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Relieve en madera, facil (wood relief, made easy)

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Picture of Relieve en madera, facil (wood relief, made easy)
Esta no es una idea mía, la aprendí hace unos cuantos años, durante el Renacimiento. Como no es muy conocida, y al mismo tiempo es muy interesante, la publico acá donde millones de personas podrán aprenderla y utilizarla. Y quien sabe, hacerse millonarios con ella.

El instructable consta de muchos pasos pero no se asuste, todo el proceso me llevó unos 20 minutos. Lo quise hacer bien detallado para que no queden dudas.

This is not my idea, I learned it years ago, during the Renaissance. As it is not well known, and at the same time is very interesting, I publish it here, where millions of people will learn and use. And who knows, become millionaires with it.

The instructable has many steps, but do not panic, the whole process took me about 20 minutes. I wanted to do very detailed so that no doubts remain.

 
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Step 1: No cualquier madera (not just any wood)

Picture of No cualquier madera (not just any wood)
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De la misma manera que usted normalmente no se pondría a tallar a mano una madera dura, para esta demostración elegiremos una madera que sea blanda, con pocas vetas y sin nudos. Podría ser álamo, cedro, limonero u otras, pero yo tengo pino blanco y solo debo elegir la parte adecuada. 

In the same way that you normally would not get a hard wood to hand shape, for this instructable I will choose a wood that is soft, with little grain and no knots. Could be poplar, cedar, lemon or other, but I have only white pine and I choose the right part.

Step 2: Ahora, alambre (now, wire)

Picture of Ahora, alambre (now, wire)
El uso de alambre facilita la tarea, pero si usted es habilidoso puede prescindir de él y utiilizar un punzón. Yo le muestro cómo se hace con el alambre, usted luego decide el método. Usaré alambre galvanizado porque es lo que tengo más a mano, pero una percha de alambre sirve, también alambre grueso de cobre o similar.

The use of wire makes it easy, but if you are skilled you can do without it and use a punch. I show how it is done with wire, you then decide the method. I will use galvanized wire because that's what I have at hand, but a wire hanger is also true, or thick copper wire or similar.

Step 3: Haciendo el dibujo (doing the drawing)

Picture of Haciendo el dibujo (doing the drawing)
Yo voy a hacer mis iniciales, OJS, pero usted no está restringido a ellas. Haga las suyas, que yo lo entenderé. Técnicamente con este sistema se puede escribir cualquier cosa, incluso se podría publicar una novedosa versión del Nuevo Testamento. Y no solamente letras, se puede hacer algo realmente artístico. No cuenten conmigo para ninguna de estas dos últimas cosas.

Las letras, o lo que sea, deben quedar bien planas.

I will do my initials, OJS, but you are not restricted to them. Make your own, I'll understand. Technically, this system can write anything, you could even publish a new version of the New Testament. And not only letters, you can do something really artistic. Do not depend on me for any of this two last things.

The letters, or whatever, should be rather flat.


Step 4: Use cinta adhesiva (use masking tape)

Picture of Use cinta adhesiva (use masking tape)
Las letras deben quedar aseguradas a la madera, pero como usted verá luego, no se puede usar adhesivo. La cinta de enmascaramiento es ideal, pero cualquier cinta adhesiva sirve. Antes de pegar las letras, no olvide lijar la madera si es necesario.

Letters must be secured to the wood, but as you will see later, can not use adhesive. Masking tape is ideal, but any tape used. Before tapeing the letters, be sure to sand the wood if necessary.

Step 5: Ahora, a martillar (now, to hammer)

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Ponga la madera con las letras sobre una superficie resistente, porque lo que viene no es para hacerlo sobre la mesa del comedor. Yo utilicé mi viejo yunque y un engranaje plano de motocicleta.

Put the timber with letters on a sturdy surface, because what comes is not to do over the dining room table. I used my old anvil and a strong flat motorcycle gear.

