Introduction: Proper Care of American Toads (bufo Americanus)
Toads can be great pets if you know how to properly keep them. This instructable will show you how to make a tank, feed, and care for your american toad!
Step 1: Toad Facts and Basics
Toads are relativly easy animals to care for. They do not need to much humidity and are perfectly safe to handle. They do not need big bodys of water because there skin is more dry. They can be found under rocks, logs, and leaves in the woods and behind your house. American toads are native to almost all parts of America and are not hard to find.
Step 2: Tank
The tank you put your toad in should be a good size. You can use an aquarium or a big plastic storge box. For aquariums the minimum for a toad is 10 gallons, and for a plastic storage box no less then 1 1/2 feet lonfg and 1 foot wide. Make sure you have a secure top on the tank with good ventalation.
Step 3: Tank Setup
One of the most important parts of keeping toads as pets is making sure they have a nice cozey place to stay. There are 3 main things that must be in a toad tank, water, substrate (dirt, moss, gravel) and hiding places. If you look at the picture below the tank in the picture has all those 3 things.
Step 4: Substrate
Substrate is what your toad will be living on so it it is very important. Good substrates are clean dirt, moss, bark, and some gravel. Make sure you pute about 3 inches of substrate on the bottom of the tank so that your toad can burrow. A good company to get dirt from is Eco-earth, they make dirt substrate for reptiles and amphibians. It comes in a hard block of dirt so you must soak it in water before using it in the toad habitat.
Step 5: Water
Water is not as improtant to toads as it is to frogs. Toads have dryer skin so they do not need to keep it as wet. For your toad habitat a good sized water bowl that the toad can fit his whole body up to his neck in is good. You will also need to spray water all over the habitat with a spray bottle untile everything is moist. Make sure you use de-chlorinated water, you can get water de-chlorinators for reptiles at your local pet store.
Step 6: Hiding Place
American toads are noctournal so they only come out at night but sometimes in the day. So your toad will need a place to sleep in the day time. There are many availabe reptile hides at pet stores but you can easily make your own. Take a cup or plastic container and flip it upside down, then cut a hole big enough for the toad to get into and place in in the cage. The pictures below are of a homemade hide and the hide in my toad habitat that was bought at the pet store.
Step 7: Food
Toads are carnivours so they dont eat any plants. They will only eat live insect such as crickets, mealworms, and wax worms, witch can all be bought at your local pet store. Everynow and then put white calcium dust from the pet store on crickets so they are more healthy for your toad. Large toads can also eat small mice but it is not recommeded to feed them mice very often.
Step 8: Handling and Cautions
You can handle your toad! At first your toad may be frightened of you but after a few weeks they get more tame. They are not dangerouse unless you get bigger kinds of toads like cane toads wich have a powerfull poison that can only be dangerouse if swallowed. Make sure you wash your hands after holding your toad!
Step 9: Where to Get a Toad
You can find a toad at your house are in the woods easily, just go out a night with a flashlight and look around and you can usually find many of them. You can also buy them from pet stores or online.
Step 10: Your Ready!
you are now ready to take good care of a toad! have fun!!