Do you like making electrical gadgets? Read on to find how to make them look indistinguishable from professional shop-bought equipment with nothing more than a can of spray glue and some OHP transparencies.

Whether you are just making a flashlight or designing the greatest microcomputer-controlled device, making the finished product look professional adds an enormous amount to the 'wow-factor' of your finished gadget. The big device in the image is nothing more than a switch box to control some lights in a school production of "Carmen" (hency the tacky pun with the name), but it looks like a commercial shop-bought product because of the use of a few simple techniques described here.
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Step 1: Choose a box

Picture of Choose a box
Gone are the days when you have to choose a boring black square-edged enclosure for your device - now there are hundreds of choices, some with lovely smooth edges and even rubber hand grips. Go to somewhere like Digikey in the US or Rapid in Europe, and choose a box that is the right size and look for your project. Ideally, get one with a recessed area on the front panel for an overlay - in this image, you can see that each of these has a front panel area that is recessed by a fraction of an inch.

Step 2: Design the Graphics

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Use a program to design the front panel overlay - I use Adobe Illustrator, but that is not the easiest to use (or the cheapest). Something like CorelDraw is more user friendly, but even Word, Publisher or even Powerpoint can work just as well.

Measure the 'recess' area of your box, and make your design a few millimetres (1/8") larger all-around - this is called a 'bleed', and is there so you can chop off the edges and have color going all the way to the edge of your design. Work out where you want any buttons or other components, and accurately position text to label these. Choose an interesting font (preferably other than Times New Roman and Arial - these look boring just because they are used for everything!)

To make it look really classy, put an image behind the text - I use a istockphoto which costs only a dollar or two for that perfect background image, but you can easily find free ones on a Google Image Search as long as you are not going to churn out thousands of widgets to sell and get yourself in trouble with licensing issues.

Finally reverse the design (most graphics programs have a "mirror image" function), and print it out on an OHP transparency sheet. If you can't find out how to reverse the image in your package, you can probably tell your printer to do this for you (many inkjets have this function built in to allow you to do things like T-Shirt transfers). Failing that, you don't really even need to reverse the image - but if you can, it just means you can turn the transparency over after printing, and the ink will be on the reverse side of the plastic, and will then stay protected for life and not scratch off. Alternatively, you could use a 'fixative' spray on the ink (like a lacquer), or stick another clear sheet of OHP film on top. Here is an image I have printed reversed from my color laser (the photo here shows it turned back around the right way). If you are using a laser, make sure you get a proper 'laser/photocopier' transparency that will withstand the heat, and if using an inkjet, use a proper inkjet transparency that is coated to make the ink stick.

Step 3: Stick it On!

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Now time to stick it on - before you do this you will need to trim off the "bleed" - ideally with a guillotine, but scissors will do if you are qualified to use them! If you have holes to drill, you can then temporarily hold the overlay in the right place and then drill some small pilot holes through the transparency (and box), to get your positioning spot-on. Then remove the transparency, and then drill the proper-sized holes in the box.

To stick the transparency on, use a spray adhesive like "3M Display Mount". A light mist is all that is required - you don't want to gum up all over the transparency, otherwise it might show through the writing. Most glues works fine with laser printer toner, but if you are using an inkjet, try it first to check that it won't dissolve the ink - you may need to try a couple of different glues, or failing that, seal the ink first using a spray-on "Fixative" (just make sure that doesn't dissolve the ink as well!) If your inkjet ink isn't water soluble, you could even paint on some white acrylic paint on the back - particularly useful if the surface you are applying the overlay on is a dark colour, as otherwise you won't be able to see white through it. I always try to find light boxes, and then use a dark background image with light writing - this always looks good.

Step 4: Cut out Holes

Picture of Cut out Holes
Next, turn your front panel over, and use a sharp knife to cut out the transparency showing through the holes. This provides a cleaner hole than just drilling though both transparency and the box at the same time.

If you are using displays in your project, you can leave a clear window in your design for the display to show through. This way, cutting out a slightly oversized hole doesn't matter either, as the edges of the ink will hide the rough edges of the hole. With a bank of square buttons like the remote control in the first picture, again the square hole can be oversized - just make sure that you cut out the square hole in the transparency before sticking on, use a sharp knife and ruler, and make it a little smaller than the cut-out in the box - this again will hide the rough edges.

Step 5: Insert the Components

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Now turn it back over and push through the components - panel-mount components will have a nut on the reverse side to fix them, which can be tightened now.

Always choose components like these switches below which have a lip around them, as this will hide an oversize or roughly-cut hole in either the plastic box or the transparency.

Step 6: The Hard Work!

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Now you wire up your components / circuitry etc. Can't tell you how to do this, as it will depend on what you're building! (Hopefully you have your own brilliant idea for a gadget by now that could use this technique!). This is a simple switch box for lights, so wiring was very easy.

Step 7: All Done!

