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Photoshop Lightroom 5 is a program made by Adobe to specifically target those who enjoy photography. One does not have to be a professional photographer to easily find their way around Lightroom 5, even lesser so to get to know the basics of editing a photo, which I will be covering today.
Lightroom 5 is a fun easy-and professionally looking-way to give a fantastic photo the extra kick it already needs!

Step 1: Step One: Importing Your Pictures.

With some programs, the process of uploading, or importing your photos can be a little difficult to figure out. Thankfully Lightroom 5 isn't that complicated.
To start, you'll want to go over the tab titled 'File' And then to 'Import Photos and Video...'. 
After clicking this, a new screen will appear, asking you to select a source. If you look to the left, there will be a drop down source menu. In here, you can go into different folders on your computer, that have the photos you would like to edit.
Click the folder you wish to go into.
There should be a screen with the folder contents faded on it. You can choose to check all photos, or pick one photo. 
I personally like to check all photos. Lightroom 5 will remember the photos you have checked, and will open those in small tabs the next time you open lightroom 5.

Step 2: Step Two:

Now that you have your photo(s) chosen, lets get to the editing. As mentioned earlier, this is only the basics of lightroom 5, which are surprisingly easy to get to know. 
There are 7 large tabs on the top right of the program,  Library | Develop | Map | Book | Slideshow | Print | Web
Though for basic editing, we're just going to focus on Develop.
Once clicked, on the right side of lightroom 5 will be a Histogram (we wont be getting into that) and underneath that, a few subheadings, titled 
Basic 
Tone Curve
HSL / Color / B & W 
Split Toning
Detail
Lens Corrections
Effects
Camera Calibration

Step 3: Step Three: Lens Corrections

The VERY first thing I'll do with any photo, is first let Lightroom 5 Make the proper corrections to the mistakes my camera has made. Clicking the drop down menu 'Lens Corrections'  with give you the option to 'Enable Profile Corrections' or not. Check this box.
Once this box is checked, it will allow you to click the drop down menu under 'Lens Profile'.
There you will be able to chose the make of your camera.
For example, the camera used to take this photo was a Canon, therefore I chose Canon.
Once the camera make is inserted, Lightroom 5 should be able to put in the Model and Profile on its own.

Step 4: Step Four: Basic

Click the Lens Corrections title back up, and now drop down the 'basic' menu.
The very first thing to do on the basic menu, Is your highlights and shadows.
While you can play with this in whatever manner you like, a very standard setting to put this one would be Highlights all the way up, shadows all the way down. It opens your photo up a little bit more-but seriously, play around with it, you might find something that looks really rad.
The rest of basic is really just playing around with what you think looks best.
Temp and tint :
will begin to change the colour of your photo, sometimes giving it a warmer or cooler look, or sometimes changing the whole colour of the picture out right!
Exposure and Contrast :
Will change the brightness/darkness (exposure) and colour clarity (Contrast) of your photo. These ones are a little trickier, and my best advice would be a little goes a long way for these two!
Whites and blacks:
Are much like Highlights and shadows, though a little touchier. While some photos look REALLY good when paired with the same system as highlights and shadows, a lot of photos get drowned in this change, and end up looking to bright or to dull.
Clarity, Vibrance, and Saturation :
Clarity will make your photo crisp, or more blurry. Its very dependent on the photo, though i prefer a bit of a crisper look.
Vibrance will make the colours of your photos very soft and 'dull,' or on the opposite side of the spectrum make them bright, and pop.
Saturation is similar to Vibrance. It can either make your colours pop, or your photo completely black and white.

Step 5: Step Five: HSL

Skip Tone curve all together, thats a little more complicated, and not needed right now.
Head right on down to HSL / Colour / B & W.
Unless you're doing a black and while photo, I suggest just staying in the HSL tab.
Here you will really be able to play around with the colours, opposed to only having a little colour freedom in the Basic tab.
Hue:
Has a list of coloured bars, from Red to Magenta. 
These will specifically target each colour within your picture.
I.E if i had a picture of a red balloon, but i wanted it to be more of a bright pink, i can pull my red colour tab all the way left, and it would change the colour of only things that fall into the spectrum of red, as with all the other colours. So my blue sky would not be changed by me moving the Red bar.
Saturation :
Does much of what the saturation in basic does, though now only targeted toward one colour. 
I.E if i wanted the red saturated to barely any colour I would drag the red bar all the way left.
Luminance :
Is a little bit more tricky. It will make whatever colour you chose brighter, or darker, though in my experience when pulled to either side of the spectrum it gives the colour an odd outlined look. I wouldn't suggest going to far to either side with Luminance. 

Step 6: Step Six: Detail

Skip another tab, this time Split Toning and go right to detail.
This will help you work out any little kinks in your photo.  
Sharpening :
This is one of my favourite things to use. It will give your photo a clean, sharp, HD look that clarity doesn't really do, though again if you use this or not is totally up to you.
Noise Reduction :
blurs the little parts of your photo enough to get rid of awkward lines from other things you may have added, I.E the luminence on a photo might give you some odd outlines.

Step 7: Step Seven: Effects

Effects is small, but can be very signifigant. It has two effects to add, the first
Post-Crop Vignetting and the second Grain.
Post-Crop Vignetting :
is one of my favourite tools to use (just very slightly) To pull the picture in a little more. It creates a darker or lighter (Depending on what side of the spectrum you chose) border around your picture, drawing more into the centre. I like to use a VERY subtle darker frame, though the two extremes of each side are shown in the pictures. 
Grain :
Grain will give your picture exactly what it says. A grain texture, also shown in a picture. 

Step 8: Step Eight: All Finished!

Forget Camera Calibration. Thats another not so basic to cover another time.
Now for exporting/saving your photo. 
Click on the File tab, and go down to export.
Once you click this, an exporting window should appear. Under export location, make sure you put your file in a place you'll remember ( And be able to find! ) and then hit export!

Lightroom 5 is excellent with saving your photo in the format it was previously in, and therefore you should not have to deal with changing file formats.

Step 9: Finished Product!

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