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First, you need to get a knife and chop of the top of the pepper and remove the core, which contains the seeds. Heres an instuctable on Seeding Peppers
I was dealing with 3 different variaties of peppers so if you are too, then next, you need to prepare some containers for putting the seeds into, i used some cups. 2 green bells I seeded filled a glass about a third of the way up with seeds! So odds are you are going to end up with a lot of seeds, probably more than you need, so when you plant, you can afford to plant extras in case you have some dud seeds.
Heres a test for checking if you have dud seeds, but in my experience it hasn't seemed to be accurate. But if it works for you, then thats great, but if it doesnt work.. then dont be let down and continue on.
Heres how the test goes..
- First, take out a glass/cup and fill it with your seeds.
- Then slowly add water to the cup, submerging all the seeds
( I did it vice versa in the pictures but you should do it as above for best results )
The test says that the good seeds will sink to the bottom of the glass, while the dud seeds will remain floating at the top.
Finally, you can either strain or pick out the good seeds.
But I question this test's accuracy because I've had many batches of seeds without a single sinker which had seeds that germinated. So you can always try this out for yourself if you want, and if it works for you, great! But if it doesn't, don't doubt your seeds, and continue as normal. The only reason i brought it up is that many gardeners and books say that floating pepper seeds wont germinate.
Another note, some varieties may have tons of seeds while some may have very little. In my pictures you can compare the amount i got from the red peppers verses the green ones. The red bell pepper I collected seeds from didn't have near as many as the green pepper.