Instructables

Plush Cell Model

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A soft and cuddly animal cell model perfect for those geeky science types. This is great as a teaching tool for students or if you are a student and need a cell model for a school science project.
 
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Step 1: Material:

  • Felt
  • Fabric for the main body of the cell -I used flannel
  • Toy stuffing
  • Yarn
  • Thread
  • Embroidery thread
  • Scissors
  • Pins and needles
  • Template for organelles (see celltemplate.pdf below)

A note about sewing
You can use a sewing machine to attach the larger organelles, but the smaller ones may need to be hand stitched. I mostly used hemming stitches and in some cases running stitches along the edge of the felt. Click here for examples of these stitches

celltemplate.pdf(612x842) 267 KB

Step 3: Nucleus, Nucleoli and Chromatin

Nucleus:
The nucleus is a membrane bound organelle that holds the cells DNA.
Nucleolus
The nucleolus is the site of ribosomal RNA synthesis.
Chromatin
Chromatin consists of DNA and its associated proteins.

Cutting
  • Cut out a large circle of felt, this will be the largest component of the cell; the nucleus.
  • Cut out a circle of felt in a different colour with roughly 1/4 the diameter of the nucleus, this will be the nucleolus.
  • Cut out several little 'X' and 'V' shaped felt pieces of a third colour. These are the chromosomes(chromatin).

Sewing
  • First sew the nucleoli to the nucleus.
  • Then sew the chromosomes onto the nucleus.
  • Then sew the whole thing to the the cell (that blue piece of fabric from step 2).

Step 4: Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

The rough endoplasmic reticulum is the site for the synthesis of proteins destined for transport (to the cell membrane, to other organelles or out of the cell). The rough ER is connected to the nuclear membrane and the surface of the rough ER is covered in ribosomes (see step 10) giving it a "rough" appearance when viewed with an electron microscope.

  • Placing the template on the felt, cut out the rough endoplasmic reticulum.
  • Make sure part of the rough endoplasmic reticulum is touching the nucleus, sew it onto the main body of the cell.

Step 5: Smooth Endoplastic Reticulum

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum houses the enzymes needed for lipid, carbohydrate, and steroid synthesis. In liver cells, the smooth ER is also involved in drug detoxification.

  • Placing the template on the felt, cut out the smooth endoplasmic reticulum.
  • Arrange the parts of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum on the main body of the cell and sew it in place.

Step 6: Mitochondria

The main role (but not the only function) of mitochondria is ATP (adenosine triphosphate) production. ATP is the cell's "energy source" hence the mitochondria is considered to be the power house of the cell. Rumor has it that this interesting little organelle was once a bacterium that was eaten by another cell. A fact supporting this theory is that mitochondria has it's own DNA which happens to be circular like that of a bacteria.

  • Placing the template on the felt, cut out the outer edge of the mitochondria
  • On a similar coloured piece of felt cut out the cristae of the mitochondria (you may need to cut out this part of the template first).
  • Sew the cristae onto the mitochondria first then sew the combined piece onto the main body of the cell.

Step 7: Golgi apparatus

The Golgi apparatus (aka Golgi complex or Golgi bodies) is responsible for collecting, packaging, and distributing molecules synthesized in the cell.

  • Placing the template on the felt, cut out the Golgi apparatus.
  • Arrange the parts of the Golgi apparatus on the main body of the cell and sew it in place.

Step 9: Vesicles/Lysosomes

-Vesicles are little sacs used for transporting and storing substance in the cell.

-Lysosomes are little sacs containing digestive enzymes used for cleaning up worn-out organelles as well as phagocytosis of bacteria and viruses.

  • Cut out several little circles, they can be different sizes and different colour.
  • Scatter these little circles around the cell and sew in place.

Step 10: Ribosomes

Protein aggregates consisting of RNA and protein that carries out protein synthesis (translation).

  • Using a embroidery thread make french knots along the outer edge of the rough endoplasmic reticulum.

French knots (see images below) are as follows:

  • From the underside of the fabric pull the threaded needle through.
  • Loop the thread around the needle twice.
  • Poke the needle down through the fabric (not through the same hole).

Step 11: Outer cell surface

The cell surface is covered in a variety of components; cilia, micro villi, cell surface receptors, signaling proteins, cell surface markers, transmembrane proteins, etc.

  • I found a car wash mitt at a dollar store that had little chenille bits that looked to me like cilia or micro villi. So I cut several off and sewed them to the outer surface of the cell.
  • I also used short strands of yarn on the cell surface. I just pulled one end of the strand through the fabric, knotted it on the back side and trimmed it to the right length.

Step 12: Putting it together

  • Place both sides of the cell together facing each other and sew together leaving a small opening.
  • Turn the fabric right side out and stuff with toy stuffing.
  • When it is plump enough sew it shut.

Step 13: Other ideas

labels.jpg
plantcell.jpg
bacteria.jpg
neuron.jpg
redcell.jpg
Microtubules and other stuff in the cytoplasm
I did not add any microtubules to my cell because I thought it would look too cluttered but you can by simply sewing several strands of yarn in between the other organelles. Likewise you can add a few french knot ribosomes throughout the cytoplasm.

Labels
You can add labels to your cell if you'd like. Tape or glue the organelle names on to small Velcro strips and they stick them onto the felt.

