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Picture of Pop-Bottle-Cap Antenna Protector
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Power antennas are great. You can make them go up, and, well, down, and... well, they make the radio work. The radio's important so that you can listen to, uh, well, sometimes there's good music. Anyway, they're fun to watch, and I want to keep mine working.

When Nissan (or whoever Nissan handed the specs to) designed this specific antenna, they didn't bother to weatherproof it. Sure, the mechanism has a little spout at the bottom to let the rain out (which, if I lived in Seattle, or Florida, would be all it needed), but around here, moisture will pool in the housing during the day, then freeze at night. Then the nylon gear rack inside the antenna breaks into pieces and I have to tear it apart again.

So I got to thinking, and then to hacking. Here's what I came up with: the pop-bottle cap antenna protector. (Also my first instructable! And entered in the Transform It! challenge.)

(Disclaimer: Cut metal has sharp edges, and wire has a way of whipping around and poking you in the eye if you aren't careful. Bits of wire sometimes take flight when you cut them off. Work carefully.)

Check out the vid: 



Edit: I'm totally blown away by the great response/comments I've been getting on this. Thanks all!
 
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Step 1: What you Need

Picture of What you Need
You need: 

A bottle cap or two (beer caps are more fun to look at, I used an Izzie cap because it matched the truck)
The motor from a wind-up toy car (we need the steel spring inside; just hit it with a hammer and it'll come apart)
Epoxy
Duct Tape
Wire (I used a tangle of aluminum wire I found beside the road; avoid wire that will rust)
(Optional) Turtle Wax and a rag

Tools:

Tin snips
Pliers
Something to mix the epoxy on, and with

Step 2: Prepare the cap

Picture of Prepare the cap
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Using the tin snips, carefully cut two slits into the ribbed sides of the cap. I spaced mine about three corrugations apart. The tab that this creates will be our hinge.

On the other side of the cap, splay the metal out a little bit. If your cap was pried unceremoniously from its bottle with a church key (or a car key) and it's already all bent up, you may not need to do this. The only purpose for this is to prevent the metal knob on top of the antenna from binding up on the edge of the cap.

Step 3: Create the Hinge

Picture of Create the Hinge
With the pliers, carefully flatten the flap we just created so that it sits more or less level with the face of the cap. If your pliers mar the painted surface, slip some cardboard or inner tube or something between the metal and the pliers.

Then, again with the pliers, carefully roll the tab into a tube. It doesn't have to close completely, so long as it'll keep a wire in it. (If you can't get it to come out right, you could also create the hinge by punching two little holes in the sides of an uncut cap, like the adventure badges in Up.)

Slide the wire through it and make sure it rotates freely. If it doesn't, mess with it until it does.

Step 4: Make the Bracket

Picture of Make the Bracket
The bracket is the wire piece between the cap and the antenna fitting. This bit will take up a few steps due to its comparative complexity, and its execution will vary with your taste and application.

Cut seven inches or so (more than you think you'll need) of wire. If it's bent up, try to get it as straight as possible with your fingers/pliers (this will make it look nicer later). Then thread the wire through the hinge in the cap. 

With the pliers, bend a 90 degree angle (or an acute angle, if you want to make it look fancy) near the middle of the wire. Push the cap right up against this bend, and bend the wire on the other side to match. Try to bend it as close to the cap as possible. If the wire bends inside the hinge and binds, mess around with it a bit. It took me a while to get this bit to work right. (If you lose your patience, try bending the wire, then clipping the hinge onto it.)

Got the cap swinging freely? Then you're ready to move on.

Step 5: Make the Spine of the Bracket

Picture of Make the Spine of the Bracket
Pictures are better than words here, but here's an approximation. This is the part that will vary considerably with the design of your car.

Bend the two wire legs so that they curve down, meet, and turn around. Then bend the remaining legs outwards, like arms outstretched to hug the antenna post (which they will). Test fit it, and bend it around as needed until you like the look and the cap is more or less centered over the hole. Wire's pretty forgiving.

If you're using steel wire, feel free to solder up the spine. This will make the bracket stronger, but also decrease your margin for error, so make sure it's right where you want it before you plug in the iron.

Step 6: Make the Spring Return and Clips

Picture of Make the Spring Return and Clips
This is where the wind-up car spring comes in handy. If you haven't yet, smash the wind-up motor (or pry it apart if you want the little gears inside) and harvest the spring. Be careful with it; it is a spring, and it is under a bit of tension.

We need to make three parts from this spring. One of them will spring-load the cap, and the other two will hold the spring to the bracket. Again, pictures are the best guide, and your design may vary with your application. The important thing is that you have something to keep the cap in place. 

I put a little upward bend in the end of the spring so that it wouldn't grab the cap and scratch the paint. A little bead of epoxy putty, or plastic, or something else that slides easily would work just fine. (The spring doesn't attach to the cap, it only slides against it.)

