Portable USB Charger (Version 2.0)





Introduction: Portable USB Charger (Version 2.0)

The project name says it all. It is a device that will charge things like Ipods, PDAs, other other devices that plugs into a USB to charge.

Step 1: Supplies

The parts needed for this project are all in the second picture.

You will require:

LM or MC 7805 +5VDC Voltage Regulator
Type-A Female USB Port
100 UF Electrolytic Capacitor 10-50v
0.1-0.5 UF Capacitor  6-50v (any type would do)
150-160 ohm Resistor (optional)
9V Battery clip
2.2V 20mA LED color of your choice (optional)
Unprinted circuit board
ON/OFF Switch (optional)

These parts can be easily purchased at your local electronic store, like Radio Shack. Or you can buy them online at:


USB port:

100 uF Capacitor:

0.1 uF Capacitor:

Step 2: The Circuit Board (Simple Way)

The following picture shows the prepared PCB before putting in the necessary components.

What your looking at is the underside of a PCB with the copper foil facing you.
The gray line represent the location where the cut is to be made. Make sure that the 3 sections are electrically isolated (do not conduct to each other).  If you have a dremel tool, you can score the copper cladding with a cutting wheel.

The black dots are the locations where holes are to be drilled.

Step 3: Attching the Components

Watch the polarity when putting in the components, especially the regulator, or it will get very hot and burn out.

*BEFORE plugging in your USB device to this charger, test the charger's output using a multimeter. Hookup the 9-volt battery and measure voltage output, it should be between 4.8-volts to 5.2 volts.

*If the black light comes on when you plug the iPod into the charger, that means the charger is working correctly, and if the black light doesn't come on after 3 seconds, remove the iPod from the charger immediately, and recheck your charger for shorting or incorrect polarity.

*If you double checked the output and still no luck, try attaching a resistor bank described in the comments below to the data lines.

Step 4: The Printed Circuit Board

The first picture is the circuit that is to be etched onto the PCB, the second picture shows where everything should go.

*Your looking at the side with the copper foil, so watch the polarity when putting in the components

Step 5: Printed Circuit With LED

This design incorporates a LED which will be lit when the device is turned on.

Step 6: Adding the Switch

Add a switch to this circuit is very simple, it'll save a lot of battery when you turn it off than just leaving it on idle. You can attach the switch anywhere BEFORE the capacitor (if you did not use a capacitor, then before the 7805).

Step 7: Done!

Now that you've finished building your own USB charger, all you have left to do is to put it in a nice box and show it off to your friends!



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what r the ways 2 boost d charging rate???

why do v use capacitors??

1 Amp is not good enough for a phone charger...i have very cheap china car charger rated at 5 volt and 2 Amp the charging is fast and quick better than original samsung charger. And of course the device is dirt cheap as always...I am starting to believe what China these days

Hello sir,
I have a doubt regarding PCB etching provided.
The 7805 has the 2nd terminal as ground and 3rd terminal as output but the design given seems to have 2nd terminal connected to output and 3rdterminal to ground(As it seems to be connected to -ve terminal of battery). Can you please provide an explaination where I could've gone wrong in the interpretation?

this circuit is able to imput charge in the battery for reacharger?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B6hxCUuh1Q4 what and Make by Own Best of Luck

i'm willing to build a buck-boost converter (5v output) for my thermoelectric generator. For now i'm still cant design it. So the alternative way for me is to build a boost converter and make sure input of those converter doesnt exceed 5v. My question, can i use this circuit as the boost converter?

Can you use a rechargeable 9V battery? As I plan to have the battery hooked up to a solar panel as part of my AS level DT project