You can also just use push pins with the labels taped on.

Other cell types
Plant cells, bacteria, neurons, white, or red blood cells are a few examples of other cells you can make. Make sure you read up on the structure and functions of these cells. Plant cells have a cell wall and have chloroplasts and large vacuoles. Bacteria are more simple and lack membrane bound organelles.
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I want to try this, I have never really tried sewing by hand but this looks like fun! GREAT JOB!
flame8212 years ago
okay, saved one of the pics from fb to my desktop, hopefully this will be small enough in file size and dimensions to post here. This is a straight on view with the whole nucleus. We split it in half so it can be opened to show the internal parts as well. It also has a long flagella off the back end.
390352_320801734608904_100000372403357_1103447_741534284_n.jpg
ChrysN (author)  flame8212 years ago
That looks awesome, thanks for posting it!
flame8212 years ago
I love this instructable. I did some slight modifications for my son's project using your organelle patterns but enlarged a plushie mochi pattern to make the body. The teacher has asked if she can keep it :-) I have pictures posted on FB if anyone is interested, the files are a bit large for on here. https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.320802471275497.75250.100000372403357&type=1 My big mistake was not being able to find one of those carwashing mitts. We tried hand tying and knotting mercantized cotton for cillia.....NEVER try this.
nonten943 years ago
Thanks to you I've got a 9 in my cell exam! Thank you!
ChrysN (author)  nonten943 years ago
Excellent, good for you!
hardj0093 years ago
hOW COME ONE HAS LOTS OF BITS ON TEH BACK AND ANOTHER ONLY HAS A FEW ON THE BACK?
ChrysN (author)  hardj0093 years ago
It is just a different type of cells.
Hi! I just came across this Instructable again! I wanted to show you what you inspired! We had to make a 3D model of a cell for Science class and I did a plant cell. Thank you for the idea and the A+!
S6301347.JPG
ChrysN (author)  I am Lord Voldemort3 years ago
That looks really cool, great job!
Portalman3 years ago
THAT IS SO COOL!!! My sci. teacher would love this. He would give me like 4 A+s.
mom2justin4 years ago
On your second one you look like you use the car mit for the back. Did you just sew it onto the back panel?

LOVE this idea!!

marcy
blufinger4 years ago
wow
fireman1154 years ago
LOL
i just made one of these last year for a biology project
jgroenert4 years ago
This is the Ribisome  that  recenlty won the 2009 nobel prize for biology for researched Venkatraman Ramakrishnan of the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England; Thomas A. Steitz of Yale University; and Ada E. Yonath of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot.Now you can sew one!!

All the parts of a cell do very interesting jobs on a microscopic level.
ChrysN (author)  jgroenert4 years ago
That's really cool, they "demonstrated what the ribosome looks like and how it functions at an atomic level using a visualisation method called X-ray crystallography to map the position of each of the hundreds of thousands of atoms that make up the ribosome". 

Maybe I should update my ribosomes to make them look more realistic.
handprints4 years ago
 this is so darned cute and educational!!  I want make a set of cells for my daughter.  She is a senior in high school and wants to do genetic research.  

She can keep one in her pocket and think of her mommy when she is far away at school!

Great instructable!  congratulations!
ChrysN (author)  handprints4 years ago
That's sweet I'm sure your daughter will love that, thanks!
Lettucehead4 years ago
Congrads! I voted for you!
ChrysN (author)  Lettucehead4 years ago
Thank you for voting!
Creativeman4 years ago
Congratulations on your win! That's super! Cman
ChrysN (author)  Creativeman4 years ago
Thanks Cman!
Ninzerbean4 years ago
Wow! This is so funny! Great job, congratulations!
ChrysN (author)  Ninzerbean4 years ago
Thanks!
Creativeman4 years ago
Congratulations ChrysN...good luck in the judging. I have a lab background, so appreciate your work. Other 'ibles as well. Thanks. Cman
ChrysN (author)  Creativeman4 years ago
Thanks!
Lettucehead4 years ago
Great! I love all of your instructables so much- I subscribed to you. I'm working on a new one, I'll be sure to send it to you. Thanks!
ChrysN (author)  Lettucehead4 years ago
Thanks, I'd love to see your new one!
seamster4 years ago
I really like this! And I appreciate the fact that you stitched everything in place--that represents quite a bit of time and patience. Well done!
ChrysN (author)  seamster4 years ago
Thanks!
If you use it as a pillow, you can learn cellular biology through osmosis. ;)
Shouldn't that be diffusion, not osmosis? ;)
Hmm, as long as you don't accidentally suck off and swallow one of the mitochondria in your sleep ;-)
Lol.
KMOM144 years ago
What an awesome teaching tool this would make~
ChrysN (author)  KMOM144 years ago
Thanks! Yes, you could attach little labels to each of the organelles.
would there be some way to make it reversible like you could have a whole cell, then fold it to the inside of the cell? Like those cute little bunnies with holes in their butts that turn into bears?
ChrysN (author)  rubberducky474 years ago
LOL, bunnies with hole in their butt, I've never heard of those, that sounds really cool and it would be great to do that with a cell.
DorkDude4 years ago
That's just plain awesome.
ChrysN (author)  DorkDude4 years ago
Thanks!
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