Introduction: Self-Watering Veggie Table

Picture of Self-Watering Veggie Table

A Brief History of Gardening in Containers:

Do you like gardening but digging in the dirt is too painful, messy, or time consuming? Container gardening is your answer. For many years now, container gardeners have been using pots, tubs, and boxes of all sizes to garden in. While raised bed gardens have also gained in popularity, so have "bucket gardens" or tubs become an economical way to garden with more control over your soil and more success with hard to grow vegetables.

Recently, the advent of so-called "self watering" containers have helped gardeners to grow flowers, vegetables, and herbs with even more success. Many companies, such as Earth Box, The Grow Box, and models from Gardeners Supply and others have developed easy to assemble boxes with water reservoirs in the bottom. However, these are often pricey. All over gardening websites and forums, do it yourself versions of these boxes have popped up to provide more economical ways of yielding the same results with significantly reduced costs. There is even a book on gardening vegetables in Self-watering containers by Ed Smith, which you can find here.

At the University of Maryland Extension, Jon Traunfeld designed a Salad Table which is essentially a shallow wooden frame with a large surface area and a mesh bottom that allows water to drain. This is a design of great benefit, as you can plant seeds and cut vegetables comfortably at waist level and avoid problems with pests on the ground. If you would like to know more about Jon's original table (and find many more uses, ideas, and advice about Salad Tables), please visit his page here.

The Idea:

I loved the idea of a salad table as a way to maximize the space I have to grow salad greens to feed myself and my rabbits. Having made my own self-watering tubs for lettuces and other greens the previous summer, I saw how well they flourished with this method even under the hot humid summers of Washington DC. So I decided to combine both the ideas of self-watering containers and the salad table into one. The result is this instructable. This table is deeper than a 2X4, so you can grow much more than just salad greens in it, as you have more space for roots.

What is Self-Watering?
Essentially, this is a system where by you allow water at the bottom of the container to be drawn up, or wicked, to the roots as they need it. There is an overflow hole in the side of the container, near the top of the water reservoir that overflows when the water reaches the top. For me, the term self-watering is a bit tricky as you still have to water the vegetables, you're just doing it from the bottom of the container.  This allows the plant to draw water as it needs it, thus reducing the possibility of overwatering or underwatering. The holes in a wicking basket or chamber allow the soil to touch the water for wicking. For tricky or picky vegetables, this also allows you to maintain an even level of moisture in the plant which is what many of them need to grow well.

Step 1: Dimensions and Cost


This table is made from a wooden frame made from 2X4 that is 63" X 27", with three interior wooden frames of 21" X 19" made from 2X2 furring strips, and three plastic tubs with three plastic bins.
It sits on four legs made from 2X4 that are 36" tall.

Cost of materials depends on where you are located, but in general:
2X2X8 Furring strips (3) - $1.50 each
2X4X10 (4) untreated lumber - $2.50 - $3.50each
Gray Duraboxes (3) - $8 each
White Sterilite Bins (3) - $5 each
Hardware - $10-20
2" Casters (4) - $9 each
1 in. x 2 ft. PVC Sch. 40 Plain End Pipe (3) - $1.67 each

Step 2: Materials and Tools

Picture of Materials and Tools

You will need:

[3] 2"X2"X8' Furring strips
[5] 2"X4"X10' untreated lumber
[4] 2" Casters **
[3] Gray Duraboxes, or similar brand/style as long as they are thick plastic and not clear
[3] Sterilite bins with holes in the side, or similar brand/style. If you can only find ones with holes in the two longer sides, just drill 1/4" holes in the sides without
[3] lengths of 1 in. x 2 ft. PVC Sch. 40 Plain End Pipe
[3] Milkshake straws
Approximately [2] 1.5 cubic foot bags of potting soil
Approximately [2] 1 cubic foot bags of compost
Drywall or decking screws at 1 1/4", 2 1/2", and 3" lengths
Washers (plain, either flat or fender) to fit your screws
Newspaper, hardware cloth, or window screen **

** = Optional

Electric Drill
Chop saw
Hand saw or Band saw
Matt knife, forstner bit, or hole saw bit
A partner for assembly
Drill bits

Step 3: Cut List

Picture of Cut List

Your first step is to measure twice, cut once all the cuts at once assembly-style.

