Step 4: Detailed Description of Circuit Operation

The fence charger unit produces a very short high voltage pulse on the output terminals approximately once every 1.3 seconds.

Like many high voltage devices, this unit operates by quickly pulsing the input to a high turns ratio transformer.
In this particular device, energy is first stored in a capacitor, which is later quickly discharged through the primary of the transformer, generating a brief high voltage pulse on the secondary of the transformer.

I’ve broken the circuit into different sections based on their function.  Each is described in detail in the steps that follow.  Within each section is a schematic with the relevant components highlighted.  Refer to the schematic when reading through each section.  If the text in these schematics is unreadable as displayed, click the little "i" in the left corner, and then select either "original" or "large".

The pictures here show the top and bottom of the PCB.
excellent post and education, I thank you
That was most interesting, thanks! I am as well intrigued by the capacitive divider on the high voltage side, something to remember. But no, i am ignorant of the crescent shape reasons... <br> <br>Another use of the circuit might be a power supply for Geiger tube circuit? You would run the input at a lower AC voltage, and rectify and regulate the secondary voltage to what is needed ( in this case, I am thinking of the 900Vdc or so tubes), and since they require very little current, Bob's your uncle. You might be able to control the dc voltage on the secondary by pre-loading the pulse counter on the primary as well, if this particular counter accept such operation.
That's really cool! Thanks for all that information! Do you know anything about <a href="http://www.phrcenters.com/11.html?how-laser-hair-removal-works" rel="nofollow">electrolysis in Michigan</a> by chance? Thanks!
How can it be that there is a 16 electrolytic cap in mains, and also led's, i think your schematic is wrong
Diode D2 rectifies the 120VAC input. Resistors R1 and R2, which total about 5k, are in series with the electrolytic cap, and limit to the current considerably. D1 is a 15V zener across the electrolytic cap, so it never sees a voltage greater than 15 V across it. <br>The LED is protected from reverse breakdown by D2, and the current is limited by R1 adn R2. (Refer to step 3 for details). <br> <br>As I mention elsewhere, it is odd to see logic powered without any transformer isolation, but from the description I gave you can see how the circuit would in fact work. Its not the way I would design it, but it would be very cost effective.
if you dumped that huge voltage through a coil of wire you could probably make a coil/rail gun.
When looking for datasheets in Google, I find it helpful to type the part number I'm searching for, the word datasheet, then &quot;filetype:pdf&quot; so that it will ONLY return direct links to pdf's. <br><br>It saves a lot of time searching through those datasheet linking websites looking for the link where you can download. It has a secondary benefit of sometimes taking you directly to the datasheet on the manufacturer's website.
Thanks for the tip! I'll definitely try that next time I make a general google search for a part datasheet.
Well done. Interesting design uncovered.
Ever tried to reverse engineer one of those inversors that activate the laptop backlight? Good instructable, souds ike you have fun doing it and that's great.<br>
Fantastic post! I've had an accoutn on the site for a couple of years and have never commented. This was a wonderful, extremely well explained instructable. I've tried what you've done here with dollar store electronics for fun but this is well beyond any level of detail I've applied to reverse engineering those items. <br>Very good stuff, I am inspired.

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