Introduction: Precision High Speed Micro Drill Press From 'Useful Material'

Fabricated precision high speed micro drill press mainly from ‘useful material’ (someone else's ‘junk’ and scrap)

My first Instructable, try not to be too nasty .

Many thanks to Andrea Biffi for posting his cheap circuit board drill press and getting me interested in making one and for comments telling me I should document my building process for an Instructable

https://www.instructables.com/id/Cheap-precision-dr...

A little background.

I consider myself a motorcycle mechanic as I’ve been working on ‘bikes’ for over 40 yrs.including almost 12 years teaching at motorcycle school in Orlando Florida until 2011. I already own all the tools, taps, dies, drills, etc from years of working on motorcycles and realise most people won't be that 'lucky' (the downside of having a 'proper job')

For the last several years I’ve been ‘playing’ with 1970’s Honda’s and Yamaha’s, specifically XS650 and CB350/360. With the resurgence of ‘Cafe Culture’ and people going for a specific ‘look’ I’ve been having fun modifying carburettors to work with aftermarket air filters (‘pods’) It entails drilling new holes and making ‘precision’ pieces, some of the holes are only 0.035mm diameter and none are over 1.5mm diameter. I needed a high speed drill press to use the available carbide drill bits, they shatter if you try to use them by hand in pin vice or if they are run too slowly in a normal drill press

Anyway, on with the build, sorry to everyone if I've oversimplified everything or should have added more steps and pictures, you can always ask in comments section, I can take pictures of the finished piece

Tools required

Drill press

Hole saws, 1.5" & 1.75"

HSS Drill bit set; I have one in 1/64” increments from 1/16” to ½”

Tapping drills for 4mm, 5mm and 6mm taps

4mm, 5mm 6mm taps and tap handle

1/4x20 inch size tap (standard thread for camera mounts - another hobby)

Countersink bit

Assorted metric screws, 3mm, 4mm, 5mm, 6mm countersunk/flat head

Divider for marking circles (compass would probably work just as well)

Hacksaw

Bench Vice

Pliers

Screwdrivers/Allen keys

Propane torch (or some way to melt lead for counterweight)

Assorted files, flat, round, etc

A lathe and milling machine would be nice but everything can be done with drill press and hand tools

Material required

1.5”x1” Aluminium box section, cut and welded at 90 degree angle – surplus store – I got lucky and the reason I decided to make 'drill press'. Steel could be used, would be easier to weld and hold threads better but more difficult to drill and tap

¾” square aluminium box section, about 1ft long

Small square piece to fit inside ¾” box section for mounting, roughly ½” x 1/2" x 1”, I had a scrap piece from some old frame (chair, window? no idea)

2 pieces aluminium 3/16” thick1-1/2 ~ 2” long, spacer/mountings - scrap offcuts, until I found a use for them

aluminium block 2.5" x 1" x 2" - off-cut I had after making a fork brace for CB360 - probably from eBay? (I forget)

Aluminium plate, about 3" square, 3/8" thick - had it in toolbox for last 20 yrs, always knew I would find a use for it

I used to get a lot of aluminium offcuts and odd bits from Skycraft (http://www.skycraftsurplus.com/) so had almost everything laying around

Pulley, I used 2”x 1/4” with 1/16” wide groove, something I made several years ago when learning machining

‘Fotomate’ camera macro rack and pinion focusing device - eBay

3.5mm steel plates –free - front axle steady plate from a motorcycle transportation crate – ask your local motorcycle shop if they have any ‘useful material’ (scrap crate parts)

¾” x1/8" aluminium angle, about 14”~18” for cross piece, came off a bench edge -free

Old lead wheel and fishing weights – I used a little over 12oz

‘Dremel’ style rotary tool - eBay - the most expensive part

4x rubber feet

Old toothbrush to make lever

2x ‘Chocolate block’ electrical connectors

18" x 1/16” dia high tensile wire ‘rope’ – I had some from a project that ‘failed’- couldn’t solder Teflon coated stainless steel wire even after coating was removed

The 99% finished item so you can see what it looks like is at top

It’s probably best to get ‘Dremel’ clone and macro focusing rack before cutting anything

When you know length of rotary tool and ‘Fotomate’ macro focus rack, you can start making some measurements for cutting box section angle piece.

Step 1: Deciding Approximate Height and Positions of Parts, Drilling, Tapping and Fitting

When you know length of rotary tool and ‘Fotomate’ macro focus rack, you can start making some measurements for cutting angle piece

The Fotomate base will give the size of extender block and move rotary tool away from main upright

The chuck doesn't need to be closer than about 3/4" to base when rack is fully extended in downward position, the drill bit will make up the difference

Cut base and upright to length, save cut off pieces.