Step 7: Attach the Spring to the Bracket

Picture of Attach the Spring to the Bracket
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Clip the small spring bits over the spine, slip the hold-down spring under them, and crimp them in place. If they don't want to stay in place, you can use a bit of glue here. (Use superglue to hold it down, then slop some epoxy on it; that way you don't have to hold it while it cures.) I recommend leaving it loose for now, so that you can adjust it if needed. 

Spring tension depends on application. You don't want it too terribly powerful, or the antenna will have trouble pulling the knob at the top past the cap's lip; if it's too weak it may flap around while you drive. The spring steel is pretty easy to adjust; in my application I could just slide it up or down in its clips. If you want it to be pretty, try to center the end of the spring steel on the cap. (I had to tweak the spine and the hinge arms.)

Step 8: Fit and test

Picture of Fit and test
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Remember the hugging wire arms? Bend one of them around the little wart that the antenna hides in. Then, crimp it to the other side. If needed, repeat with the other side; if not, just clip the other arm off. Mess with the loop and bracket until it fits pretty well.

This is where the duct tape comes in handy. Position the bracket where you want it, hold your breath, and turn the radio on. (Best to do this on the antenna side of the car, with the window down, so that you can reach both radio and cap in case something goes wrong.)

Did it go up okay? You aren't out of the woods yet. Turn your radio off to retract the antenna. If the knob on the antenna hangs up on the cap, you've got a little more shaping to do on the lip of the cap; you may even need to hook a little spiral of spring steel to the lip to ease it over the knob. 

(If it won't go up, check that the cap moves freely, and that the antenna isn't hitting anything else. If the antenna encounters enough resistance, it'll stop trying.)

If it all works, you're ready to sling epoxy.

Step 9: Glue it!

Picture of Glue it!
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If you're sloppy, put some newspaper over the paint around the antenna, and wad a little tape into the hole so you can't drip epoxy into the mechanism. If you're competent with epoxy, don't bother.

Mix up a dab of epoxy. (Don't use super glue for this, it's too brittle and doesn't give you time to position the bracket.) You don't need massive globs of it. I mixed too much, and used the excess to "repair" a rock hole in a headlight.

Pull the assembly off of the antenna. Carefully, using a toothpick or a nail or something, dab a little epoxy onto the wire wherever it touches the antenna housing. Try to avoid getting it where it'll show.

Then set it back where it was, re-apply the duct tape, and leave it alone while it cures.

Step 10: Finishing Touches

Picture of Finishing Touches
That should do the trick! Once the epoxy's cured, test the antenna again, just to make sure that everything's working. Adjust the hinge and bracket if they're out of whack. Finally, spray a little turtle wax on a rag and wipe down the cap and bracket to protect them from rust and to shine them up a bit.

With that, you're done. Go cruising in the snow, with the radio on, like a boss.

(You should still let the car warm up a bit before you turn on the radio, just in case. Your new cover will help keep moisture out, but it's not perfect, and nothing on a car works as well when it's cold.)

If you live in an area where you have to dig your car out of the snow before you drive it, try not to smack the cover with the broom. It's not designed to be broom resistant.
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ag310 months ago

sugru around the edges on the cap and mount might improve weatherproofing and remove the scratching concerns.

Steamfunk1 year ago
Brilliant! It's quirky, cool. What a neat conversation piece. I think it's awesome.
abbage282 years ago
Yes. Awesome.
Paulie1513 years ago
A nice idea, but I would think that over time the edge of the bottle cap would scratch the antenna.

I think a more plausible solution would be to simply drill one or two holes in the bottom of the antenna motor housing, to allow drainage. You could also attach a piece of vacuum line to direct the drainage if you wish. That's all they really do on the ones that are made to do this already.
They have that. They don't work in this instance. Water goes in, then it sticks in the plastic gears, freezes over night, and then in the morning you turn your car on with the radio on and ST-T-T-T-T-T-RIP goes the gears.
Ah! Well that just sucks!!! lol
Leanael4 years ago
nice man! Kudos!
Styluss4 years ago
TOO COOL!!

I applaud your creativity here! Excellent mod!
XOIIO4 years ago
Great project XD It's one of those ones that brings a goofy smile on my face when I see it working.
mobilejray4 years ago
Very clever!
My only recommendation would be to clean your fingernails before your next post on Instructables - sorry, but it's gross!
Kinda have to agree. Great idea but clean your fingernails, wash behind your ears and sit up straight! ;-)
Comb your hair and don't talk with your mouth full!
And always wear clean underwear in case you get in an accident. :-p
ilpug Sabata4 years ago
are you the guy with the lime?
If you've got a problem with a little dirt under the nails, perhaps you're on the wrong forum. I mean *really*!

I was about to comment that the poster's nails were of the perfectly appropriate length in order to serve as the God-given, free and incredibly useful tools we were all born with...dirty or not. Too many folks clip, grind, chew or otherwise mutilate their nails until they are nearly useless appendages.