Cut list:
6 - 2X2 @ 21" (interior frame widths)
6 - 2X2 @ 19" (interior frame lengths)
2 - 2X4 @ 63" (Exterior frame)
4 - 2X4 @ 24" (Exterior frame)
4 - 2X4 @ 32.5" (Legs)
4 - 2X4 @ 36" (Legs)
3 - PVC 1" @ 14"

Cut one end of each PVC pipe at an angle to help with water flow. You can use a band saw for this, or a hand saw.

Step 4: Mark the Cross Pieces

Picture of Mark the Cross Pieces

Step 1.

Lay out your exterior box 2X4 pieces on a flat surface.

Using a 19" cut furring piece, it is easy to mark evenly where your 2X4 cross pieces should go.
Make the 24" 2X4 pieces flush and resting inside the long 63" 2X4's, and butt up a 2X2 19" inside the corner. Mark where the first cross piece goes. Repeat with the other side.

Alternately you can use a tape measure.

Step 5: Assemble the Exterior Frame

Picture of Assemble the Exterior Frame

Step 2

Flip the lengthwise exterior frame pieces outward, so that you see where the lines you marked for the cross pieces are.

While flat, pre-drill holes using a 1/8" drill bit where every cross-piece should go; about 1/2" in from each side.

Then sink 2 1/2" drywall screws into the holes while the 2X4 is flat on the ground. This makes assembly a bit easier.

Flip the 2X4 exterior pieces outwards one more time, and screw the cross pieces in place.

Step 6: Assemble Interior Frames

Picture of Assemble Interior Frames

Step 3

While the frame is still lying on a flat, even surface, set all the 2X2 pieces inside. If your cuts are wrong and the fit is too snug, now is the time to shave off ends before you screw them in place.

The 19" lengths go against the 63" long 2X4s, and the 21" lengths go against each 24" cross piece, forming an inner square in each of the three sections.

Letting the 2X2's rest on the ground at the bottom of the frame, screw them into the 2X4 pieces from the inside of the squares, using 2-1/2" screws. Use 3 screws in each 2X2 piece, equally spaced so that one is in the middle, and there is one on each end.

Step 7: Assemble the Legs

Picture of Assemble the Legs

Build each leg by attaching each of the 32.5" 2X4 to a 36" 2X4 using 2-1/2" screws, aprox. in the center, 2" from the bottom and top of the shorter 2X4 piece.

The table attaches to the legs by resting on the shorter 32.5" 2X4.

Step 8: Pre-drill Holes in Legs

Picture of Pre-drill Holes in Legs

This step is optional. You might not need to have your table be mobile. If so, skip this step.

To make assembly easier, take the time now to pre-drill holes for your casters in the even end of the legs. 

Mark the holes on each caster pad on the even bottom of each leg, and drill pilot holes with a 1/8" drill bit.

Step 9: Attaching Legs and Casters

Picture of Attaching Legs and Casters

Have your partner place and hold two legs on the far end, while you place the other two legs on the table.

Making sure to keep the edges of the table flush with the edges of the 2X4 legs, screw in a triangle pattern the legs to the table.

You may feel comfortable using more than 3 screws, is so, use 5 in a domino pattern. Inset the screws 1" in from each side of the 2X4 and the top, so as to miss the screws you used to assemble the frame.


This step is optional. Skip if you aren't using casters.

Then flip the table on its side and attach the casters, using 2 1/2" screws and washers.

Step 10: Attaching Tubs to Interior Frame

Picture of Attaching Tubs to Interior Frame

Drop your tubs into each frame to rest on top of the 2X2s.

Using 4 screws & washers per long side, and 3 screws & washers per short size, screw 1/2" to 1" down from the top lip of each tub into the 2X2 behind it.

This process should stretch the tub gently to fit all the sides, with small gaps at the corners. That is ok.

Step 11: Creating Water Resevoirs

Picture of Creating Water Resevoirs

The white baskets with holes in the sides are your water reservoirs. By flipping them upside down, you create a place for the water to touch the soil through the holes in the side.

Take your PVC pipes, and trace the end in one of the corners of each white basket.

Using either a matte knife, forstner bit, paddle bit, or hole saw cut out the circles so the pipe can fit in the basket.

With the baskets still upside down, place each one in a tub. line up all the pipes (with the edge you cut at an angle inside the basket) so they are on the same side of the table. This should make watering easier.

