Introduction: Roast Your Own Coffee [Whirley Pop Method]

Picture of Roast Your Own Coffee [Whirley Pop Method]

I've been roasting my own coffee a few years and I really love it as a fun, backyard activity that most people don't know is possible. Every time we've roasted, we've introduced new people to the process who made time in their busy schedules because they just had to see it in action! This method is great because it's a lot less fickle than other roasters and there are still several jobs for people to rotate through, making this a nice activity for a group of 3+.

I picked up a Whirley Pop Popcorn Maker for $1 at a yard sale after hearing it was a good option for roasting but it produced too much smoke to use indoors in my apartment. After losing access to the space we've been roasting on a charcoal grill, I went back to the Whirley Pop and found a willing co-roaster with a backyard and grill that we could use and we were in business!

This couldn't have been easier. This process was a lot less setup than the charcoal roaster and the resulting coffee is mighty tasty. I use most for espresso and it produces a great crema. (I'm currently sipping on an latte made from home roasted beans! Mmmm.)

Step 1: Gather Supplies

Picture of Gather Supplies

You will need:
- Whirley Pop Popcorn Maker
- A heat source. We used a gas grill, but anything you can heat outside (Coleman stove, small single electric burner, backpacking stove, etc.) would all work.
- Green coffee beans
- A scale
- Empty bags for the roasted coffee (and a pen/marker)
- Two metal bowls/pots/colanders for cooling
- A thermometer
- A cast iron pan


I get all my green coffee beans from Sweet Maria's and frequently consult them for roasting tips. They're just an excellent resource and supplier.

Step 2: Measure Your Beans

Picture of Measure Your Beans

The Whirley Pop can handle between 8 and 16 oz of green coffee beans. We tried different weights to start and noticed different roasting times as well as cooling after. It's good to know what you're starting with.

Step 3: Prep Your Whirley Pop

Picture of Prep Your Whirley Pop

If you have one, I highly recommend putting a cast iron skillet under the Whirley Pop. It helps to keep the beans from getting scorched and we noticed a big difference. Bring the burner up to temperature - you want to shoot for ~400 degrees Fahrenheit, which will be a different setting depending on your heat source.

A note on temperature:We tried a traditional grill thermometer but couldn't find a way to attach it to the Whirley Pop without leaving the lid propped open. This laser thermometer ended up being a lot of fun and was accurate enough for our purposes.

Pour the measured green beans into the Whirley Pop once it's hot. This process will yield smoke, so just know that upfront. Nothing should be on fire, but it will smoke as long as you are roasting.

I highly recommend Sweet Maria's guide for this method to see the pros and cons, as well as any other tips you might find useful.

Step 4: Keep the Beans Moving

Roasting can take between 10 and 20 minutes depending on the beans, the amount you put in, the heat, and how much you cooled off between batches or if this is your first for the day. Listen to the cracks - this method is quiet enough that you'll hear something like popcorn cracking when the beans have been in 8 or so minutes. After this point, the coffee is drinkable! Keep roasting until you reach your preferred roast (this is one of the biggest benefits of roasting your own coffee!) but know that the beans will continue to roast after you dump them and begin the cooling process, so it's wise to stop short and let the beans catch up. Otherwise, my best advice is to find someone who enjoys darker coffee than you for any mistake batches ;-)

Step 5: Pour and Cool

Picture of Pour and Cool

Dump the beans from the Whirley Pop into a container you can stir or pour from. We found pot work really well because they have handles.

Pouring the beans back and forth accomplishes two things. First, it will cool the beans which slows the roasting process and eventually stops it altogether. The second is true with most beans. You'll notice lighter, blonde flakes floating in the air in the one photo. This is called chaff and, while tasteless, can be pesky in grinding and drinking coffee. Agitating the beans usually removes most of the chaff and we've found that pouring the beans between the two pots while gently blowing helps the process.** I usually do this back and forth until the beans are cool enough for me to run my fingers through and be able to keep them in the beans without pain from the heat. Careful, though, as the metal pots will absorb the heat as you cool the beans.

**Blowing too hard on the beans will cause them to spill out all over the patio...in case you were wondering.

Step 6: Let the Coffee Rest & Prepare

Picture of Let the Coffee Rest & Prepare

The ideal is to let the beans rest overnight and have the coffee fresh the next day. Notice the different roasts of your various experiments. It's not terribly complicated and after about two batches we had a good process in place to get a consistent roast at the level we wanted.

The beans should be good for whatever process you like! Grind, add water, and enjoy!

Comments

pi526 made it! (author)2014-10-13

Hey, acoens, I had much fun roasting Sweet Maria's green coffee beans
tonight. Your instructable took me step-by-step and was really easy to
follow, especially having the detailed photos. Here are my pictures - I
especially like the beans 'before' and 'after' roasting. I like a
lighter brew, so I was careful that the beans didn't get too hot while roasting or
dark. Now I have to wait until
tomorrow morning to brew my first cup!

acoens (author)pi5262014-10-13

This is excellent! I love the night time roasting. Thanks for sharing
your process and I'm so glad you had a go at this yourself!

