Repair a Broken Ratchet





Introduction: Repair a Broken Ratchet

I have a craftsman 18" ratchet that they no longer make and do not offer repair kits for any longer.  In fact to my knowledge they no longer make anything like it and I was offered a smaller one when I asked about the warranty.  I love this ratchet enough I have acquired 2 of them but I use them almost daily so I wanted to repair this one.

I took it apart and found the reason it was not holding was the spring under the ball that hold the ratcheting mechanism in place was broken.  Also, the ball had a flat spot worn on it that could also cause it to slip.  I am sorry I did not think of taking pictures when I started this project, so I will just use the same pictures of me putting it back together to show the procedure for taking it apart.  Please note it was much dirtier when I started. I cleaned the ratchet and inside parts with an ultrasonic cleaner(carb cleaner would have worked almost as well though).

Step 1: Start the Teardown

Take the ratchet apart.

Use a pair of needle nose pliers to remove the retaining clips and slowly pull the back of the ratchet apart.  Be careful not to loose the ball. You will find a spring in the hole located in the handle of the ratchet.

What you see in the picture is a ball from a ball bearing that happened to be the same size.  As to replacing the spring I just got lucky and found one in my spring drawer.  Hopefully yours is not worn out or you can find one the same size.

Step 2: Finnish the Teardown

You will find a retaining clip on the front of the wrench as well, holding the rest of the parts in, just remove it and pull the gear. The wrench is now completely apart.

Step 3: Clean and Lubricate

Clean all of the parts and coat them with oil for lubrication.  I used fluid film as it prevents rust and does not dry-out like most stuff.  I can also say the wrench has never felt smoother.

Step 4: Start Reassembly

Put the front of the ratchet on first so that it will be easier to keep the retaining ball in place on the back.

Step 5: Put the Back Together and Replace the Clip

Notice where the ball goes (the spring is below the ball pushing it up to hold the ratchet in the same direction)  

Finnish the assembly and enjoy your ratchet.

Most good ratchets are under warranty but maybe you just want to make your favorite ratchet work a little smoother.  This is less then the gas to take it back for warranty.  Or you could be under the same problem I have and can not get it replaced anymore and need to fix it.



    • Paper Contest 2018

      Paper Contest 2018
    • Pocket-Sized Contest

      Pocket-Sized Contest
    • Science of Cooking

      Science of Cooking

    We have a be nice policy.
    Please be positive and constructive.




    Does anyone know how to disassemble the central gear portion? The locking BB with the quick release button on mine has had the spring go bad and doesn't lock onto sockets anymore and I'd rather fix it than trade it in for a possibly inferior one if possible. :\

    Sears did actually start making the repair kits for these ratchets again. I work there and i repair a couple of these ratchets a week.

    really I have a few that need parts that I can not make easily like broken teeth, any ideas as to how to find the part numbers to order the parts.

    Great work! "Never discard that which you can repair." - Me

    the older craftsman do have a bit better fit and finish as opposed to the new stuff a lot of my dads tools he gives me are 20 years old or more and you can kinda tell the difference , possibly better base metals and possibly better plating.

    mostly the newer stuff has more sharp edges and stuff like that ( wrenches ratchets)
    i actually took my 1" wrench and used a De-burring knife to it to clean up a few reasonably sharp edges on the box and open end

    When I was younger I always bought Craftsman, hi there I would like to trade this in. Got three new shoves in the last 15 years. Your idea is good.

    I have nothing against taking the warranty but they would not fix this ratchet, and I like it.

    Thanks for the Instructable, I can now repair my dads craftsman. I asked him a couple years ago why he didnt just take it to sears and trade it in for a new one. It turned out it was one of the few things he had from my grandfather. Now he can have this great piece of memorabilia and be able to use it again as it was and is much better than the few other ratchets he has.

    I worked with a guy and he had the same thing, would not let go of the old tool.

    I have a few of these type ratchets in 3/8" and 1/2". They are definitely my favorites and worth fixing. Nice instructable too.