These knots are described for scouts, but most of them have critical uses in other environments. In this instructable I will teach you the basic scouting knots. These knots will teach you how to Join Ends of Two Ropes, Lashings, Attach Rope to Pole, Ring, Cleat, Shorten a Rope without Cutting, Lift Barrel with Rope, Make a Rope Ladder, etc.
Things You will Need:
Step 1: Barrel Hitch
A barrel Hitch is used to tie a rope to a barrel or a bucket.
Barrel Hitch Technique
Stand the barrel on the lifting rope. Tie an Overhand Knot across the top. Spread the Overhand Knot until it embraces the top of the barrel. Join the ends with a Bowline and lift.
Step 2: Sheet Bend
The Sheet Bend is recommended for joining two ropes of unequal size. The thicker rope must be used for the simple bight as shown. It works equally well if the ropes are of the same size.
Sheet Bend Technique
Form a loop in the thicker rope (blue) and hold it in one hand. Pass the thinner rope (red) through the loop and behind the (blue) tail and standing ends in that order. Finally, tuck the smaller rope under itself to finish the knot.
Step 3: Square Knot (Reef Knot)
The Square (Reef) Knot is usually learned when we tie the laces on our first pair of shoes. Admittedly it is usually a bow that we tie - but the underlying knot is a Square (Reef) Knot.
Uses: Nevertheless, the Square (Reef) knot has many uses but not where safety is critical, e.g., you can tie a sail cover over a sail; you can tie the string on a gift; and you can tie the laces on your shoes (if they still come with laces). It is also one of the many knots used in macrame. More importantly, the experience of tying a Square Knot teaches the fundamental process of tying a Half Knot or Half Hitch.
Square Knot (Reef Knot) Technique
Take two ropes and cross them (red over blue) to form a half knot. Cross them a second time (red over blue again) and pull the ends tight to form the Square Knot.
Step 4: Square Lashing
Use: The Square Lashing is used to bind two poles together. The lashing is designed to be load bearing and can be used to create scaffolding. Although the two poles usually cross each other at 90 degrees, the Square Lashing may be used when the angle between the two poles is as little as 45 degrees,
Scouting: Square lashings can be used to make a rectangular frame as shown here. Many applications have been described including: making support frames; when two trees are close enough, a table can be supported by a pair of poles or branches lashed horizontally either side of the trees; a fence can be constructed by driving poles into the ground and then joining them with bars attached with Square Lashings; and a raft can be created by lashing bamboo poles across each other.
Square Lashing Technique
Start with a Clove Hitch around one pole. Twist short end around long and wrap the rope around both poles, alternately going over and under each pole about three or four turns. Tighten the lashing by surrounding it with three or four frapping turns. Finish with two or three tight half hitches.