Introduction: Remote SSH Access to Raspberry Pi 2

Picture of Remote SSH Access to Raspberry Pi 2

Ever wanted to deploy a Raspberry Pi "in the field" and still be able to access it?

Here is an easy way to enable remote SSH access to your Raspberry Pi 2 (and other models, too). While there are solutions involving a VPN or configuring port forwarding at a local firewall, those are often hard to manage for non-experts.

A new generation of relay services including My-Devices.net, Pagekite.net and Yaler.net tries to fix this. Here we use the Yaler relay service (disclosure: I'm a founder) to provide SSH access from anywhere to the Raspberry Pi 2.

Material

- Raspberry Pi 2 (or any model), e.g. https://www.adafruit.com/products/1914

- USB cable, A / Micro B, e.g. https://www.adafruit.com/products/592

- Micro SD card, 4 GB, e.g. https://www.adafruit.com/products/102

- Ethernet cable, e.g. http://www.adafruit.com/products/995

Also needed

- Desktop or laptop computer

- Local network with DHCP

(Note: Steps 3-5 based on CC BY-SA Yaler tutorials. Steps 1 & 2 let you start from scratch.)

Step 1: Install Raspbian

(If you've already got Raspbian running, skip this step.)

Download the image

Let's use the Raspbian Jessie (Lite) image which has sshd running by default. That's a plus for "headless" setup without a display, mouse or keyboard.

- Get the most recent Raspbian image from http://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/ or use this direct link.

- Unzip the image ZIP to get the IMG image file

Prepare the SD card on Mac OSX

There are many ways to prepare the SD card on a Mac. Here's my favourite:

- Get the PiFiller tool from http://ivanx.com/raspberrypi/ or use this direct link.

- Start PiFiller and select the IMG image file downloaded above

Prepare the SD card on Windows

- Get Win32 Disk Imager from http://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/

- Start the tool and select the IMG downloaded above (double check the drive)

Prepare the SD card on Linux

- Follow the steps in http://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/installat...

Use the SD card

- Insert the SD card into the Raspberry Pi 2

- Connect the ethernet cable to your local network

- Connect the USB cable to power the device and wait...

Done. After a few minutes Raspbian should be up.

Step 2: Find the Raspberry Pi 2 in Your Local Network

(If the Raspberry Pi 2 has a display, mouse and keyboard, skip this step.)

Where's my Raspi?

Once Raspbian is installed and the Raspberry Pi 2 is connected to the local network, it should automatically get an IP address with DHCP and start running sshd, which listens to incoming SSH connections on port 22. But what's the IP?

Let's have a look

One way to find the local IP address of the Raspberry Pi 2 (and any other device) is to use the nmap command line tool.

- Get nmap from http://nmap.org/download.html

- To get your computer's local IP address, open a terminal and type

$ ifconfig

resulting in something like en0: flags= ... 192.168.0.7 netmask ...

- Start an nmap query for port 22 using your local IP address prefix, e.g.

$ nmap 192.168.0.0-255 -p22

- Check the result (if there are multiple IPs, it's usually the highest)

Make sure it's yours

- Get local SSH access to the Raspberry Pi 2 with ssh, using its local IP, e.g.

$ ssh pi@192.168.0.42

- Enter the password, by default it's raspberry

- Change the password by typing

$ passwd

Done? Your Raspberry Pi 2 is now ready to be connected to the relay service.

Step 3: Install the YalerTunnel Daemon

Overview

The YalerTunnel daemon is a small software we'll put on your Raspi to connect local services running on the device to the relay service in the cloud. Like this:

Relay Service <- Firewall <- YalerTunnel Daemon -> Local SSH Service

Get a relay domain

Every device connected to the relay service needs a relay domain.

- Get a free trial account including a relay domain at https://yaler.net/

(Or, to host your own relay for non-commercial use, see https://bitbucket.org/yaler/yaler)

Install YalerTunnel

Let's build the YalerTunnel daemon from source.

- Open a shell on your Raspberry Pi 2 and update apt-get with

$ sudo apt-get update

- Download and install libssl with

$ sudo apt-get install libssl-dev

- Create a yalertunnel directory

$ mkdir yalertunnel
$ cd yalertunnel

- Download, unzip and build the YalerTunnel source

$ wget https://bitbucket.org/yaler/yalertunnel2/downloads/YalerTunnel2.src.tar.gz
$ tar xfzmv YalerTunnel2.src.tar.gz
$ ./configure && make

Done? Then let's start the daemon.

