Introduction: Recycle Scrap Wood for the Enhancement of Spirits.

The Idea is, that since alcohol does not age in glass, to use charred wood chips in your bottled spirits, to enhance the flavors of the spirits. This can, if done carefully, have the same effect as aging the spirits in a barrel

This Instructable will explain how to make your own chips, how to use them, and how they are supposed to effect your spirits. You may even pick up a few pointers on spirits from the information I have researched.

I came across this idea, and forgot where I found it, so I can not give credit. It was not here - I am pretty sure. It seems to be getting fairly popular, as more people are making fuel alcohol. They must not be claiming some of that fuel on their taxes.

This is a wordy one. I did not have any personal photos on this yet and tried to publish it and it was sent back for that reason. I did some searching on the internet tonight and came up with some pretty good shots of stock photos. Hope this is OK.

Enjoy.

Step 1: Materials

The things you will need are:

Some pieces of scrap wood
a sheet of foil wrap
and oven

Head out to the work shop and find yourself some scrap pieces of red oak (traditional). I will mention a few personal thoughts on this topic at the end.

Cut the pieces into good solid 1/2 dollar coin size (area wise) pieces that will fit into the neck of your glass spirit bottles. This step is really up to you, as far as the shape goes. What am I saying everything is up to you. This is just a guide.

You can cut the pieces in any shape you like, but it is advisable to tell you to set a standard for yourself so that you can better judge the amount to use from your experiences. So, if you use small pieces you can add more if you have to next time. if you use large pieces you can add half a piece next time. It will depend on your personal results. So, try to make a standard size for yourself.

Pre-heat your oven to 200F. I believe it was 200F (they did not specify) - 200C seems pretty high for the length of time recommended.

Step 2: The Preparation of the Chips.

The pieces that you have chosen to char are then wrapped in foil wrap. The foil wrap is then perforated with a some holes to allow steam to escape. The package is then placed in a 200F oven for two (2) hours.

Note:
This is 200C - There was no scale in the information I had, but I did try it at 200F and the wood did not char. At 200C it does char and the aromas given off are great with the cherry I used. I think this should be a good indication of what effect the chips will have on your spirit.

There are no notes on why this is, but IMO it is to sterilize the wood, as well as dry it out and slightly char it. At 200F everything in the wood, that could be harmful, will be killed, and the temperature would run right through the wood in that length of time.

I would also like to try this on the BBQ as you normally get a couple of hours of low heat from the coals after the main event is over. Save some power and use some normally wasted heat. You might even try putting the foil off to the side of the bon fire, since the pit party season is coming up.

After the chips have cooled in a safe place - away from contaminants - you can store theme in a glass mason jar, plastic air tight, or ziplock bag. Whatever way you prefer.

Easy as pie.

Step 3: Using the Chips

If you buy a bottle of aged spirits, chances are that it was aged in a barrel made of charred oak. This is the traditional method.

I will talk of high content spirits here.

Once the distiller transfers the spirit to a glass bottle the aging process stops dead. The flavor that is there is there and that is the way the spirit will taste in 30 years, if you keep it that long. You can open it and reseal it and the high alcohol content will keep it safe and it will not change.

If you through a new freshly charred chip or cube into the bottle, on the other hand, it is like putting the spirit back into a new barrel. The aging process starts over again. I say starts over again because it does literally start over again.

Here is how the process goes.

When the alcohol is distilled at the distillery it is usually quite high in alcohol content. This can be watered down then or after aging depending on the distillery. Usually after to save space. The alcohol will have none, or next to no color to it. (See the end step for more on this.)

The alcohol is placed in a barrel of charred oak. The oak does a couple of things right off the get go. First it will absorb some of the residual nasties out of the spirit. The bad tastes and the like. The char does this. Second the color of the spirit will change to the beautiful clear amber we all know so well. This color change has its main effect in the first couple of weeks, then is a gradual slight change as the years go by.

After the first week the flavors start to come out of the wood of the barrel. The spirit will get hints of vanilla, maybe fruit, or nuts. It all depends on the barrel and the wood it was made out of. Each tree is different just like humans. For this reason the master distiller will blend batches prior to bottling to get the right flavor for their product. Also, if he spots a barrel with a exceptional flavor, it goes right to the big house for the vintage products.

Now, back to us.
The chips we have produced are going to do to things they will first add color (or darken the color), and add flavor. The color change will be in the first week or two weeks with some flavor change, then things will settle out and the more subtle flavors of the wood will come into the spirit.

Let talk about the spirits and decide what to deal with.

Step 4: What Are the Spirits

IMO this is what the spirits are going by what they are made from:

Starches:
These are your barley, wheat, rye, potatoe.... high in starch content.
These starches are converted to alcohol by use of emzymes blaa blaa blaa.
Fresh brewed you end with a beer - mash - wine.
Once distilled you you have a vodka.
When the distilled product is aged you have a whiskey.
Bourbon is a special recipe of at least 51% corn meal and aged minimum of two years

Fruit sugars:
Any fruit pretty well.
The fruit sugar in the juice is converted to alcohol by the yeast.
Fresh brewed you end with a wine.
Distilled you have a liqueur.
If the liqueur is aged it is a brandy.