If they only knew how useful fingernails are; but they never will.
Darwinfish (author)  mobilejray4 years ago
LOL sorry about that. The stuff on my thumbnail (I assume that's what you're talking about) is spray paint, wearing off slowly (because I don't wash with paint thinner). If it looks nasty now, you should've seen it when it was fresh. XD
I can photoshop it out if you want - you are an amazing maker.
If you are that picky, obviously you don't do much work. My fingernails get cleaned every day besides hand washing and showering, but then dirty again a few minutes later.
Wats up, Ac-dc? dont you remember me? its Tesla! I invented half of you!
criggie4 years ago
Glue a bottle cap to the top of the aerial, so when it lowers, it covers the join. No moving parts.
That could become an aerodynamics problem for the antenna.

Adding a bottlecap drogue chute on the end could modify the antenna into a new instructable - how to replace a bent/broken power antenna.

Your mileage may vary, depending upon road conditions and driving habits. ;)



Darwinfish (author)  criggie4 years ago
Funny you should mention that, I thought the same thing the morning after I finished this. Either would work, and yes, the bottle cap glued to the antenna might even work better. But this is more fun to watch. XD
Attach it with sugru - will glue the cap to the antenna and act as a seal when its closed. Awesome.
Good idea - but we don't have that product here.
I only buy it on the internet from their website.
Mine's a non-retracting 3" steel tube schnorkel which does double duty as an FM radio aerial at the same time. Also (mostly) protects the cellphone aerial from branches etc. Also, I don't get ice problems because I park in a carport.

Nice fix - good work.
Calorie4 years ago
Nice job. I got a good laugh out of it (in a good way.) My Camry suffers from the bent antennae phenomena. I've given up on my power antennae.

One suggestion though. You might want to find a way to prevent the cap edge from being sharp. Or perhaps it is better to say you want to prevent any scratching and keeping the friction to a minimum.

Great idea. Sometimes the simplest ideas are the best, and the most fun.
Fik4 years ago
Good idea, but I think there may be risk of electrically grounding the antenna with the bottle cap (shorting the radio signal). Perhaps we can use a pill bottle cap or a similar one made of plastic.
Darwinfish (author)  Fik4 years ago
The assembly's glued to plastic, so I don't think it's doing much grounding (I haven't noticed any change in signal strength). Good thought though, I didn't even consider signal issues when I designed this.
Fik Darwinfish4 years ago
I was not thinking of a DC short but of a RF short caused by the stray capacitance between wire and metal (surely not noticeable in the low frequency AM band).
Still, you have not noticed any change in signal strength, so I was wrong in this regard. The only other consideration with the metallic cap is the possibility of rust.
seabee8904 years ago
i have used bits of spring steel to make fine cut tools for wood and clay (my wife makes silver clay jewelry) those on dowel rods are perfect
jpnagle594 years ago
You are a king ! Very good thought process here. I myself 'ain't that' clever. To all those people who commented on your finger nails- You need to add a section to the build to outline using spray paint. Make sure you stress that the builder should not wear latex gloves or what not, because the paint will melt the gloves. THEN everybody would have paint on the nail's, so to speak. Great job- now where did I put the spray paint...
Achan204 years ago
i dont have an antenna like that. but this makes me want one like it. very cool. i like it.
You have made a beautiful thing.
davIRE4 years ago
wow thats such a clever simple design, congrats
jakdedert4 years ago
I agree with the kudos. While I would probably obsess and try to find something a little more 'elegant' to put on my car, on reflection this is perfect. The build quality and instructions are superb, although I'd like to see a little more 'macro' in the photos to detail the bending/binding of the spring onto the mount.

That said, I also agree with the poster who suggested a simple 'top-hat' design would be simpler. Perhaps that could be combined with some sort of socket collar around the base in order to make a better seal...or an O-ring under the top-hat section itself for simplicity.
tkjtkj4 years ago
Very nice 'structable!! I like simple, elegant design, and this has it.
Now, as a lil present to those so unfortunate as not to have such a power antenna, why not glue (or Sugru) a bottlecap the the tip of your existing antenna!.. Watch others as they stand in disbelief that you have a power antenna in a place where its impossible to have one! and, of course, with no moving parts ..

(I think its more elegant than those dumbo lil plastic balls they fix to antenna tips, anyway)
ac-dc4 years ago
I know it's a crazy thought, but if you replaced the power antenna with a fixed antenna you'd not only fix it, you'd never have to worry about the motor or gearing breaking someday... just a thought...
Darwinfish (author)  ac-dc4 years ago
Yes, but where's the fun in that?
BluesHarp4 years ago
reading through all the comments, yes, there may be more elegant looking solutions ... but I personally like this one ... it just has a little steam-punk-ish flare to it that adds character. Good job!!
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