One end already had a 45degree angle cut, I used that for extension block - the angle is useful later

Drill 5mm holes all the way through upright and extender, on center line, about 3/4" from top edge. The rearmost hole needs to be opened up large enough for a countersink bit, the next to 6mm and countersunk for flat head screw. The extender gets threaded 6x1mm and bolted to upright.

Flip upright onto back and mark/drill 5mm hole under the angle end, remove the extender drill hole to 6mm and countersink, tap hole in upright 6x1mm

Place Fotomate on extender, line up with top edge and use 5mm drill bit to mark hole position. Drill first hole, tap 6x1 and mount macro base to extender. Line everything up, use Allen key through 6mm tapped hole in back to tighten screw. Mount extender onto upright with both screws to check everything is 'square', single bolt between macro base and extender allows it to be lined up properly, countersunk screws mean extender will always go back in same position on upright. When macro base is 'right' remove extender and drill second base mounting hole 5mm through extender and macro base

Step 2: Fitting Rotary Tool to Macro Base, Top and Bottom Motor Mounts

The original pieces I had were not going to work so I made top and bottom 'motor mounts' from pieces I had laying around

Top mount

measure motor body diameter, either use caliper or measure circumference with tape measure and use math

Because of switches, brush holders, etc, top mount has to be a two piece unit. The rear of mount will be drilled and tapped on center1/4x20 for camera mounting screws (sorry, no pic of that)

Stand on edge in drill press, drill down through close enough to edge to allow a hole to be cut for motor body (pic 1)

Lay flat and cut across centre. Open holes in outer piece to clearance 5mm Allen bolt, tap holes in inner piece 5x0.8mm. Bolt both pieces together, lay flat in drill vice and use 1-3/4" hole saw. Saw cuts slightly oversize so not much work needs to be done to correct size for motor body

Lower mount

There are no protrusions on 'nose' of rotary tool so only one clamp bolt is needed

The only thing that is real important is that the top and bottom are on the same relative centre

Back is tapped 1/4x20

Step 3: Counterweight

I was getting a bit bored so decided to 'burn stuff'

Used a stainless steel ketchup container to melt down several stick on wheel weights (without any 'stick') and a couple of old fishing weights

Used a piece of the cut off box section to make a 'mold' and a piece of coat hanger to make a loop

First attempt was a disaster, mold too cold drew all the heat out of lead. Second one worked OK, but, forgot to allow clearance for fixing bolts

Third time, added extra wheel weights to melt, pre-heat modified mold, pour, allow to cool, remove, then realise it's still too tight to fit upright (I expected some shrinkage but it didn't happen.

Beat lead with hammer, beat some more, clamp in vice and use a flat punch to flatten things out and allow sliding fit in upright. Total weight around 12 oz

Step 4: Pulley Extension, Pulley and Counterweight Cable

Use the 3/4" box section inside the extender block. At top, drill 5/16" hole on center line approx 1.25"~1.5" from top edge. Use hacksaw to make a round bottomed slot. Cross drill for pulley axle shaft and fit pulley. Remove pulley and file slot smooth so it turn free (doh)

Place motor in approximate position and realise it's a lot taller than you thought, extend pulley stand so top edge is around 1" above cable strain relief.Mark position, and use scrap pieces to fill up excess width. Drill and tap for 6mm flat head screws no critical measurements

Step 5: Cross Pieces for Stability, Feet, Work Table and Operating Lever

1. Use the 3/4" angle to make front and rear cross pieces. Clamp in position and drill through with tapping drill for 5mm screws. Countersink holes and tap 5x0.8mm in base.

Before re-fitting, drill ends for rubber feet and fit feet

2. Mark position for mounting holes on bottom of base box section. Drill through with tapping drill for 5x0.8mm thread.

Open up lower hole to allow tapping of 'top' hole but don't tap yet. Clamp steel plate in position and mark mounting hole position. Remove plate and tap holes in top surface (it's easier to work on 'front' hole from underneath, I ended up doing all of them from the bottom)

Drill and countersink 'work table', if it's radiused like mine make sure you do correct side

Last thing to do is make operating lever.I had a small triangular piece of scrap aluminium so cut it down. Drill hole for pinion wheel. cut off toothbrush handle and round one end (it's originally oval ) make a rough measurement and drill aluminium piece 90 degrees to pinion hole. I haven't finished the final step but I have marked locations on picture

Step 6:

Comments

author
crazypj made it!(author)2014-06-02

Bit of an update.

Not the best pic but you can see the drilling guide I made and the brass emulsion tube before drilling.