Step 6: Extraer las letras (extract the letters)

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Con cuidado de no lastimar la madera, extraiga las letras de los surcos que se formaron en la madera. Yo tuve que usar un cutter para sacar la O, las otras salieron solas.

Careful not to hurt the wood, extract the letters from the grooves formed in the wood. I had to use a knife to remove the O, the other left alone.

Step 7: Ahora, a lijar en serio (now, seriously sandpaper)

Picture of Ahora, a lijar en serio (now, seriously sandpaper)
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Yo tengo la suerte de poseer una lijadora de banda, pero si usted no la tiene, no es excusa. Hay que darle duro y parejo a la lija hasta eliminar los surcos de la madera. Pero ojo, no eliminar el fondo de los surcos.  Las letras deben poderse leer todavía. Se puede usar también una garlopa, un formón, una escofina, cualquier cosa que sirva para desbaste.

Importante: cualquier mejora que haya que hacer a la superficie o bordes, este es el momento. Luego será muy difícil.

I have the luck to have a belt sander, but if you do not, no excuse. You have to give long and hard to sand to remove the grooves of the wood. But beware, do not remove the bottom of the grooves. Letters must be legible yet. You can also use a jack plane, a chisel, a rasp, anything that serves for roughing.

Important: any improvement to be made to the surface or edges, this is the time. Then, it will be very difficult.


Step 8: Microondeando (microwaving)

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Tome un recipiente playo, ponga unos milímetros de agua, ponga la madera boca abajo sobre el agua y meta todo unos segundos en el horno de microondas. También sirve cualquier método de calentar agua: una hornalla, leña, etc. Lo importante es que el agua se aproxime a los 100º C.

Mientras tanto, no estaría mal tomarse unos mates, un té o algo parecido.

Take a shallow bowl, put a few millimeters of water, place the timber upside down on water and put it a few seconds in microwave. It also serves any method of heating water: a stove, firewood, ecc. The important thing is that the water is close to 100º C.  

Meanwhile, it would be good to take a few mates, a tea or something.

Step 9: Revelado (revealing)

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Con el microondas apagado, dejar unos minutos todo en reposo para que la madera absorba el agua. Luego sacar del microondas el recipiente (cuidado con quemarse), contener el aliento, sacar la madera, darla vuelta y.... ¡BINGO!

Para secar la madera se puede usar también el microondas, con prudencia, o simplemente dejarla al sol o cerca de una estufa. Una vez seca, se puede barnizar o encerar.

Y basta por hoy. Por ser el primer intento, no está nada mal. Con un poquito de práctica y cuidado adicional, se pueden obtener relieves muy bonitos. Tal vez si antes de martillar las letras se hubiera mojado la madera, se habrían evitado algunas pequeñas grietas que aparecieron.

With the microwave off, leave everything to rest a few minutes to the wood absorb the water. Then remove the bowl from the microwave (be careful with burning), hold your breath, remove the wood, turn it around and ... BINGO!

To dry the wood can also use the microwave, with prudence, or simply let under the sun or near a heater. When it be dry, you can varnish or wax.