Now you need to create an overflow hole. Measure down aprox. 1" from the top of your white basket, and drill a hole at that measurement in the short side of the plastic tub. The hole should be just wide enough to fit your milkshake straw. Feed the straw in through the hole, and either line it up with an existing hole in the basket, or make one there in that spot. This is creating an overflow valve, so that when you water, you know when it is filled and you can stop. It will drain outside of the container.

Step 12: Filling With Growing Medium

Picture of Filling With Growing Medium
There are many different opinions on what to fill containers with when you are growing vegetables. I encourage you to do some research and see what will fit with your budget, style, and time. Some mix theirs entirely from scratch, and some just go with whatever is on sale at the big box stores. There are even mixes sold now at online retailers made specifically for self-watering containers. I will tell you what I use, but certainly my way is not the only one.

I use a 50/50 mix of Miracle Grow Potting Soil and a local compost made in Maryland called LeafGro. I mix these two together in a wheel barrow, and then fill my containers with the mix.

The important parts about what you use for container gardening I am going to quote from a sheet from the University of Maryland Extension on vegetable gardening in containers, found here: "Qualities of Different Types of Growing Media:

• Garden Soil— never use this by itself for container gardens. Soils hold water and nutrients very well and can drown roots growing in a container. Diseases and weed seeds can also be a problem. And soil is heavy which is an advantage if you are trying to anchor top-heavy plants and pots, but a disadvantage if you want to move pots.
• Commercial Soil-Less Mixes— these are an excellent choice for containers. They are lightweight, drain well, hold water and nutrients, and are generally free of weeds, insects, and diseases. They have a pH of about 6.2 and are typically comprised of sphagnum peat moss, perlite, vermiculite and small amounts of lime and fertilizer. Examples of soil less mixes are
ProMix™, ReddiEarth™, Jiffy Mix™, and Sunshine Mix™. (To produce “organic” soil-less mixes, suppliers omit chemical wetting agents and substitute organic for chemical fertilizers.)
• Other Types of Commercial Mixes— are advertised  as “top soil”, “planting soil”, “planting mix”, or “potting soil”. They vary a great deal in composition and quality. Avoid mixes that contain sedge peat, feel heavy or gritty, have very fine particles, or appear clumped."

NO soil or mix goes underneath the white basket that is flipped upside down. Remember, these baskets will hold the water, the soil all goes on the outside of the baskets  and the top up to the wood. Now, fill each tub with growing medium to the very top of each basket.

Stop there, and using a garden hose, fill the water reservoirs until water comes out the straws. Be careful not to crush the straws when you are putting the dirt in and around them.

Once the water has soaked into the dirt some more, fill the tubs to the top. At this point, if you have open holes in the corners between the plastic tub and the wood frame, fill these in with a section of torn newspaper, hardware cloth, or window screen.

Finally, fill all the way up to the top of the 2X4s with your growing medium. Because you will be watering the pipes, you will not wash any medium over the sides. This also makes it easier to harvest salad greens at soil level. As the season progresses, the soil-mix will compress down a bit anyway.

Step 13: Time to Plant!

Picture of Time to Plant!

Your table is finished! Get out there and plant some vegetables!!

**Please note I will be updating this instructable as the season continues with the progress of my self-watering veggie table. Check back here for the updates!

You can also see my full garden here


So far, this project has been a great success!!

Things I've learned over the past few weeks:
  • Even though eventually I will only water from the tubes and not on top of the soil, for the first two weeks after your plant seeds, mist from the top to keep the soil moist and help with germination.
  • This project definitely needs supports. I will update again when I add them.
  • This table is HEAVY when full of plants, soil and water. DO NOT attempt to move it on your own, enlist the help of friends or family. I am not responsible for injuries if you attempt this project.

Step 15: UPDATE: Supports!

Picture of UPDATE: Supports!

This project has definitely needed supports from day one. It is too top heavy to move easily without them, and it's a good idea overall. I debated for several weeks on the best way to make them, and this is what I came up with.

With scrap wood, cute each end at a 45 degree angle. I used different lengths for these pieces.

Make sure to pre-drill your holes and put 3" screws into the supports on the ends first, it makes putting them in place vertically much easier.

I used two screws on each end. I had a helper push the table back into being square(it had shifted a bit) and hold it there while I screwed the supports into the inside of each leg and the 2X4 bottom edge of the table. With just two on the small ends of the table, the difference is significant. I also added one support on the long side of the table.