Doesn't work quite as well as expected (or maybe it's just me?) broke several drills, I think the bearings are going to need adjusting (probably make new bronze bushings or fit precision bearings)

The emulsion tubes do change the fuel supply curve to where I expected though so it's all good, experimenting is never easy :)

Lever down 1.JPG
author
Bill+WW made it!(author)2014-04-25

Great project and great idea. So much better to use your setup for small precise drilling rather than use a big drill press like I try to do.

I like your sandals in step #1 - my feet always show up in my Instructable photos also, but unfortunately not as many opportunities for sandals where I am.

author
Ricardo+Furioso made it!(author)2014-04-16

Thank you. This is great.
Please. What heat source did you use to melt the lead in the stainless container?

author
crazypj made it!(author)2014-04-17

I used an ordinary propane torch/blowlamp but a barbecue or similar could also be used. It could be melted on a hotplate (stove top) but the lead may be giving off poisonous fumes so I wouldn't do that

author
sguthula made it!(author)2014-04-16

I always thought of making one. A small drilling/milling/lathe machine build with a Power drill. Would work for most home projects. Will definitely build this. There are many thing we can do with a power drill. I had earlier made a micro drill bit out of a paper pin for drilling tiny holes on balsa wood.

author
crazypj made it!(author)2014-04-16

I finished it off with 'toothbrush handle' operating lever, 180 degree rotation is 10mm travel on Fotomate (just in case anyone needed to know)

Some pictures showing lever up and rotated 180 degrees with the amount of travel. Lever makes feeding much more controllable. Last pic is the new VM emulsion tube that needs air bleed holes drilled

I'm going to have to make a micro angle vice next (after lacing some motorcycle wheels)

Lever down 1.JPGLever down 2.JPGLever up 1.JPGLever up 2.JPGDSCN6006.JPG
author
legamin made it!(author)2014-04-15

I used all my skills and tools and even one of my six Dremmel tools to try for cheap... But the machining part kept 'getting' me. Oh well, went to Sears and bought a decent mini Dremel press for $20.00. Got home and realized it was fit for Sears brand rotary tools and NOT Dremmel! Doh! So some sleeve making, remaking and, yes, machining later... I can proudly say I have a modified overpriced but acceptable precision press drill. It has been accurate enough to retrofit a balance staff from a '$2.00 watch pocket watch' to a big old Timex wristwatch that I could no longer find the piece for... So long live enginuity and the cost of failure...

author
snoopindaweb made it!(author)2014-04-15

I have a Craftsman drill press made for their old metal bodied hand drills. It can be "adjusted" without needing any cutting, etc. I seen some on ebay, some even with the old hand drills to boot. I rigged Mine for a dremil. :- }

author
KROKKENOSTER made it!(author)2014-04-15

Fantastic instructable we have here! Pity I did get it a wee bit late for me. I had to supply my own tools when I was still working and NEVER pass a pawn shop A wrench that did work but was not abused is better than a new one as any fault by now is worked out and reliable proven even if it is a cheap tool when made

author
Wazzupdoc made it!(author)2014-04-15

Great job! Using tools to make tools. I relaced the front wheel of my XS650. Sadly, that is that is left. :( I miss her.

author
bob3030 made it!(author)2014-04-13

Good job repurposing the "fotomate" as a rack and pinion mount. Thanks for sharing. How about sharing some of your bike projects too? Maybe just portions of the bike builds?

author
crazypj made it!(author)2014-04-14

I'll take some pictures of re-lacing rear wheel with new rim and spokes

author
crazypj made it!(author)2014-04-14

Hi Costarus,

I used counterweight specifically to avoid increased resistance from a spring stretching. I'll get a video of it in use making new emulsion tubes for Mikuni VM carburettors. Drilling through 8~10mm round brass is a lot deeper than majority of people will want to do (which is why I put this in motorcycle section rather than electronics where I found the original)

bob3030, I'm working on a 1968 Suzuki T305 at present, doing a 'resto-mod'. Already made a few parts but didn't think to take pictures

author
Costarus made it!(author)2014-04-13

I did a similar instrument. From wood. Used relse for furniture. Instead of spring, it is better to use the goods. Spring increases the resistance from stretching. Cargo works evenly.

Screenshot_58.jpg
author
andrea+biffi made it!(author)2014-04-09

hey thanks for linking to my ible :)

awesome work!

author
crazypj made it!(author)2014-04-09

I remember what the 'wire rope' was, bicycle brake inner wire.

Almost any 90 degree angle frame can be easily adapted to hold macro rail, I've recently been looking at old aluminium window frames

author
Danger+is+my+middle+name made it!(author)2014-04-08

Great idea, thanks for sharing!

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Bio: Working on motorcycle since age 11 Instructor at MMI from 2000 until mid 2011. Started in a Honda/Yamaha/(old) Triumph twin dealers, moved to ... More »
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