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A Simple & Cheap Dual band antenna will save you having two different antennas for UHF and VHF

Step 1: Step 1

You will need copper or brass welding rod cut to
3 X 19.5"  length, a bit longer, eg 20" is OK if you have a SWR meter and want to cut it to tune it
3 X 6.5"    length, a bit longer eg  7" is OK if you have a SWR meter and want to cut it to tune it

-You Will Also need
-Normal SO-239  4 holes chassis mount connector
-Solder & Soldering Iron
-6 X Electrical Eyelets
-4 sets of screws, nuts and washers
-2 X  6 inch black nylon cable ties
-Silicon Sealant
-RG-8 cable with PL-259 plug. For lightweight RG-58 cable, you need an appropriate adapter, eg.  PL-259 to BNC female
-SWR meter for testing
 

Step 2:

Adjust the electrical eyelets wire grip so that it can fit the end of the copper rod

Step 3:

Fit snugly the end of the copper rod to the adjusted electrical eyelet.
Solder it to improve the contact but make sure you sandpapered it until shining  and swab the copper and metal eyelet with methyl spirit by to clean it from grease.

Step 4:

-Repeat until the 6 rods have been fitted with eyelets.
-Then, solder all the eyelets to the copper rods.
-See the SO-239 socket on the right

Step 5:

-Take the SO-239 chassis mount connector and clamp it to a vice.
-Test fit one 6.5 " and 19.5" copper rod, putting it at the center contact of the SO-239 and bend  it  at the eyelets to form and angle of    
 approximately 60 degrees apart forming a V.
-By any means, hold the two 60 degrees angled rod so the V shape stay in place temporarily.
-Carefully solder generously the two angled rod and do not move the solder point while the solder hardened. A good soldering work
 will shine like silver and not dull.

Step 6:

We have  2 X 19.5"  and 2 X 6.5" radial rods not yet attached. 
Arrange the radial rods, making sure the 19.5" VHF rod  is in between the 2 X 19.5"  radial rods and the 6.5"  UHF rod  is in between the 2 X 6" radial rods
Attach the 4 radial rods with screws and nuts, putting in washers in between. Before tightening the screws, align the 4 radial rods so that they are 45 degrees of each other horizontally

Step 7:

-Attach the antenna assembly in a 1" diameter heavy duty  PVC pipe. The length depends on your planned setup.
-The SO-239 will not be  tight fit but you can think of a way to do it. One option is holding it using a thick, black cable tie and threading  
 it through 2 holes drilled at opposite sides of the PVC pipe.
-Carefully angled the 4 radial rods 45 degree vertically
-Connect a RG8 cable  with a PL-259 connector. Use an adapter if you want to connect to a RG59 cable.
-Test using a SWR meter, making sure the SWR readings is between 1  to 1.5 . Testing procedure will be in the next step.
-You can cut the rod end little by little, about 1/8" at a time to adjust the SWR but too much it will be unadjustable

Step 8: SWR Testing Procedures

VHF Tuning
-To tune the antenna to my country, Malaysia amateur VHF band 144-148 Mhz, I set the radio frequency to the center frequency of 146  
  Mhz so it can generally covers the whole VHF amateur band.
-Connect a SWR meter to the antenna and to the radio, making sure  you attached it to the right connector posts
-Take a SWR reading, and if it is beyond 1.5, cut the 19.5" VHF element rod 1/8" at a time until the readings is in between 1-1.5. -
-Theoretically , a reading of 1 is the best but rarely achieved. If you try to achieve it, you may cut a bit too much until the antenna is
 unadjustable and you have to replace the elements to a longer one, back to square one :-)

UHF Tuning
- The amateur UHF band of Malaysia  (ITU Region 3) is 430-440 Mhz set the radio frequency to the center frequency of 435 Mhz 
  so it can generally covers the whole VHF amateur band.
- Repeat the VHF tuning procedures but this time you must cut the 6.5" UHF element rod 1/8" at a time.

Step 9: Weatherproofing

-Tie the rods with black cable ties and cover the soldering point with silicone sealant for weatherproofing.
-Happy transmitting !
-73 from 9W2WDX  Asni  ( QTH: Bandar Baru Bangi,Malaysia)
-View my other activities at think2bgood.blogspot.com and kakipedal.blogspot.com

Step 10: My Other Project

As a eye feast, see my other project. Watch the video, tqvm

<p>There is no need for the 6.5&quot; elements, unless you have a UHF SWR <br>meter and want to spend a lot of time installing the antenna, measuring <br>SWR, taking it down, trimming the elements, re-installing the antenna, <br>measuring SWR, taking it back down, trimming the elements again, etc., <br>etc. until you get it set for one precise frequency. </p><p>The<br> common version of this antenna uses all 19.5&quot; elements -- ONE up and <br>four down -- is easier to build, gives dual band performance at least as<br> good as this more complicated version, and a significantly smoother <br>omnidirectional radiation pattern.</p><p>Hams should know that a quarter-wave element for 2m VHF will also work as a three-quarter-wave element on 70cm UHF.</p>
<p>Where the antenna should be oriented?</p>
<p>Basically its an omni directional antenna but you could aligned it so that the top of the V elements is slanting towards your repeater. Tqvm Darks10</p>
<p>thanks asni73</p>
<p>Where the antenna should be oriented?</p>
<p>This is the antenna I built as a Novice, (KA9WXT), back in 1983 and I placed the antenna in the attic. I am proud to say it is still in the attic and performing quite well. I also have one in my 'GO BOX' along with my two SLINKIES. </p>
<p>What is the diameter of the welding rod?</p>
<p>3/32 inch, but Neo commented below he used a larger diameter, maybe 1/4 inch and hammered the end flat and drill holes for the screws</p>
<p>someone mentioned that silicon becomes conductive at high frquencies</p><p>did your swr change after you added the silicon?</p><p>may i suggest hot glue?</p>
<p>Tqvm for the suggestion</p>
<p>i would to try this at home</p><p>cheers</p><p>YD0PXL</p>
Great write-up! Would this antenna work well in a "stealth" installation, about 18 feet up in my attic? Thanks! Pete
Yes you can, that is what I did, but make it as far as possible from electrical runs and any metal pieces at the roof. I actually hanged it from a rope thrown over a roof beam ! Attic installation can also protect from lighting strike.
I hammered the ends of the copper rod flat and drilled holes when I made mine. One less connection point to worry about.
Tq Neo, is the hammered end has enough space for the screw holes and does it weakened the hammered part or the rod ? Or maybe you use a larger diameter rods because the one I use is only 3/32 inch diameter
Cold working metals actually work harden them. It can make it more brittle but being copper and pretty soft it doesn't hurt it. I think I used 1/4 inch but don't remember.
Tq neo, I have updated the instructions to be more helpful.

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