASKET TEMPLATE pieces including the central square cutout.
  5. Remove the nylon clamping bolts to reveal an EPDM gasket.

Step 4: Camera Back

Picture of Camera Back

Through trial and error I found that I could aid cooling further by utilizing the 1/4" tripod mounting hole in the center of the camera.

Doing this gets the cooling finger around 5mm closer to the imaging sensor and directly behind it.

This step is optional, this is why I have included two CAMERA BACK drawings, one with the central hole & one without.

  1. File a slight taper on the end of the copper rod to ease the cutting of the thread.
  2. Using a 1/4"-20 UNC Die, cut a thread on the copper rod as per a normal thread cutting procedure. Cut a little more thread than is needed, (around 5mm actually required), as it makes it easier to handle.
  3. Using a 1/4"-20 UNC Tap, cut a thread in the central hole of the CAMERA BACK piece, this wont take much, possibly only two turns at most.
  4. Test fit the threaded copper rod in the tapped hole, it should screw in easily and be perpendicular to the CAMERA BACK face.
  5. Carefully test fit the threaded rod in the tripod mounting hole of the actual camera, again this should screw in easily without damaging or putting strain on the camera casing.
  6. Now secure the CAMERA BACK piece to the camera using just two M4 nylon bolts inserted in the outer tripod fixings of the camera.
  7. Screw the threaded copper rod through the CAMERA BACK piece and in to the actual camera's central tripod mounting hole. Do this carefully, do not over-tighten and stop as soon as you feel it tighten.
  8. Carefully mark and cut off the protruding excess copper rod with a hacksaw. If you scuff up the surface of the CAMERA BACK piece as I did, don't worry too much as steel wool & metal polish remove a lot of the scratches and the thermal compound takes up the slack.
  9. More than likely the threaded copper grub screw you have now made will be slightly proud of the CAMERA BACK piece and difficult to tighten, again, using a hacksaw cut a slot in the top to allow the use of a flat screwdriver, not too deep mind, just enough.
  10. Use a file to get this newly made copper grub screw to sit flush with the external face of the CAMERA BACK.
  11. Like I said earlier, use steel wool and metal polish to remove the worst of any scratches made to the CAMERA BACK piece during this process.

Step 5: Main Structure

Picture of Main Structure
  1. Lay the CAMERA BACK on the camera's rear face and insert the copper grub screw through and in to the central tripod mounting hole of the camera, if using this method.
  2. Lay the EPDM gasket on, carefully aligning the holes with the CAMERA BACK piece.
  3. Place the MAIN aluminium piece over this aligning the four M4 securing holes with the EPDM gasket & CAMERA BACK making sure that the camera's USB port is at 6 O'Clock and the rectangular section of the MAIN aluminium piece is 90 degrees to this. Mine is to the right hand side.
  4. Secure together using M4 nylon bolts cut to the correct length for a nice snug fit.
  5. Place a nice blob of thermal compound over the copper grub screw, if used.
  6. Smear a thin even layer of compound on the 6mm x 40mm x 40mm block of aluminium and squeeze in to the square cut out of the gasket compound side down.
  7. According to the dimensions for the cooling fan I used there should have been only 4mm between the mounting surface and the underside of it's heatsink, so given that there is now 2mm of the aluminium block protruding above the surface of the MAIN aluminium piece and that the TEC1 is 4mm thick, I thought this would be enough but I found that it still was not a secure enough fit and I overcame this by shaving down the feet on the fan's mounting cradle, see images, you'll need to check this on whichever fan you use.
  8. Fit the fan's mounting cradle to the MAIN piece, securing with nylon bolts, washers and using butterfly nuts on all bolts except the one located inline with the camera's USB port. This just eases removal at any time and the one inline with the USB port does not have room for a butterfly nut.
  9. Figure out which side is the cold side of the TEC1 by very quickly connecting it to a AA battery, placing the TEC1 between your lips which are far more sensitive will help but be quick, it is easy to destroy the TEC1 by running it without a cooling heatsink.
  10. Smear a thin even layer of compound on both sides of the TEC1 and place on to the protruding aluminium block cold side down facing the camera.
  11. Now place the fan and heatsink on the top of this and secure the assembly to it's mounting cradle.