Step 4: Start the YalerTunnel Daemon

Enable SSH access via Yaler

$ sudo apt-get install runit

- Create a yalertunnel-ssh service directory

$ sudo mkdir /etc/service/yalertunnel-ssh
$ cd /etc/service/yalertunnel-ssh

- Download the yalertunnel run script and make it executable

$ sudo wget http://s3.yaler.net/raspi/run-ssh -O run
$ sudo chmod a+x run

- Download the yalertunnel finish script and make it executable

$ sudo wget http://s3.yaler.net/raspi/finish
$ sudo chmod a+x finish

- Open the run script with

$ sudo nano /etc/service/yalertunnel-ssh/run

- Check the path (default: /home/pi/yalertunnel), set the port of the local SSH service (default: 22), and set your relay domain

1 #!/bin/sh
⋮
6 exec /home/pi/yalertunnel/yalertunnel proxy 127.0.0.1:22 try.yaler.io:80 RELAY_DOMAIN </dev/null 2>&1 | logger -t yalertunnel-ssh

Save changes with CTRL-X, then Y, then RETURN. Do not change the local IP (default: 127.0.0.1), unless the SSH service runs on a separate device in the same network.

- Reboot your Raspberry Pi 2 to run the script

$ sudo reboot

Done. Now let's see how to access the Raspi.

Step 5: Access the Raspberry Pi 2 With an SSH Client

Using Putty on Windows

- Follow the steps https://yaler.net/putty

Using ssh on Mac or Linux

Unlike Putty, the ssh command does not support "HTTP CONNECT", so we need YalerTunnel on this side of the relay, too. Here's how that looks:

SSH Client -> YalerTunnel in Client Mode -> (Firewall) -> Relay Service

Install YalerTunnel on Mac or Linux

- Make sure JDK6 (or later) is installed

- Make sure your PATH environment variable contains the JDK's bin directory

- Get the YalerTunnel Java source from https://bitbucket.org/yaler/yalertunnel/downloads/YalerTun...

- Unzip the ZIP file, open a terminal, and build YalerTunnel with

$ javac YalerTunnel.java

Remotely access the Raspberry Pi 2 with SSH

- On your client computer, to start YalerTunnel in client mode, type

$ java YalerTunnel client localhost:10022 try.yaler.io:80 RELAY_DOMAIN

- In a second terminal, on the client computer, access your device via the local YalerTunnel with ssh

$ ssh pi@localhost -p 10022 -o ServerAliveInterval=5

Done. You should now have SSH access to your Raspberry Pi 2.

Troubleshooting

If there's no connection

- Make sure you use the correct relay domain

- To see if the YalerTunnel service is running on your device, type

$ ps aux | grep [y]aler

That's it. Thanks for reading to the end. If you've got questions, get in touch.

Comments

tamberg (author)2017-11-24

Update: for Raspian Stretch, see http://yaler.net/raspberrypi

MarcoS216 (author)2017-11-24

Hello,

i found this link:

http://www.raspberryanywhere.com/

Perhaps it can be of some help. I'v been using the service from several weeks and it works great!

The link provide a simple software teamviewer like to access your raspberry board anywhere you are.
Furthermore, you can use your usual SSH client; they just provide a virtual address to connect to your board
via SSH or HTTP . It worths a try for sure!

tamberg (author)MarcoS2162017-11-24

Thanks. Consider adding the link to https://alternativeto.net/software/yaler/

Sperch (author)2016-06-04

The another way is Terminalify (terminalify.com). You can remotely ssh access without port forwarding, static ip.

Tutorial: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7Qvm7ZBZrg

NiallF (author)2015-11-16

What is the point of using YalerTunnel daemon? Why not use bog standard ssh?

tamberg (author)NiallF2015-11-16

Hi, the point is *remote* SSH access to a device behind a firewall or NAT, from anywhere, without port forwarding. And of course, YalerTunnel is just one of several ways to achieve this. Kind regards, Thomas

Josh28 (author)2015-06-03

Thanks! the link address has changed from http://hg.yaler.org/yalertunnel.... to http://bitbucket.org/yalertunnel...

tamberg (author)Josh282015-06-03

Fixed, thanks a lot.

fdiaz15 (author)2015-05-21

Thanks pretty useful

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