Step 25: Pen Thickness
The size of the pen tip controls how many waves the machine can fit into one pixel. If you have a pixel that is 20mm square, and you have a 1mm pen tip, then you can only fit a maximum of 20 lines in before it's at it's maximum density. Adding more ink then won't make it any darker.
If you then swap out the pen and put in one with a 0.5mm tip, 20 lines will no longer completely fill in the pixel, now it will require 40 lines to fill it. The machine works out the maximum possible density based on what sized pen you tell it you've installed.
You can change the pen width on the setup tab, by changing the value of pen tip size and clicking send pen tip size. The tip size is not saved in the machine, it needs to be resent every time the machine is restarted, which is why the value is pre-loaded in the queue when you restart the controller.
Test pen widths
Rather than rely on manufacturers descriptions of pen tip width, there is a kind of calibration function to test pen widths too, this draws a sequence of pixels at maximum density, but it increments the pen width setting between each one, so you can try to narrow down what pen tip thickness gives you the deepest density you want.
There are three settings on that setup tab that control the size of the test swatch:
Pen test start tip - this is the tip size for the very first square and should be low.
Pen test end tip - this is the biggest tip size the machine will try.
Pen test inc size - this is the size of the increments that the machine will make to get from the start tip size to the end tip size.
If it was set to start:0.6, end: 2.0 and increment: 0.1, the machine will draw the first pixel as if it has a 0.6mm sized pen, then draw more, each time incrementing by 0.1mm, until it is 2mm.
Once you've decided which square you want to be your darkest, set the pen tip width to the setting required and save properties.