Step 6: Wiring & Control

Picture of Wiring & Control
  1. Using a Dremel with the circular blade attachment cut out a section in the lid of the Main Control & Power Input enclosure and mount the Thermostat Temp Control unit.
  2. Use a step drill to cutout holes in the enclosure for the DC jack input socket, the 7 core cable outlet (allowing for strain relief) and if fitted, the fuse holder.
  3. If using a fuse, solder the +ve in from the center pin of the DC jack socket to the fuse holder and then distribute the +ve feed from the fuse as normal.
  4. The Thermostat Temp Control unit should come with markings showing where to make +ve & -ve connections but in case it doesn't, refer to image 2 where block connectors four connections from 1 on the left to 4 on the right are as follows:
    1. +ve in, main supply to control unit
    2. -ve in and also common -ve feed via 7 core cable to the Satellite Power Distribution (S.P.D) box
    3. +ve in link cable from pin 1 for relay
    4. +ve out, feed via 7 core cable to fan +ve
  5. Cut a short section of cable from the plug end of the temp sensor, push the plug securely on to the Thermostat Temp Control board and make two cable connections to the 7 core cable.
  6. Mark and drill the two M4 holes to mount the S.P.D box on to the MAIN aluminium frame.
  7. Using a step drill cut out an entry point for the 7 core cable including strain relief & cable exit point in the S.D.P
  8. The S.P.D box is where all the final connections to the fan, temp sensor & TEC1 are made.
  9. In the S.P.D box you will be connecting from the 7 core cable:
    1. A common -ve to the fan -ve & TEC1 -ve

    2. A +ve to the fan

    3. A +ve to the TEC1

    4. Two connections to the temp sensor

  10. There will be two unused cable in the 7 core cable, I have left these for possible future use of the PWM function of my fan.
  11. Make sure the top of the temp sensor is fits snuggly in the mounting hole of the EPDM Gasket & CAMERA BACK, some filing may be needed & that the cable exits through the smaller hole drilled in the MAIN frame, again filing may be needed. The temp sensor should fit very tightly against the body of the camera and the neoprene jacket, (see Step 7), will help to keep it there.
  12. Heatshrink all the cables for added protection.

Step 7: Insulating

Picture of Insulating

This might sound strange to add an insulating layer to the camera as we are trying to cool it but before doing this I did read many articles of similar projects where cooling was hindered by the dew formation on the camera and that by suppressing this dew formation further cooling could be achieved without needing more energy to do it.

Very simply make a snug fitting insulating jacket for your camera from 6mm neoprene and slide on.

Step 8: Testing

Prior to use you will need to know how the Thermostat Temp Control unit is setup & functions and unfortunately the unit itself does not come with any instructions whatsoever but thanks to Buddy Moore for creating a set of instructions that I will include here. (see PDF Download below)

The video I have posted here shows a timelapse of the cooler working without the camera powered on, so no image sensor heat at all.

It shows the starting ambient temp via the temp sensor against the external casing of the camera as 23.8°C.

The timelapse covers almost exactly 45min of realtime before the temp bottomed out at 0.7°C and dropped no more.

At this point I then attached the camera's USB cable and connected it to my laptop running SharpCap Pro 3 where the internal temp of the camera is shown as -0.5°C

After 1min and still connected to SharpCap the external temp read 1.5°C while the internal was showing as 3.8°C

Step 9: In Action

Picture of In Action

Just a few images showing the setup in situ on my Celestron CPC9.25 scope.

Excuse the noise on the video, it's my dSLR's noisy lens autofocus.

Step 10: Results

Picture of Results

Here are some resulting dark frames taken as 10 x 10min subs through SharpCap Pro 3.

Image 1 is without any cooling and max temp was 29.7°C

Image 2 is a 4x zoom in of image 1.

Image 3 is with cooling and max temp was 7.3°C

Image 4 is a 4x zoom in of image 3.

You can see that the noise is vastly reduced.

Comments

Vidmo (author)2017-09-17

Very nice project, I appreciate clean build especially, but I think that peltier is producing more heat energy than is absorbed by it's cool side (it's not ideal device), so it's less effective than fan with radiator only...

1CM69 (author)Vidmo2017-09-18

I appreciate your comment and thanks for looking.

I did try a number of rated Peltiers i.e. higher amperage ones before settling for this one as this is indeed a comprise between the heat generated on one side against the cooling effect on the other.

I found that there was no overall gain using a higher output device, just more heat.

When I did settle on the 3A pump I again tested my setup as a straight heatsink & fan assembly compared to placing the peltier between and there was more cooling achieved when using the peltier.

There just needs to be a heatsink and fan capable enough to dissipate the generated heat quickly enough.

Thanks

Vidmo (author)1CM692017-09-18

I meant that Peltier cooling is not effective enough when achieved device temp. is higher that ambient temp. In that case radiator-fan setup is better. But in your case device temp. is lower than ambient temp. so this chiller is not only dissipating heat but also truly cooling.

1CM69 (author)Vidmo2017-09-18

Oh, OK thanks...

ThomasJ1 (author)2017-09-17

Excellent Instructable. I'll definitely have to try it now. The result speaks for itself.

1CM69 (author)ThomasJ12017-09-18

Thank you

desposito adinolfi (author)2017-09-17

I'm afraid for the fan! It could make some vibration on the entire telescope, or not?

1CM69 (author)desposito adinolfi2017-09-17

Hi, there is no added vibration caused by this fan as the fan itself floats on rubber mounting points. I tested with various other fans before finding & using the one that I have used. Thank you.

Swansong (author)2017-09-13

That's a neat addition, fantastic first instructable!

1CM69 (author)Swansong2017-09-13

Thanks

About This Instructable

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Bio: I just do a bit of this and that.
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