El instructable consta de muchos pasos pero no se asuste, todo el proceso me llevó unos 20 minutos. Lo quise hacer bien detallado para que no queden dudas.
This is not my idea, I learned it years ago, during the Renaissance. As it is not well known, and at the same time is very interesting, I publish it here, where millions of people will learn and use. And who knows, become millionaires with it.
The instructable has many steps, but do not panic, the whole process took me about 20 minutes. I wanted to do very detailed so that no doubts remain.
Step 1: No cualquier madera (not just any wood)
In the same way that you normally would not get a hard wood to hand shape, for this instructable I will choose a wood that is soft, with little grain and no knots. Could be poplar, cedar, lemon or other, but I have only white pine and I choose the right part.
Step 2: Ahora, alambre (now, wire)
The use of wire makes it easy, but if you are skilled you can do without it and use a punch. I show how it is done with wire, you then decide the method. I will use galvanized wire because that's what I have at hand, but a wire hanger is also true, or thick copper wire or similar.
Step 3: Haciendo el dibujo (doing the drawing)
Las letras, o lo que sea, deben quedar bien planas.
I will do my initials, OJS, but you are not restricted to them. Make your own, I'll understand. Technically, this system can write anything, you could even publish a new version of the New Testament. And not only letters, you can do something really artistic. Do not depend on me for any of this two last things.
The letters, or whatever, should be rather flat.
Step 4: Use cinta adhesiva (use masking tape)
Letters must be secured to the wood, but as you will see later, can not use adhesive. Masking tape is ideal, but any tape used. Before tapeing the letters, be sure to sand the wood if necessary.
Step 5: Ahora, a martillar (now, to hammer)
Put the timber with letters on a sturdy surface, because what comes is not to do over the dining room table. I used my old anvil and a strong flat motorcycle gear.
Step 6: Extraer las letras (extract the letters)
Careful not to hurt the wood, extract the letters from the grooves formed in the wood. I had to use a knife to remove the O, the other left alone.
Step 7: Ahora, a lijar en serio (now, seriously sandpaper)
Importante: cualquier mejora que haya que hacer a la superficie o bordes, este es el momento. Luego será muy difícil.
I have the luck to have a belt sander, but if you do not, no excuse. You have to give long and hard to sand to remove the grooves of the wood. But beware, do not remove the bottom of the grooves. Letters must be legible yet. You can also use a jack plane, a chisel, a rasp, anything that serves for roughing.
Important: any improvement to be made to the surface or edges, this is the time. Then, it will be very difficult.
Step 8: Microondeando (microwaving)
Mientras tanto, no estaría mal tomarse unos mates, un té o algo parecido.
Take a shallow bowl, put a few millimeters of water, place the timber upside down on water and put it a few seconds in microwave. It also serves any method of heating water: a stove, firewood, ecc. The important thing is that the water is close to 100º C.
Meanwhile, it would be good to take a few mates, a tea or something.
Step 9: Revelado (revealing)
Para secar la madera se puede usar también el microondas, con prudencia, o simplemente dejarla al sol o cerca de una estufa. Una vez seca, se puede barnizar o encerar.
Y basta por hoy. Por ser el primer intento, no está nada mal. Con un poquito de práctica y cuidado adicional, se pueden obtener relieves muy bonitos. Tal vez si antes de martillar las letras se hubiera mojado la madera, se habrían evitado algunas pequeñas grietas que aparecieron.
With the microwave off, leave everything to rest a few minutes to the wood absorb the water. Then remove the bowl from the microwave (be careful with burning), hold your breath, remove the wood, turn it around and ... BINGO!
To dry the wood can also use the microwave, with prudence, or simply let under the sun or near a heater. When it be dry, you can varnish or wax.
Enough for today. As the first attempt, not bad. With a little practice and extra care, you can get very nice relief. Maybe if before hammering the letters the wood had been wet, they would have avoided some small cracks that appeared.