The table is now more solid, secure and supported than ever before.

PLEASE make sure you do this step!!!


bepartial (author)2011-05-12

Wonderful instructable. Very nicely written and photographed. This is a great version of the sub-irrigated planter system that we've been using for years here in the desert Southwest. You have done a great job. Hope to see and read more about these kinds of things in the future.

There is a great need for this in Urban areas as more and more areas find out that their native soil is contaminated with lead, arsenic and other toxic materials. Since urban farming and gardening is on the rise, systems like this will allow people to produce their own food, or at least a great percentage of it safely, easily and very conveniently.

Keep up the great work.

Kindlekat (author)bepartial2011-05-12

Thanks so much for the wonderful comment! Yes, I agree there is a great need for more types of container gardens because of all the issues you list.

SageGreen (author)2017-06-10

Thanks very much! My husband and I are building a lean-to greenhouse on the side of our house, and because we have a lot of snow, the pitch has to be really steep, with oodles of unused room. So we are going to adapt your idea, and make a second shelf bed, and staple pig wire on the back side of the beds, and put peas at the bottom. And thanks for the self watering dealie, I had no idea that sort of thing existed.

frankyfire (author)2017-05-10

Looking for a bit of advice and feedback.

See attached image.

I'm trying to decide between a couple things.

#1 was the original one. The frame holding the box has an inner frame. After I did this, I thought... what about making it simpler and not even have an inner frame? that's how I got to #2.

#2 is basically identical except the inner frame is gone and the box just goes right on top. This lets me take the box out easier as I can access the handles to the box. In #1, my fingers would get squished uncomfortably to try to get to the box handles.

#3.. I arrived at this after thinking that the entire planter would be more stable if I laid the boxes out in a more square-ish shape. I was a little worried about the top-heaviness of #1 and #2.

I've designed them to be at about 36" in height at the top of the box.

This is my first time building a planter like this so I have no experience actually growing anything in something like this.

Would be really appreciative of any advice/feedback from someone who knows a lot about gardening and/or someone that has used a planter similar to this.


IanA106 made it! (author)2017-01-31

Great low cost idea with good growing potential. Any independent container garden grows plants better because you can control the growing medium and its warmer as its not in contact with the ground, allowing plants to start growth earlier on in the year.

I included an image of the dimensions size of the wheelchair accessible garden I designed, its called the Green Circle Garden as you can connect up to make a circle. this may serve to somebody who is wanting to build a design for themselves. Let me know what you think!!

BruceA5 (author)2015-06-22

Thanks so much for the idea! We live in a townhouse with a postage stamp sized yard, and between our house and our garage, we only get consistent sunlight on a narrow strip of our walkway. We also live in Denver, and it get very hot and dry in the summer. In the past we had mixed success with herbs, but only by watering them two or three times a day. This is the perfect solution to our problems.

I did make a few modifications. First, I couldn't find tubs that were the same dimension as yours, plus we wanted to grow tomatoes as well as salad greens, so I went with 19 gallon tubs. I also only used two, as I had to orient them sideways relative to your design. You can see why in the second picture below - we needed room to get by the planter on our way to the garage! Because of the added weight, I also added a brace underneath. On advice of a woodworker friend, I also put the castors on a 2x4, and then glued and screwed the 2x4 to the legs. If I had it to do again, I would use two fixed castors, and two swiveling castors. It would make moving it much easier. I also used 4" PVC perforated drain pipe instead of a basket. I cut them so,that they would fit snugly to the sides, and leave a gap on the right and left. A test before I filled them with potting mix showed that they filled very nicely. I took the suggestion of one other commenter and added a shelf on the bottom, and that's proved to be very useful.

Thanks again! Now let's eat!!

DavidS1398 (author)BruceA52017-01-25


Your modifications look great! Question regarding the PVC drain pipe segments inside each tub: are those connected to each other in some way, to allow the water from the white watering pipe to fill the entire PVC pipe volume before leaking out into the soil?

BruceA5 (author)DavidS13982017-01-25

They are not connected. The perforations allow water to flow from one pipe to the other. I do expect that, over time, sediment will fill in the tubes, and I'll have to take out the soil and empty out the tubes. However, we've had two seasons, and I'm still only filling it up once every week.

