This instructable is meant as a simple guide to properly removing the fuel vapor canister from your California Harley and installing the replacement hose. It requires very few tools, parts are less than $20, and can easily be done in an hour or two. It also served as a neat first-of-many-mods for me. I will post follow ups as I continue working on my bike.
This canister is only present on California bikes due to more strict regulations than the rest of the states. As such, the canister was added by Harley as more of an afterthought and the connected hoses are secured by exposed zip-ties. Removal of this unnecessary component cleans the appearance of the bike noticeably. This does not affect performance in any way.
The resource I used as a guide for this process was on a HD forum here: http://www.hdforums.com/forum/337637-post6.html
-- Disclaimer! -- The purpose of this canister is to filter your gas tank's vapors before releasing them into the atmosphere. I am not sure how well regulated having this component is in California. Currently, motorcycles do not require smog checks so I do not know how I could ever get in trouble for removing the canister. I will post up on here if anything happens.