Ricardod1 (author)2014-10-07

I have lived on coffee plantations and we usually use a cast iron dutch oven and stir by hand with a wooden ladle... ad a tablespoon of sugar for the glossy and extra tasty touch...

acoens (author)Ricardod12014-10-07

It seems like you can do anything as long as you heat the beans evenly and keep them moving, though different methods each have their advantages.

Thanks for the sugar tip! I'll have to have to give that a try next time.

realife11 (author)2014-08-24

Absolutely! Sweet Maria's is the best!!!! a special advice to all that buy green coffee beans for the first time: "Be very careful who you buy them from, go with the best reviewed and highest ratings" I will only use Sweet Marias (or any other highly reputable and well known site) from now on, after a very bad experience with a green coffee seller in Texas that was a cooperative or something. Unfortunately the coffee and the inside of the box it was sent in, reeked of cigarette smoke. They gave no help and completely denied that it was them, that no one there smoked, etc. and that "maybe it was smokers at the post office" or " maybe it's the natural scent green coffee gives off". Oh pleeease. So anyway, I ordered from Sweet Marias after that, from the advice of my cousin who roasts. Best decision ever!! Very good quality and guess what....

Doesn't smell like cigarettes!!

So whether it's S.W. or another well known highly rated site, spend the little extra money and get quality. I should have done that in the first place.

acoens (author)realife112014-09-29

Completely agree, realife11! I used another supplier once (from a random stand a friend brought back from a vacation) which was a sweet gesture, but the coffee wasn't great. Stick to quality!

quipage (author)2014-08-24

Thank you. It seems simple enough. I'll give it a try.

acoens (author)quipage2014-09-29

Were you able to try this, quipage? I hope it turned out well!

ladybgood (author)2014-08-26

excellent and clear, you've inspired me to try roasting my own. Materials should be delivered tomorrow!

acoens (author)ladybgood2014-08-26

Excellent! I'm so glad to hear that, ladybgood! Please share your progress once you've given it a go and if you have any questions, hopefully someone here can help out :-)

spikec (author)2014-08-25

Nice Instructable. If you like to grow stuff, take it to the next level ;-)

https://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Coffee/

acoens (author)spikec2014-08-25

Hardcore, spikec!

I'm slightly too nomadic these days to take on a coffee tree all my own :-) Very impressive, though!

spikec (author)acoens2014-08-25

Give it a go! Mine was in a pot and pretty small - it will be the best cup of coffee you ever drink! That being said, it was a one-time thing for me. Much easier buying the beans...

tkjtkj (author)2014-08-24

Good, and thanks! My experience in buying pre-roasted beans in major supermarkets is that they never seem to stock well-roasted beans. A friend suggested this explanation:

Markets sell beans by the pound .. Extensive/full roasting drives more moisture out of the beans, and therefore less profit, as the result is 'more beans per pound', and it's rare that markets might not set an espablished single price for whole-bean coffee. But roasting it ourselves can solve that problem! .. ya i think i'll try it!.

acoens (author)tkjtkj2014-08-24

You definitely should, tkjtkj! For me, it's a curiosity around how things are made that first got me into roasting but now I definitely notice the quality of what I make is more to my taste. Please share when you make your own!

Laral (author)2014-08-24

I have been using an air-type popcorn popper that I got at Goodwill for years now. I put a piece of window screen over the opening and I roast under a kitchen hood with the fan on low. The popper constantly whirls the beans around so they roast evenly.

acoens (author)Laral2014-08-24

That sounds great! Yes, with any method, it's important to make sure the beans are moving constantly and that there are no hot spots. Secondhand stuff is really the best for trying this new stuff out.

ADG01 (author)2014-08-24

where do you buy your green beans. I live in sydey

acoens (author)ADG012014-08-24

I get my green beans from Sweet Maria's (http://www.sweetmarias.com) and they do ship internationally. For Australia, they said this:

Customs, Duties, Taxes, etc: Countries such
as Japan, South Korea, Israel and Australia have very strict import
regulations and may require special import permits. There
are several
countries that impose a quarantine on coffee. Please contact
your local customs office for more information on restricted items.

dan3008 (author)2014-08-24

Nice, I'd been wanting to roast my own coffee for ages. Time to fire up the fire pit, and get roasting :D

acoens (author)dan30082014-08-24

Awesome! This method has a pretty low startup cost and it'll give you the full experience of roasting. Best of luck!

fabrimago (author)2014-08-24

I love the idea but the picture where you pour the coffee seems very clear. Pouring coffee should look almost black. how many coffee spoons you used for one pot?

mwakefield3 (author)2014-08-20

great work. I've been roasting for a few years now, started out with a little air forced popcorn popper, but this whirly popper is a great option although I have never seen one in Australia. The 'Coretto' set up is very popular down here which works well for me.

acoens (author)mwakefield32014-08-23

Thanks! I was surprised just how many setups there were for home roasting, plus all the ways you can make your own. Glad more people are trying their hand at roasting!

pi526 (author)2014-08-20

I love coffee...I love this instructable. I definitely agree with seamster - great helpful photos. Going to give this a try!

acoens (author)pi5262014-08-20

Thanks, pi526! Please post photos if you try this on your own :-)

seamster (author)2014-08-20

Nice work, great documentation. Love the bright, clear photos... I can almost smell the roasting beans!

acoens (author)seamster2014-08-20

Thanks, seamster! Happy to share a fun hobby with this community :-)

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