Volikos22 (author)2016-08-07

You're awesome!

malexander15 (author)2016-08-06

Beautiful idea and details. Question, if I compare this system to a well calibrated drip irrigation system. What are the advantages and disadvantages?

WilliamH11 (author)2016-08-06

It's a vegetabletable!

malexander15 (author)WilliamH112016-08-06

We have a german over here!

verdantlife (author)2016-07-31

Outdoor shower

RickC79 (author)2016-05-13

Was a fun little project.

ValL2 (author)2015-07-17

What a fantastically well written Instructable! Thank you so much for sharing it!

biancanaught (author)2014-11-10

do you use any kind of gasket for the straw to keep water from dribbling out through the space in the hole around the straw? I'm building your design to use inside my apartment and want to avoid ruining my carpet at all possible by using the straw to drain into another container.

BruceA5 (author)biancanaught2015-07-16

You've probably already done something like this already, but if you haven't, a small amount of rubber cement (Shoe Goo is good) around the hose on the outside should work to seal it.

Hank025 made it! (author)2014-05-09

Great Idea, thank you for sharing your plans. I made a few modifications. Adding an extra box allowed me to put in another set of legs, so I have six legs total, adding to the support. I also made the table a total of 30 inches high, which is the standard table/desk height. Laslty, I added a slatted shelf on the bottom for additional storage or more plants that dont need full sun.

Jon Traunfeld (author)Hank0252015-05-20

Nice design. Any problems with mosquitoes breeding in water reservoir?

Hank025 (author)Jon Traunfeld2015-05-20

I haven't had any problems yet... But I have read that people use "Mosquito Dunks" in their rain barrels, which is a veggie safe way to kill any larvae. Thank you for brining this to my attention, I will head over to a big box store and pick some up.

Also, in the picture above, I have WAY to many plants per box. This year I have a maximum of six plants per box and even that is a bit tight.

georgiana.salter (author)Hank0252014-12-26 you have written plans for this or pics? I would like to make this.

grubbworm made it! (author)2015-04-26

GREAT INSTRUCTABLE! I made this for my 94 year old father-in-law. He loves to garden but is having a hard time getting down to the ground to do his gardening. I would have these suggestions:1. Get all of your material before you cut your wood or pipe. I cut it and built it then went looking for the tubs. I ended up with tubs that were bigger and deeper so I had to trim some of the inside frame and had to make longer pieces of pipe. 2. I made 2 of the external frames and put the second one on the bottom for support. 3. I had an old grill frame laying around with wheels. (I do not throw away anything and my wife complains about that, but it worked out this time) So I added those to one end and made extend handles on the other end. Just lift and move it like a wheel barrel. 4. I put screen over the top off the pipes to keep mosquitoes from going down into the water. 5. I used a hole saw to make the hole for the piece of pipe. The pipe was 1 7/8" od and I used a 1 3/4" hole saw. This made the pipe fit nice and snug. 6. I also used 1/2" od tubing instead of the straw. I had some excess laying around from a previous project. I made it 2' long and put a zip tie on the inside to keep it from being pulled out. here is a pic of my finished project. THANKS AGAIN FOR THE INDESTRUCTIBLE.

ashwin19 (author)2015-04-19

It is indeed excellent and I would try this . But please let me know how would you ensure drainage , usually in potting soils over ti electrical conductivity increases due to increased fertiliser or sal contents . Once every couple of. Months it is recommended to leach the soil

Papiben made it! (author)2014-04-18

Great Instructables! I followed it last year, with slightly different dimensions and had plenty of tomatoes and aromatic herbs (will not grow zucchini anymore however, as they take too much space...). The watering system works perfectly and the refill can be made after 2-3 days. I'll use it this year again.

Thanks a lot for sharing, Kindlekat!

onlinegrowth (author)2014-03-30

Looks amazing. Have you modified anything to your "earthbox" setup or, are you getting the desired results. I am about to build your "table". But trying to decide the best option for the container.

achollowell (author)2012-06-16

great job this is what i was looking for for a herb garden at my home

gkaneto (author)2012-03-04

Hello, everybody!

I just wrote an instructable about self-watering (mainly for indoor plants, but will work for some outdoor setups): really self-regulating, and no powering needs.

It is here:

Hope someone find it useful.

