Introduction: Riverbed Coffee Table

Picture of Riverbed Coffee Table

This is the final (for now) charity project I'll be making. I've always wanted to try making a resin table. I've seen a lot of different examples so thought Id give it a go to help raise money for the Birmingham Childrens Hospital.

I have a build video that shows how I made it (including my mistakes lol) :

Materials Used:

Tools Used:

Step 1: Glue Up the Legs

Picture of Glue Up the Legs

In keeping with my other charity projects I wanted to make a feature of exposed plywood edges. I started by cutting 3cm wide pieces of 18mm plywood to 35cm in length.

These are then arranged to form a square. Each layer overlaps the one underneath so it creates a finger joint. I glued up 6 layer to create the leg. So for 2 legs I used 48 pieces of 3cm x 35cm plywood.

Step 2: Prepare the Top

Picture of Prepare the Top

For the top I used some 36mm thick American Black Walnut. The boards were 15cm wide by 100cm. Because I wanted to make a riverbed table I drew a random curve along the edge of one of the boards. I then cut it out with my jigsaw tilted to 30 degrees. The tilt should make it appear more like a riverbank. I used the off cut piece to trace the shape onto the other board and cut it out the same way.

I'll be pouring resin into the table so I'll need a bottom added between the boards. So it can sit flush I used the router to create a rebate on both boards. I started by using a straight edge guide referencing off the straight edge. I could then remove the rest of the waste freehand with the router.

The bottom was a simple rectangle piece of 6mm plywood. I traced round the "river bank" edges, masked off the edges and painted the inside black. This will make any exposed areas less visible later. While still masked off I gave it a couple of coats of spray lacquer. I did this as a just in case the paint reacted with the resin. The masked off areas wil allow the wood glue to adhere properly. The plywood then got glued into place and held with screws while the glue dried.

Step 3: Create the Riverbed

Picture of Create the Riverbed

I got some fish tank pebbles to fill the table with. They are much more interesting colours and markings compared to regular gravel you can get from a builders merchants. I washed them to make sure there wasn't any small particles that may float in the resin.

In every charity project I've had a representation of the childrens hospital logo which is a red balloon. This project is no different. I got a large stone from my garden, cleaned it up and then painted it red. This also got a coat of spray lacquer as a just in case.

Obviously pouring resin into the table as is would end up with resin all over the floor so I clamped on some scrap pieces of melamine. I sealed around the edges with hot glue too. I could then arrange the pebbles and also add some moss for some more detail. I made sure to leave a space at the edges with no pebbles in case i needed to cut the edges later. i wouldnt want my saw to hit a stone. The final addition was a penny. Just for some added interest.

The resin I used is self degassing. It takes 5 days to fully cure so it has plenty of time to vent any trapped bubbles. It gets mixed to a ratio of 1:0.5. I poured the maximum allowed for the resin which is 2L. It took 3 days for it to become hard so I could then pour a second layer to fill the table.

Step 4: Create the Joinery for the Legs

Picture of Create the Joinery for the Legs

I didn't want to just glue the legs to the table top as it wouldn't allow for the walnut to expand and contract with the seasons, it would also make it harder to transport so I opted for removable legs.

To make that possible I routed a pocket out of the top of the legs. This is to receive a piece of 18mm plywood. That piece gets 2 holes drilled all the way through, and through the legs. It also gets a slight reassess with a spade bit. This is so the T nuts can sit flush to the surface and be held in place.

To fit the T nuts I taped a washer onto a clamp and used it to squeeze the T nut into the hole. This works a lot better than hammering it into place.

machine screws can then be used to hold it into place.

Step 5: Clean Up the Top

Picture of Clean Up the Top

With the resin set I could remove the melamine. In parts it came away cleaning but it others it was stuck on quite firmly. I decided to get a nice clean edge I would cut them with a track saw. This is why I left a gap with no stones on the edges earlier. It gave a really nice edge.

Because I overfilled the resin I would need to level it. I thought sanded would take ages so I tried using my hand held electric planer. On the areas with resin on wood it gave a really nice finish, however, on the resin itself it took big chunks out. With the damage already done I level the top and then filled the chips with more resin. Luckily they clear up with the resin added and I could go back to sanding when it was all set.

