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Pickle Anything! Basic Pickle Instructions

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Picture of Pickle Anything! Basic Pickle Instructions
Making Pickles is fun and easy. Of all the canning projects, making pickles is the simplest. It's a high-acid process, so it is difficult to screw it up. Pickling is a fun project to do with kids over the age of five, as long as you keep them away from the hot water (let them fill the jars with veggies and spices, you do the canning part!).

This Instructable is to provide basic pickling instructions to people who like to play with flavor, as opposed to a pat recipe that must be adhered to.

Basic Pickling Recipe (These are the proportions, make it larger or smaller as needed!)
4 lbs any vegetables (harder ones work better)
2 3/4 C vinegar (preferably apple cider, but rice, white or red wine are fine too!)
3 C water
1/4 C sea salt (make sure it's not iodized, because that makes the pickle juice cloudy!)




Step 1: Safety First: Sterile and Clean

The essence of canning is to make sure that everything gets sterilized at the start of the process, and then keeps sterile throughout the process.  So, use clean kitchen towels, rinse your utensils with boiling water, and boil your jars and lids for a few minutes before starting. Use thin foil to or lid to preserve  heat.

Optional: You may blanch your vegetables to get the germs off, but his may make your pickle squishy, so pick your battles!


Step 2: Prep Time!

Picture of Prep Time!
As you're waiting for the water to boil, wash, clean and chop your vegetables and sort them into clean bowls. Get out your spices and make them easily accessible. 

Spices commonly used in pickling spice (see picture):
coriander
fennel
dill
black pepper corns
dried red peppers

Prepare your work surface. Put a clean towel on your counter. Get your tongs or silicon gloves ready!  When everything is set up and prepared, mix your pickle juice ingredients - salt, vinegar, water - and heat them up in a pot on the stove. Stir until salt dissolves.


 
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I just read from a Vermonter's pickle recipes. She said that it is iodized salt that will make the pickles cloudy, and she uses salt that has no iodine.

I am with you, Okeekat. In three generations of Arkansas hillbillies, we have seldom had anything go bad. When it does, you will definitely know. The lid won't seal, the lid will buckle, it will smell bad. Usually, it is from a bad lid or a chip in the top of the jar. My grandmother used to say, if it has enough salt in it and enough vinegar in it, it will preserve. After seeing the success rate in over 100s of thousands of jars, I'll stick to the tried and true. Personally, I think that this new generation is way too hung up about germs and food poisoning. A couple of kids get sick, and soon they think everyone is going to get sick. Maybe their immune systems aren't built up like ours are. I remember leaving food out on the table all day long in 90 degree weather, and none of us ever got sick.

The main reason why this generation worries about food poisoning is that we have better records than we used to have. CDC estimates that each year roughly 1 in 6 Americans (or 48 million
people) get sick, 128,000 are hospitalized, and 3,000 die of foodborne
diseases.

CaptSteve2 years ago
Whenever canning anything, always check that the top is concave inward into the container once you have boiled and removed the jar after it has cooled down.

Then when you open the canning container, the top should still be under a vacuum. If the top has expanded outward and is no longer concave but convex, then your canning has bacteria or botulism growing inside and created gas which has expanded the top. DO NOT EAT ANYTHING canned that is from an expanded container.
PaulsMom4 years ago
I'm a little worried. I made my grandmother's recipe for sweet dill pickles last week. The recipe didn't have you process the pickles. My grandmother is gone so I called my mother to make sure a step hadn't been left out. She said the pickles were not processed. After "Googling" I am worried. Most say they process them and a few don't say.These are not refrigerator pickles. I sterilized everything, put fresh cucs in jars, boiled vinegar etc., poured over cucs and sealed. Turned them upside down (mother's instruction) on a paper towel. Any feedback from veteran picklers?
neighborhoodfruit (author)  PaulsMom2 years ago
Is it a recipe that doesn't include vinegar? It could be a lactic fermentation process (like kimchee or sauerkraut).

The USDA recommends agains using traditional recipes because they have increased risk of contamination. As I said in the instructable, pick your battles; I'd try it.
Please see my response to Okeekat and my general response to neighborhoodfruit's excellent Instructable.
What a great idea! Anyone know of a Canadian version? I'm new in my current city and this would be super handy!
Sorry, we don't know of a Canadian version.
Err, this was supposed to be on the step suggesting the website.
Okeekat4 years ago
My understanding is that the acid in the vinegar kills anything. No one in the past three generations of my Pennsylvania Dutch family has ever had a problem. I think we're safe. Same with jelly. Sugar is the preservative there.
Johenix Okeekat2 years ago
A few years ago the Minnesota State Fair recognized that some Kosher Dill Pickels are fermented in the jar and should be cloudy. The in jar ferment takes out the Botulism before it starts.
It's true that vinegar does kill some bacteria and yeast.  But the heat from the boiling water canning is what kills the majority of the bacteria.  But it doesn't kill bacteria such as Clostrdium Botulinum which doesn't die until about 240F.  The vinegar is used to prevent C. Botulinum from flourishing.  The pH of the brine needs to be 4.6 or lower to inhibit C. Botulinum.  That's why the ratio of water (pH about 7) to 5% vinegar (pH about  2.4) is always in about 1:1 for pickle recipes (Most sweet pickle recipes use straight vinegar).  This is why pickles that have not been processed in a boiling-water-canner using either the regular method or the Low Temperature Pasteurization Method are kept refrigerated. 