Best wishes,

NathanWilliams (author)2011-10-08

Such an elegant design!
My mind is already turning over the idea of making a hydroponic version.

Love it!

Tushar Max (author)2011-07-11

Hello, I live in Goa, India and it's been roughly 6 months since i started growing vegetables in my backyard as well as in a strip along one side of the house. I have a large (about 600 sq ft.) lawn in the front of the house and lately i have been thinking about how it seems to be such a "waste" of water, time and energy to maintain the same. Hence my plans for slowly introducing vegetable cultivation in the same. Your instructable on self watering veggie tables/pots is clear, neatly explained and quite fantastic. I shall surely try and build one based on your instructions. I get your point about avoiding soil as a medium but i don't think we get the ready mixes that you mention. However, based on the description you have provided, about these ready mixes, i am going to try and prepare a mix using peat, coir, sand, soil, cow dung etc. keeping in mind to keep the mix light and not sticky. Since Goa has a very tropical climate, we get abundant rains for about 3 months during the monsoons. I am wondering if i shall need to make some sort of a shelter so that the tables do not get over watered? Once again, congratulations on your simple and wonderful instructable.

If you drill a hole (more than one might be a good idea) in the walls of the containers right where you want the max water level to be, the water will run out rather than build up-just like the overflow drain on a sink or bathtub.

Thank you winderwindarts for the very simple and sensible suggestion. One does tend to get "tunnel visioned" while focusing on a subject, missing out on the broader view :-)
Cheers again.

Kindlekat (author)Tushar Max2011-08-02

I actually would disagree with winterwindarts. Because of the design, when you drill a hole in the side of the containers, you are only allowing access to the soil. This will not all overflow of the water. You need a straw or small PVC pipe to go through the outside of the container, pass through the soil and connect to the water resevoir inside, if you intend to have an overflow system. My design has already included this, and in my experience, one overflow outlet is all you need. I do not think extra water would be harmful to this table, it just means you don't have to water it yourself as often!

In a much more tropical area such as you describe Tushar, I could see the advantage to having maybe 2 overflow pipes per container. Just remember that you need a straw to connect to the water reservoir inside.

Please see steps 11 and 12 in this instructable to see more detail to what I am talking about. Good luck! I look forward to hearing how your project goes!

Tushar Max (author)Kindlekat2011-08-06

Thanks Kindlekat, i see your point regarding the need to actually keep the soil from getting water logged. The additional "drain off" holes at the top would certainly help in draining off the excess water, as in a bath tub, while still leaving the soil pretty damp and perhaps soggy as well.

cbg3868 (author)2011-06-25

This is a wonderful project! Of course,, modifications can be made to suit the gardener.

anasmommy (author)2011-06-20

Great instructable. I've been looking for a solution like this as I moved the location of my homemade earthboxes and if they were a foot higher they woudl A) get more sun and B) be easier to maintain without the bending over. I thought about building something up like this but couldn't figure the best way to allow for the drainage, etc (I was going to build boxes to put the boxes in those). I'll build this in fall or winter for next spring but am very curious about the supports. I'll be watching your instructable for updates of how the boxes survived the summer, etc. With the weight I would assume some sort of bottom support is still needed. Thanks for publishing... and some great advice from comments on drains, etc too!

NaturalCrafter (author)2011-05-29

I love gardening Instructables. Yours are on my follow list. I have been collecting my rain barrel materials for awhile now and I have a barrel. Just not hooked up yet.

geartrain (author)2011-05-22

Love the project. I am in MD also, can you tell me where you got your containers? I am having trouble locating them.

Kindlekat (author)geartrain2011-05-25

They should be available at Home Depot or Lowes in the storage section. Use the pictures I provided here to find one similar if you can't find this exact brand. The important parts are that they are roughly the same size, and are a "roughneck" or similar thickness and durability. Clear plastic bins will crack and snap.

Hope that helps!

segeste (author)2011-05-15

If we have 4 lengths of 2 x 4 x 10, then there's not enough wood to make all those cuts.

(2*63) + (4*24) + (4*32.5) + (4*36) = 496" of cuts.
4 * (12 * 10) = 480" of material.

Kindlekat (author)segeste2011-05-18

Thanks for pointing this out! I was using some scrap lumber I had laying around, and I was trying to estimate how much lumber it would be if I didn't have random lengths already. I've fixed it in the list now, thanks!