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Re-assemble your box, and you are all done. Time to impress your friends with something they won't believe you made yourself!
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lazydiyer3 years ago
Outstanding ! Great idea and great tutorial. I've used a similar idea in the past but you really put the finishing touches on this. Love it. And will definitely use it !
nelfer6 years ago
Awesome idea! I was wondering how to do something to look professional and you answered!
i might make 1 that will look betta and advatize my website and for the buttons i will have a holes for a curcuit tester so i can easly make it a led, battery, and componet tester lol i can plug it in to my digital maulti meter as the curcuit and battery tester lol easy no real curcit behing it but the ristous for diffrend power lol
what r they ment to do???
oupps i c u have in step 6 what u use it for oupps
Instead of spending money at places like istockphoto, I use sxc.hu as it's free and the images are great!
WingDings7 years ago
Good job! Thank you for posting this - it's a really good idea. Do you think if you put a transparency on a black (or dark coloured) box you could put some (reflective) aluminium foil behind it? So glue that on, then glue the transparency on top - then you have a back-reflective graphic?
try using foil tape you can get it at the hardware store normally with the ducting stuff.
tomward (author)  WingDings7 years ago
Interesting idea - worth a try - might be hard to get the foil to have an uneven, non-wrinkled appearance - perhaps a spray-on silvered paint might be worth a try as well. Not sure what advantage over a white background this would offer - presumably a higher reflectivitiy, and the appearance of silvered areas?
marc926 years ago
Does anyone know of an easy way to cut rectangular holes into plastic enclosures like the ones used here? If so, I'd be glad to hear about it.
i normaly use a cut-off wheel on a dremel but that doesnt work well for small holes. you need to use low speed to avoid melting the plastic.
tomward (author)  marc926 years ago
It isn't the fastest, but using a nibbler you can get nice square edges. First drill and then nibble! Sometimes I use files as well. You can get punch/die sets if you need to get neat results quickly (production runs), but that is much more expensive.
Here is an inexpensive version if you are my side of the Atlantic.
siloraptor7 years ago
Thanks for posting, great info and ideas and the "Extreme Business Cards" one too.
emac7 years ago
cool good job
Hawaii000007 years ago
Wow its rayed 75 seems that everyone wants to make professional looking gadgets.
heathbar647 years ago
Hey, this is just what I needed for professional looking prototypes and technical jokes. but I don't know what you mean by ohp transparencies. what is it and where do I get it?
tomward (author)  heathbar647 years ago
Overhead projector transparencies - thin sheets of clear material (usually polyester I think), designed to run through photocopiers or laser printers - the sort that teachers used to use to write on and project up on a board, but the ones designed for laser printers/photocopiers can withstand the heat of these machines.
kennyeddy7 years ago
Here's what I do: Print graphics right-side up on full-sheet label paper (like Office Depot 612071 or 612291), then stick full-sheet laminating film (like office Depot 365475) over that. Peel the liner off the paper side and stick to the box. Now you have a nice graphic with a protective plastic film over it. Also, metal electrical junction boxes with a blank cover make nice sturdy boxes, cheap!
An adage about stones and glass houses comes to mind :P Very nicely done Instructable.
gannon7 years ago
Nicely done--thanks for sharing.
thadrien7 years ago
Great ! It is cool to know this because most of gadgets are good but doesn't looks as good as they can be. Thanks !
mrfixitrick7 years ago
Love this instructable! Thanks for the ideas and a laugh or two reading the comments, too!
guyfrom7up7 years ago
aha! I found one typo! In the last paragraph of the 2nd step you said: it just means you can turn the transparency over after printing, and the ink will be on the reverse side of the plastic, and will then stay protected for life and not scratch off. You should have said "you can't turn" Don't feel bad, one of my longer instructables had over 100 errors after I published it, later I went back and fixed a ton of them.
I'm fairly sure he got it right the first time actually, maybe just me though.
It's not just you. He meant can. He prints the image reversed so that when it's printed out he flips the transparency over to apply it. This means that the printed surface is actually on the side that's glued onto the box, which protects it from smudging/smearing/scratching/general damage.
Keith-Kid7 years ago
Lol the new and improved Carmen Electra! That oughtta bring new people
Keith-Kid7 years ago
guyfrom7up is right, very proffesional instructable. God instructable by the way!
you mean good instructable i think :)
tomward (author)  joejoerowley7 years ago
I prefer to think that he was referring to me as a Deity - am I getting too big-headed here?
no my lord, your head is of regular size
Yeah, you are deity based on all of your comments and ratings. Great instructable or should I say god instructable. :)
marc927 years ago
Great Instructable but one question. What is the Carmen Electra device used for?
tomward (author)  marc927 years ago
The text alludes to it in the "Intro" page - basically I did some special effects for a production of "Carmen" - as it was an electrical control box for "Carmen" - I named in "Carmen Electra" (sorry for the bad joke if you know of the actress!). There were strip lights on each step (made of strings of high power LEDs) that were activated in sequence by the switches. The last switch was to control a "pyro" - in this case an explosion/puff of smoke. Also had a hand-held flame thrower which was great fun!
marc92 tomward7 years ago
Cool. Lucky that you get to use pyrotechnics in a school play. :)
tomward (author)  marc927 years ago
Yes, but I must admit that I didn't really ask anyone before hand :) Our health and safety officer got very worried when she saw me asking for a long ladder to change the pyro devices after each performance. She asked me to make sure that no children go up the ladder - I told her that there was no problem - the children would be holding the explosives at the bottom of the ladder.
marc92 tomward7 years ago
Hahaha. My former director was like that. She let me and my crew do what ever I wanted and still managed to produce a damn good show.
Yeah,I was wondering the same thing. It looks like an igniter kind of.IDK. Please fill us in. :) Great instructable btw.
trebuchet037 years ago
Looks great :) Although, I do love making things that look like they just can't work.
Gotta agree with everyone else, this is a great instructable. And when I make my next gadget I'll know to order a box from Rapid. I would order from the US place but Rapid is much better organized, I know what I'm getting there.
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