# Reading Surface Mount Resistor Codes

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## Introduction: Reading Surface Mount Resistor Codes

Unlike Through hole resisors which use colored bands to determine the value, surface mount resistor have numbers and sometimes letters. I will teach you how to take those letters and digits and determine the value.

Looking at the image you see 4 resistors, the first being 391  the seconed 270 and the two at the bottom are the same 30R9. That does not stand for a 391 ohm , 270 ohm, and so on. The formula for breaking the code down is as follows.
1st value-2nd value-multiplier
3              9               1             = 390 ohm resistor
2               7               0            =  27 ohm resistor
2               3               3            =   23000 ohm or 23K ohm resistor

There are some resistors which have 4 digits. The formula is the same with the addition to a digit.
1st value-2nd value-third value-multiplier
2              3                5                 3 =       235K ohm resistor

You may ask"why some have three diigits and some have four?" three digits typically means that the resistor is 5%  tolerance the four digit typically means the resistor is 1% tolerance. If a letter is used to represent tolerance use the chart below.

B=.1%
C=.25%
D=.5%
F=1%
G=2%
J=5%
K=10%
M=20%
Z=80%

Now you will notice that the last two resistor have an "R" in the equation. The way to look at these is very simple. The R represents a decimal. So 30R9 is a 30.9Ohm resistor.
R23= .23 ohm
5R6= 5.6 ohm
45R3= 45.3 ohm

Of course you can read the values with a meter, but whats the fun in that? I hope you all learned something from this little write up.

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## Questions

I have these capacitors out of an A/V Reciever with markings K3 47 16v. Can someone tell me the meaning and how I could purchase 10 of them. This is my first major task.Thank you for your time

Those are SMD aluminium electrolytic capacitors, the K3 is a series number, 47uf 16V.

You should be able to find what you need here-

http://www.digikey.com/product-search/en/capacitors/aluminum-capacitors/131081?k=47uf%2016V%20capacitor

I would like to say Thank you for taking the time to Help me out. I do Appreciate

Hi, What about the underlined SMD resistor like 304 and 332. I mean ___.

what would be resistor ohm value if a resistor indicate only 'D' letter and also what is for very lite colour srd resistor with out any digit.

What if you have some without any markings at all?

Maybe uUse a volt-ohm meter to determine it's resistance?

That is a 100% clear explanation!

Simple but effective.

Thanks

Excellent explanation of SMD Values.

As a newbie to SMD I have found myself a little daunted by this miniature hardware, but I am now more confident of installing the correct resistor when constructing my projects.

Lance

- I now have a (cheap) bulk lot of mixed SMD on the way to practice my soldering skills -