Sugars:
Cane sugar and beet sugar. (Beet sugar may not fall in here but it should)
Sugar is converted to alcohol by yeast.
Fresh it is considered a mash - normally fermented for the sole purpose of distilling.
Distilled (and filtered) you have a light rum.
Aged (and possibly colored) you have a dark rum.

Step 5: The Test.

How to test your chips, or cubes, or sticks.

The suggested amount for a 750ml bottle is 2 chips about the size of a half dollar each.

So, if you really want to test your chips make them all out of the same block of wood.

Buy yourself a bottle of vodka ( get a 40oz.er of the good stuff - Absolute is pretty good )

If you don't have a good memory, take a 1 oz. sample from the bottle and save it.

Add 3 chips or the equivalent.

After a week take another sample from the bottle and save it.

Every week after that take a sample and save it.

I would say, 10 weeks would be plenty of time to see if you like where the chips are going with the spirit.

Sit down and sample the samples. Try to write down what you thought at the time so you will have it the next day to read and remember, because you will likely be pretty wiped by the end of it.

Write down any flavors that you notice. Any smells that you like or dislike. When it hit the best spot, the "Sweet spot".

Do you think that the best has past? Take not at what week that sample was taken and you know that is the number of weeks to keep those chips in the vodka.

Would you want to restart the aging process of a whiskey or brandy with these chips?

Some whiskeys, rums, and brandies go for 30+ years, only getting better. GOOD OAK.

Incidentally, rum is aged in used bourbon barrels. So you may wish to try aging some good light rum with the used chips. But remember, bourbon is at least 51% corn meal mash. Who cares you will be close.

Step 6: Note on the Wood.

I know the traditional wood is oak. Why I do not know for sure. History, abundance, quality, flavors, and now tradition? Maybe.

I would like to try something different.

What about chips made of black walnut, beech, cedar, ash, cherry......

I have heard that saki is made in vats lined with aged cedar. If the cedar is new it will impart a flavor to the saki. They do not like to serve it, as it is not the traditional flavor, but I have heard nothing about it being unpleasant.

Something to think about.

Hope you enjoyed this Instructable, and I hope you learnt something along the way.

And, remember to recycle.

Thanks.

Step 7: On-going Reasearch and Experiments

Cherry Wood Chips

I made up some chips from an untreated piece of cherry flooring I had laying in storage. What a surprise! By the time the chips had finished baking in the oven the whole house smelt of baking muffins vanilla cup cakes.

I look forward to using these in some strawberry wine. If I could distill legally, I would make a strawberry brandy, and age it in glass with these chips. I would leave the bottles for a couple of years at least, in corked bottles. I would also have one or two control bottles which do not have chips so that I can see the actual difference in the two types of aged spirits.

Comments

author
Qcks (author)2010-02-20

Just a bit of info on the wood...

Different types of woods will produce different flavors depending on how charred they get. Generally speaking, the more you char the wood the greater the vanilla character will be. This is in part due to the chemistry of vanillin, which you can google, and charcoal's tendency to form benzene-like structures (minus hydrogen... usually.).

After that... Vodka actually isn't a grain alcohol. It's made from potatoes. I you freeze a potato solid, and then let it thaw the potatoe naturally converts it's starch into pure glucose. If you've ever left a bag of potatoes out in the cold, that's why they get so stinky.
As a result, Vodka is specifically distilled to get rid of any flavor, cause really... no one wants to suck on a rotten potatoe.

author
bski01 (author)Qcks2016-04-15

No vodka is any neutral spirit, it is not jusy made of potaotes, though it can be, most vodka today is a wheat blend

author
motorbicycle (author)Qcks2012-01-12

When the starches in potatoes convert from freezing, is there enough enzymes to ferment potatoes alone or do you have to add them?

Also on topic. I work with wood a lot, be careful and stay away from the more fragrent woods... They actually contain toxins! Cherry is what they make poisons out of and bugs stay away from cedar for this very reason!!!

Use maple/ and even oak has very mild toxins!

To the el-cheapi-ano's at home reading, this is why our Settlers used Maple for wood spoons... Every see an old wooden spoon? Yep, every one is Maple!!! What kind of Chinese wood are you stirring your soup with? What's in it???

author
rhayes1 (author)Qcks2010-04-29

Qcks sounds like an informed distiller so I will ask his opinion: if you run the potatoe mash through a reflux still and through a thumper would the taste be better? I had a bumper crop of potatoes last year.

author
admin (author)2009-04-15

Hey, this is a great instructable and is very informative. Just one thing is missing... pictures! It really helps a lot when trying to follow directions so you should consider taking some photographs. Once you do that and leave me a message when you have so that we can publish your work. Thanks! Thanks for the cool instructable and we hope to publish this soon!

author
n1cod3mus (author)2013-05-21

charring adds flavour to the spirit, its not for sterlization, the inside of whiskey, burbon and Rum barrels are charred so they transfer flavours to the spirits inside them.

author
Stefanovski (author)2013-01-15

there is no god of alcohol. Death dosn't give bacelos/prize

author
Qcks (author)2012-01-29

Multiple distillations are best.
Potato mash is unpleasant, so even trace flavors are probably not good.
this is part of why premium vodkas are distilled multiple times.