Creativeman (author)2011-05-06

Wow, I'm really impressed. Everything looks so neat and clean, excellent woodworking, too. Will look forward to seeing updates, and will subscribe so I don't miss any. Thanks for sharing.

lonejack (author)2011-05-02

I made containers our of half whisky barrels that sit in notches cut in my fence. I made the water containers out of tubs exactly as you suggest, except i just drilled a hole at the top of the tub inside.
These containers have been in my fence for about 12 years now. Each spring I add some more soil to the top to replace what soil decomposed.
I have grown everything from tomatoes and squash to flowers in these containers.
I watter with a tube setup connected to a faucet. I water about every 3 days in mid-hot time.
It is official zone 8b here in the Portland, Oregon area, but effectively it is zone 9a most years. The old saying in Oregon is, " What did you do last summer?"
"I missed it, I went to the beach." We do get a lot of cloudy weather.

Gordyh (author)2011-04-28

For people in areas that freeze in the winter I'd recommend a drain in the bottom, to avoid ice damage. The home supply stores like Lowes sell trays that fit under a washing machine, next to them should be a fitting you want (PVC). It has a male thread with a nut and gasket on one end, the other end is female glue and slide in type. Measure the inside of the female end and mark the outside so you can cut of the excess( make sure you don't remove the shoulder). Then make a hole in the bottom of the tube and put the fitting in from the inside, a little caulking wouldn't hurt. Then from the outside put on the nut and gasket, you may want to make a plastic or metal washer to go between the nut and gasket. To plug the hole I use a plug from the back of a boat drain. Sense this is mounted on thin plastic I'd recommend the T handle type plug that you turn to tighten rather than the lever action type. This would also make the whole thing lighter to move if you drained the water first.

I'd also cover the white basket with window screen or a rot proof fabric, to keep your soil mix from getting into the reservoir area and displacing water.

Kindlekat (author)Gordyh2011-04-28

Great suggestion!

From my experience, I drained my water barrels but not my self-watering planters. In the D.C. area, we routinely get below 20 degrees F, which is below freezing, but not sub zero temps. Last winter my tubs did not crack and I am not sure why, but I was glad.

fotbr (author)Kindlekat2011-04-28

Because those types of containers have some ability to flex, and because nothing on top is sealing the container, the water can freeze without doing much damage. After a few years, you might need to replace the tubs (maybe -- if they're shaded from UV light they'll last much longer) but by then you'll probably have ideas on how to make it even better.

I've got a potting bench that uses the same style of tub under a slatted top, and I don't give it a second thought when winter rolls around -- it's held up fine for the last 3 midwest winters.

Gordyh (author)fotbr2011-04-28


You have had a lot better luck than I have, on the freezing and breaking issue.

But I will agree the tubs should be protected from the sun.

Gordy in MN

fotbr (author)Gordyh2011-04-29

Well, I'm also quite a bit further south than you (MO), so that might also be a part of it. We see below freezing temps for weeks at a time, but we don't see single digits for more than a night or two at a time, below zero might happen a handful of separate nights through the winter; I suspect there's a point where the plastic becomes to cold to flex. I'd guess that point is somewhere in Iowa. Probably in a cornfield :)

cindi59 (author)fotbr2011-05-01

Hey, why pick on Iowa? We do have more than cornfields! :P

matits (author)Gordyh2011-05-01

You mean there is any place North of Mexico that doesn't freeze? Where have I been all of my life. We have terribly cold wet winters that destroy and mame. We also have terribly hot and humid summers. Weird thing is, we have only a little rain in the summer. Most of the time it is super dry with deep cracks in the ground. Ambient Gulf Coast air keeps it muggy.

We are far enough north to make it not possible to grow a lot of plants because of the extreme low temps we get here. But hot enough to make it miserable.

incog neato (author)2011-04-29

You should probably consider some form of support (use plastics and allow plenty of places for the water to get through) under the inverted container. Depending on what ever material you use, take some time to carefully measure your supports so it will keep the flat area of that container from flexing to much with the weight of the soil and the plants on top of it. Also, to avoid having the soil from getting too wet (if it rains too much) you might also consider a sloping top a good height up off the plants, to divert the rain off the containers.

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Bio: I'm a kitchen designer with a background in technical theatre, and gardening is something I've become passionate about in very short amount of ... More »
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