Enough for today. As the first attempt, not bad. With a little practice and extra care, you can get very nice relief. Maybe if before hammering the letters the wood had been wet, they would have avoided some small cracks that appeared.
smiliviola7 months ago
Amazing!
rimar2000 (author)  smiliviola7 months ago
Thanks. I am using today that keychain, and will be using it for some time.
StasinG1 year ago
Cool! Thanks for sharing.
rimar2000 (author)  StasinG1 year ago
Thanks for your kind comment, StasingG. I am still using today that keyring.
canucksgirl3 years ago
Thank you for sharing this. I also appreciate the Spanish & English. I have been trying to learn Spanish for some time, and this helps a great deal. I am also subscribing to you now, so I hope to see more interesting instructables. ;)
rimar2000 (author)  canucksgirl3 years ago
Thank you for your kind comment. That little OJS woody thing is still my keychain. Spanish is a little more complicated than English, although maybe a bit more expressive. It has many foolish things, but it is that there is.
marek14 years ago
Super!! es mejor q estar calando, buena instrucción gracias.
zao_224 years ago
muy bueno che
betoblas4 years ago
La pava electrica! es la misma que la mia... uno de los mejores inventos.
nahada4 years ago
Genial! Me parece bastante fácil y sobretodo muy bien explicado!
piaferre4 years ago
Muy bueno!! lo voy a hacerr
rimar2000 (author)  piaferre4 years ago
Bueno, me alegro de que te guste, luego contame cómo te fue. Es asombrosamente fácil.
sashadistan4 years ago
As a Design and Technology teacher I found this instructable very interesting as it was not hard to create really nice effects and possible for the kids to make. Having tried it I applaud it's simple genius and thank you very much for sharing it with us and translating it too. A great find and lovely little skill.
rimar2000 (author)  sashadistan4 years ago
Thanks, very much.

I said that I did not invent it, just remembered reading it a few years ago and wanted to test. It's a really simple and effective technique. I think wood should be used more homogeneous, because pine is interspersed with soft and hard parts.
kenchato4 years ago
Esta Genial!
It's Great! xD
mee-mee4 years ago
jaja cunca falta el mate...
8bit4 years ago
Amazing!
rimar2000 (author)  8bit4 years ago
Thanks, 8bit!
chakra4 years ago
this is what wise men meant by - " rise as much as you are oppressed.."!!
very impressive.. you have my vote!!
rimar2000 (author)  chakra4 years ago
Thanks, very much!
NachoMahma4 years ago
. Impressive
rimar2000 (author)  NachoMahma4 years ago
Thanks very much, Nacho.

Is my English a little better than 2008? I intend to it be at least understandable. Whit the priceless help of Google Translator!
. Your English is very good. A little awkward at times, but it is understandable. Your English is much better than my Spanish. ;)
rickharris4 years ago
Nice! Just out of interest you can do this with Acrylic plastic and several other thermo plastics as well. Heat the plastic in an oven to about 130 deg C until it is soft.


impress the letter by squeezing in a vice - let the plastic cool


remove the wire and sand down the surface until smooth.


Reheat the plastic and the letters will pop up again.


We made key rings this way at school


the effect is called Plastic memory.

rimar2000 (author)  rickharris4 years ago
Thanks for the info! I will try it.

What plastics are thermoplastic? PVC? Polyethylene terephthalate? Polypropylene?
Plastics belong to one of 2 families - Thermo plastics - The go soft when heated. and Thermoset plastics that don't go soft.

PVC - Acrylic (Plexy glass) - Polypropylene - in face apart from glues, Bakalite and fibreglass resins your not likely to see any thermoset plastics at all.
rimar2000 (author)  rickharris4 years ago
Thanks newly, Rick.
jcordero674 years ago
thanks , gracias . Parece bastante fácil de hacer , incluso , por jóvenes, como puedo votar por usted para Que gane ?
rimar2000 (author)  jcordero674 years ago
La votación comienza el día 4/10 y termina el 6/10. Te agradezco que me votes, no creo que gane pero... la esperanza es lo último que se pierde (voting starts on 4 / 10 and ends on 6 / 10. I appreciate that you vote me, I do not think win but ... hope is the last thing one lose.)
knife1414 years ago
Very nice job, and nice instructable!
rimar2000 (author)  knife1414 years ago
Thanks, I'm surprised by the outcome too, since it is the first time I do this.
Ninzerbean4 years ago
This is great!
rimar2000 (author)  Ninzerbean4 years ago
Yes, yes, Ninzerbean. I regret not having invented it.
ChrysN4 years ago
That looks great I will try it!
rimar2000 (author)  ChrysN4 years ago
Good luck, it is not only great, it is mostly super easy.