I sanded to 80 grit then 240 grit and then 1200 grit.

Step 6: Clean Up the Bottom

Picture of Clean Up the Bottom

I shouldn't have painted the underside of the plywood. I needed to fill the screw holes and I also needed exposed wood for the wood glue to adhere to. So I sanded away most of the paint, filled the screw holes with black Milliput, masked off the edges and 2 areas where the legs will be attached and then painted it again.

The painters tape gave a really nice crisp clean edge.

I then glued on the pieces of plywood that had the T nuts inside. With the glued into place the legs can be attached with the machine screws.

While I had the paint out I decided to paint the edges of the plywood legs.

Step 7: Polish the Top

Picture of Polish the Top

I was pleased with how sanding to 1200 grit looked on the top but I thought I would try to take it further. I used some rotten stone powder mixed with water to act as an abrasive. I polished the top all over which gave a much clearer effect than 1200 grit.

Step 8: Finish the Table

Picture of Finish the Table

I had a nightmare with the finish on this table. I first used satin polyurethane which I applied with a brush. It looked great on the underside of the table top and the plywood legs. But when I applied it to the resin the brush strokes where very visible. It made the resin really clear which was great but I wasn't happy with the brush marks so I sanded it all back down.

I then tried some spray satin polyurethane. I thought it would give the same results but with no brush marks this time. I was wrong. The additives in the satin spray made the resin cloudy. So again, I sanded it all back down.

Finally I used some gloss spray polyurethane which worked brilliantly. I was so relieved to get the finish right in the end.

Step 9: Attach the Legs

Picture of Attach the Legs

All thats left to do is attach the legs. The slot on top of the plywood pieces and then get attached with machine screws. The machine screws tighten onto the t nuts really well.

With the legs attached the table is done. I really hope you like it. I made a lot of mistakes with this one but I persevered and I'm really happy with the results.

Comments

ChristopherC207 (author)2017-12-07

I have always loved this idea, but was never sure how to go about it. I also appreciate how you put your staining mistakes in so that we don't come across the same issues. Bravo!

Thank you! Its a very enjoyable project :) I hope people can learn from my mistakes haha

licenseless (author)2017-12-05

as i was reading about your teatments with clear paint and having to resand... I thought to meself about how a year ago I made this exact mistake and felt so bad that some one else went threw the same struggle of sanding and resurfacing and sanding. I think its funny you did the same thing I did which was gloss finish over sanded resin.

what I do now is let the resin sit for a week (if I can) to allow the resin to degas and settle then sand it and do a top coat of resin and cover it with a box to keep anything from touching it for another week. it creats a glass top finish. But that can be expensive. Doing resin and clear coating it with poly is much cheaper and quicker.

GREAT BUILD MAN!!!

Thank you! I did have a nightmare with it haha I thought I was best to add some proteciton on top of the resin because I dont know how suseptable it is to scratching. With drinks and other things being thrown on coffee tables all the time I wanted a hard wearing finish on top

autocthon (author)2017-12-05

Love good workmanship and creativity.

But I had to resort to wikipedia to figure out what a "rebate" was and I'm still trying to translate "track saw".

Haha Thanks! Track saw is also called a plunge saw lol

duxallinarow (author)2017-12-04

This is what Instructables is for me – I discover special projects that are so well done, so beautifully (and completely!) photographed, and so nicely written up, that they make me believe that I could do it myself. I've been wanting to try a riverbed table, and I am grateful you went to the trouble to produce an Instructable of this quality for people you don't even know. THANK YOU!

Thank you! Thats very kind of you to say. I hope you find it useful when you tackle your riverbed table :)

ddancer (author)2017-12-04

NICE job! You could get some rubber "fish / minnows" from a sporting goods store, they have some very realistic lures. You could make a school of fish or add just a few that are "swimming" by.