You're correct about sugar being a preservative.  But boiling the fruit and berries to make jam/jelly is what kills the bacteria.  With the exception of Asian pears and figs, fruits have a pH lower than 4.6 which keeps C. Botulinim at bay.  Asian pears and figs must be acidified before canning in a boiling-water-canner.

Here's a link for more info re. pH vs time vs temp.
http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/how/general/ensuring_safe_canned_foods.html

leskvon3 years ago
MMMMMMM . . . . . Pickling <3
mishap913 years ago
Use to run my own daycare back in the 70's and the kids had a ball washing the pickles in the small swimming pool I had in the back yard. They would put them in the clean buckets and I would do the rest in the kitchen all while watching them from my kitchen window. They were all "paid" by how they worked, with their own jars of pickles to take home.
Now I can everything I make if it's feasibly possible and since now it's only the two of us. But when people come over there's nothing like homemade food.
(they like to raid the larder and take some home too but they have to give me the jars back or their on the "no 'can' do list".
roof rack4 years ago
Nice Instructable. The pictures are great!

The Low Temperature Pasteurization method can be used in most pickle recipes to yield a more firm product. Here's a link for how to do it: http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/how/can_06/low_temp_pasteur.html

USDA recommends that only 5% acidity vinegar be used in pickle recipes. Most rice vinegar is less than 5% so check the label.

Here's a link for The National Center for Home Food Preservation's (NCHFP) homepage. They are USDA's official rep for home food preservation. It's the Cooperative Extension Service at University of Georgia, Athens, GA. There is a lot of useful info at the site and it's all laboratory based research. http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/

In most non-sweet pickle recipes, quarts of pickles are canned 15 minutes and pints 10 minutes (1,000ft and below). Five minutes are added for 1,001 - 6,000 and 10 minutes above 6,000. Sweet pickles recipes which use no water, just vinegar and sugar plus spices in the "pickling" brine, are canned for a shorter time.

Another tidbit I picked up at NCHFP is that the initial water temp for for boiling-water-canning should be no more than 180F. Their recommended canning times use that as a reference.

The USDA's Complete Guide to Home Canning can be found here: http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/publications/publications_usda.html
It's in downloadable pdf format. I've downloaded it and put it in a 3-ring binder. I also put all their Fact Sheets found here in the binder: http://www.uga.edu/nchfp/publications/publications_uga.html

My neighbor has purchased the It's So Easy to Preserve book that NCHFP publishes. It has all the info from the USDA guides plus most of the info from the Fact Sheets from NCHFP. I'm thinking I'll buy one since it also has info about drying foods and making jerky.

Happy Canning folks. It's great to have home preserved foods to tide you over until the next growing season.
This is basically what I've learned from scouring recipes pickling recipes and trying them out, and I'm very happy with the results. I've done cucumbers, green beans, onions, carrots and brussel sprouts.

Note:
-Half the times for pints (these look like quarts). My risk/reward ratio makes my pints 4 min and quarts 8 min.
-Rice wine is fine if you keep refrigerated, but it's not usually 5% acidity which is recommended for canning. I like the sweetness of apple cider, but usually use white myself. I'm interested in trying the wine ones...


I would recommend this instructable to anyone.
Great job Neighborhoodfruit!!!
Thanks!
I agree that smaller jars need less time.  The problem is that they are so delicious, that it doesn't make sense to make small containers.
wokwithme4 years ago
Brine(Salted water) were use in the old fashion way. It's not that Vinegar is bad but it's suppose to taste better with the brine method. You'll need to go to a natural food store to get the brine Pickles.
snookmz4 years ago
How long must the vegetables remain in the jars before they are 'pickled'? how long will they last in the jars, if the jars remain unopened?  And once pickled, when I opened the jar approximately how long would they last once exposed to air?

Thank you for the great instructable!
neighborhoodfruit (author)  snookmz4 years ago
Snookmz,  in my experience, using this method the veggies are pickled almost immediately, because of the water bath canning.  As far as I know, the USDA doesn't recommend eating home canned food that's more than a year old, although some people people do.

Once you open the jar, it should keep in the fridge for a month or two, providing you use a clean fork to take the pickles out of the brine.  If the fork is dirty, you will introduce bacteria into the mix, and a scum will form on top of the brine.  When you've eaten all the pickles, you can use the brine to make "refrigerator pickles", by adding more clean veggies to the water.
Great, thank you.  My first lot of pickles is in the cupboard now, fingers crossed they will be nice.  I didn't put any spices in the jar, because I just wanted to do a simple pickle and expand from there.
moosetooth4 years ago
 Well done! Thank you.
neighborhoodfruit (author)  moosetooth4 years ago
You're welcome, thank you!
hishealer4 years ago

OooooOooooh, next time I have someone's overflow of okra...  That happens a lot in Alabama!  Green tomatoes, or banana peppers...

neighborhoodfruit (author)  hishealer4 years ago
Woah, Pickled okra?  That's crazy...probably crazy good! 

If you're looking for something to do with bananna peppers, why don't you try to make Ajvar?  We made another instructable about it.  Here''s the link.  Ajvar is totally the best ever. 
SinAmos4 years ago
Thanks.  I have a full unopened package of ball jars and I wanted to do something with them.
neighborhoodfruit (author)  SinAmos4 years ago
Lucky you! It is a seldom that we have unopened package of jars around here :) Let us know what you end up pickling.
l8nite4 years ago
 Ive never heard of pickled brussel sprouts but I bet they're tasty, especially if they're a little spicey ! nice "ible"
neighborhoodfruit (author)  l8nite4 years ago
Brussel sprouts are ideal for pickling! Spice 'em up, for sure!