Pre-amp to Electret Mic!

55,915

62

38

Posted

Introduction: Pre-amp to Electret Mic!

This circuit is very easy to do!
and all parts of it are easy to find!
It is nice to put together with design of Rtty21https://www.instructables.com/id/Easy-AM-Transmitter/
"The easy transmitter am"
so you can talk on the radio or put somewhere
hear the conversations of others!
=================================================================================
the parts you'll need for this project will be!
Q1 = 2N3904
R1 = 10k
R2 = 100k
R3 = 10k
C1 = 0.1μf or if you prefer 104 or 100n
C2 = 0.1μf or if you prefer 104 or 100n
MIC1 = a common electret microphone
=================================================================================
to put it together to design rtty21
and just put the place marked as output to next stage
pin 4 for the 555 (ne555/lm555/7555/ka555)
and ready to feed it to the same source of another circuit!
=================================================================================
My First Instructables
Yeah!!!!  XD
=================================================================================
with some debt and send a comment I will try to solve your problem!
=================================================================================

• See 1 more that made it

Recommendations

• Large Motors Class

7,827 Enrolled

• Pocket-Sized Contest

We have a be nice policy.

Questions

I made this circuit and was able to record some good audio connecting it to my systems's mic port, however there's this background noise that get's very prominent when I use a 9V source, with a 5V source it seemed somewhat eliminated.

How can I remove noise?

Can i use 2n222 transistor for this circuit

So I've been fiddling with the featured circuit more, to see if I could control the circuit characteristics more precisely. In particular, I wanted a circuit that "idles" with a V(ce) of 4.5V (since I'm powering it with a 9V battery) and I want 20 mA going across R3. I also want the output from the microphone to center on 4.5V. Using datasheets, Kirchoff's Laws, arithmetic, and a little trial and error, I've come up with these recommendations:

R1 - 18k (this could vary depending on your electret microphone)

R2 - 68k

R3 - 220 ohm

This makes for a satisfyingly sensitive microphone, and the electrical characteristics are about where I want them to be. I could probably rejigger this so that it runs on less current, but then I'd also have to figure out new R2 and R3 values (since, for what I understand to be best performance (which you supposedly get when Vce is half of Vcc), the current is going to determine R3 and therefore R2).

... you know, a smarter person than me wouldn't have spent so much time trying to work with data sheets and algebra and so forth. It's two simple steps:

1) Once you've decided on the current you want at Q, that tells you what R3 needs to be: it's Vcc divided by current, divided by 2 (because the intention is for the drop across R3 to be half of Vcc, and the other half will be across the transistor).

2) How to figure out what R2 needs to be to keep the transistor at half of Vcc? Just hook up a potentiometer, and adjust it until the voltage across the transistor is indeed half of Vcc. Then measure the resistance on the potentiometer.

When I just did this, I ended up with 72k; pretty close to what I got via much more complicated means earlier. Except using the potentiometer it took me less than five seconds.

For R2 and R3, values of 470k and 1k seem to work pretty well too.

Is the output considered "line level" ?

This is sweet. I bought some super cheap electret mikes recently, and this is the third preamp I've tried to build. It's also the only one that works well. (I got a very nice progression from the first circuit as not working at all, to the second one working poorly and now this one working satisfactorily.