As for how you ferment potatoes, they do contain enough enzyme to self ferment, but, they may not produce the flavors you want.

author
motorbicycle (author)2012-01-12

Corn meal does little if anything to up your sugar content. It's more for flavor

author
dakiro (author)2011-12-22

Try the homedistiller website in the Aging category. Very very useful tips.

author
andybuda (author)2011-09-04

iv been using alcotec yeast and nutrient and white sugar for years now to make the mash (if i can call it that).. iv tried diffrent yeasts and seprate nutrients but the alcotec 24/48 super yeast gives the best amount ther is stronger yeasts that wont die off till you get 20-30% alc but they cost twice the price for just abit more. so stick to what you know. im always getting the same standard with the base spirit. if im flavoring i do it when i distill to get a clean clear drink that i fillter afew times.

author
tinkerunique (author)2011-02-20

Making wood alcohal is good for science burners/experements and such. Certain woods produce a deadly poison.., Like hemlock... USE CAUTION !!!

author
strmrnnr (author)tinkerunique2011-03-17

I found a short time ago that most woods are poison, with the exception of fruit woods. Oak was the wood of choice due to its ability not to leak when formed into a barrel and re wetted. But the sap from oak is poison!!

Furniture make of oak was actually banned for sale at one point until it was made manditory to coat the surfaces which may contact food. It really surprised me but then I thought about it and it makes a lot of sense because I don't get a hang over from my hooch and I do from store bought.

author
andybuda (author)2010-07-29

iv never tried corn meal mash or fermenting with starch iv tried to find corn meal in a super market but not found it yet i always use white sugar( if it ain't broke don't fix it) il get round to trying different sugars 1day

author
tinkerunique (author)andybuda2011-02-20

Corn meal is readily available in most grocery stores IF you look in the right place... Baking section - breakfast section - OR is it just a "southern thing" If you want corn meal in a 80 pound bag, go to a farm / livestock supply.

author
illuminatis (author)2010-09-30

tried this one (using store bought vodka and mason jars) in small batches. Red oak makes a smooth bourbon-like flavor, pecan wood and applewood give it a light,sweet taste, with only a little color added. but I have to say, in my opinion mesquite make a better spirit , reddish/pink with a spicy afternote. Next batch will definately have to be, mesquite mellowed tequila. will post the results if anyone wants(and/or I don't go blind).

author
andybuda (author)2010-07-29

cut cedar wood smells lovely il try that.. don`t think ash or beech would be any good though you want to flavor your hard work with some thing a bit special if i ferment with the chips in and distill with them in them in what would happen to the colour im guessing it would remain clear

author
andybuda (author)2010-07-29

i know distilleries always charre the inside of newly made barrels but alot use old red wine barrels to add more flavor and colour do these get a quick flaming as well?

author
andybuda (author)2010-07-29

this sounds like a very good idea this instructable iv turned a good wine in to a crap brandy b4 now and it was clear and tasted very cheep... iv just tried putting 1lb of that not so legal plant in when fermenting and distilling and ended up with 1 of the nicest flavored drinks iv ever made... and iv made alot.... i think it might have had something to do with the stems and leaf also tried fruit juice but comes out cloudy first run then i run it through the stil again and filter( just a Britta filter its one of the quickest way to filter not the best though) that gives a very strong drink with a potent flavor,its amazing what every day drinks you can ferment that are links on here to give advice..

author
megapix (author)2009-11-22

Thanks for the instructable. Interesting idea there. I'd like it better if I knew you had tried it with success.

A few clarifications (per Home Distiller and Wikipedia): 

--when fermenting starches, malt provides the enzymes to turn starch into sugar, then yeast turns the sugar to alcohol, as with other alcoholic brews.
--if you start with a grain (including wheat, corn, rye) and don't distill all the flavor out of the fermented "mash" you have whiskey.
--if you distill all the flavor out you get vodka (starting from grains, potatoes or sugar beet molases)
--if you distill wine you get brandy.
--whiskey,vodka,brandy and rum are all spirits. If you add sugar and flavorings you get a liqueur.

author
shantinath1000 (author)2009-05-05

Nice- I was thinking of trying something like this and then saw the instructable. The one thing that you forgot to mention was that even if you add wood to a glass bottle the aging process will be different. In a wooden barrel there is some interchange of air across the wood. As ETOH leaches into the wood and some will eventualy evaporate away and a slight amount of air will over time enter the cask. The mixing with air (oxygen) will affect the flavor as well. this is one reason we can't get the same result without a wooden cask. Having said that- I think this would add a LOT of flavor.

author
strmrnnr (author)shantinath10002009-05-09

What do you think of the idea of transfering the spirits over to a bottle with a cork? There should be some air tranfer there, although maybe not as much as with a cask.

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