Thank you! Thats a great idea :)

throbscottle (author)2017-12-03

Very beautiful and inspirational! Thanks :) (though I would have attached the legs differently)

I like that you put in the red rock "balloon" for BCH rather than just putting the logo on it somewhere

Thank you! I've had a few comments about the way the legs are attached. I should have really included some video of how sturdy it actually it. I'm really glad you liked the rest of it though, thank you :)

mrwonton (author)2017-12-03

LOVE IT! that is a lot of resin!

Thank you! It was roughly 3 litres of resin to fill it haha

sgbotsford (author)2017-12-03

Comments.

Very nice touch explaining your mistakes. Thumbs up for that.

Different resins have quite different characteristics. People who make this may be able to save themselves some grief by having a simple mold that they can pour the surplus into. This gives a place to test things like planes and different finishes.

Realism -- You aren't going to make a realistic riverbed. All projects like this choose to model some aspects of nature and ignore others. Often this is good. A real stream running down the middle of the table would be messy. And a real set of rocks would be hard to dust. But things to consider if you want to make a unique table:

* Width often is more variable.

* Depth is variable. Usually deeper in the middle, but also pools -- fishy gentlemen's clubs. You could do this by feathering the edge of the planks

* Surface of a running stream isn't flat. If you could figure out how to sculpt the ripples and waves into a tinted layer, then top it with clear... This could also allow the rocks to come up above a 'beach.'

* As water gets deeper it gets darker -- milky blue-green if it has rock flour in it, green if it has algae in it, brown if it has clay in it. You could get this effect with multiple layers with tints.

Aesthetics: This is a matter of taste, but are considerations if I was at the silent auction bidding on this item: The legs are clunky looking. Possibilities. Use a leg style that are close to invisible. 3/8" iron, painted black? Pieces of driftwood?

I don't like the red rock. If I'm buying something for my house it has to look right. For me the rock would cut my bid down to a third, and this would go in the den, and not in the living room. Similarly a coin would be wrong because it wouldn't be in scale.

Thanks for your honest feedback. Everyone has different tastes I guess. You can make things as realistic and as abstract you like really. The possibilities are endless :)

mrwonton (author)sgbotsford2017-12-03

the rock is for a children's hospital.... I like it, everything doesn't have to be perfect. So what if the coin is not to scale. If you don't like it, maybe say one or too things, but please don't say you don't like something about it. Everyone has different tastes. I hope you have a good day, happy instructabling (if that is even a word. :D)

GrahamJ12 (author)2017-12-03

Absolutely brilliant, I salute your attention to detail and perseverance, the finished project looks stunning, well done.

Thank you Graham! Im really glad you liked it.

OrienteeringGuy (author)2017-12-03

Beautiful! A question about the moss. Will this turn to brown over time?

Thank you! This is the first time I've tried anything like this so I cant say for 100% that it wont but I'm confident it will be fine. The moss should only go brown when exposed to oxygen. Its sealed in resin so it shouldnt go brown or rot.

jonquinn (author)2017-11-28

very nice. there are a lot of things someone could add to the streambed- maybe some hand carved and painted fish like a little brook trout, some realistic tied trout flies (nymphs), some old coins, or maybe some little gold nuggets (or fools gold). things to have people search for. not too many, you don't want to clutter things.

Thanks! Those are great ideas. I did concider putting in a toy car tyre but like you say I didnt want to clutter it.

RussellR8 (author)2017-11-28

Top shelf mate. Really nice finish. Watching the video, I was very impressed that you showed your mistakes and the corrective work - this is something that so many videos miss making everything seem a lot more straight forward than it really is.

Again, very good. +1 vote from me.

Thank you! I always show the mistakes and struggles I have. Im just an Average Joe at the end of the day haha if I can prevent others from making the same mistakes I do its all worth while :) Thank you for voting too! I really appreciate it

bionicbenjy (author)2017-11-28

looks good, but a thought crossed my mind. instead of the hand plainer (which are just evil for chips) would a router and clean sharp bit, in a sled setup have trimmed back the excess pour? food for thought

Thank you! A router sled would have been a much better choice for sure. I'll definitely make one ready for the next table I make

shantinath1000 (author)2017-11-27

Wow! great job with the build and the video was very god as well.

Thank you! Im really glad you like it :)

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