Instructables
Picture of Sensor without IC Chip!
See how to make an LED light up in the dark - by just using an LDR and a resistor !!
NO IC chips, no arduino, no NPN or PNP transistors!

Simplest and best (free) video & circuit!
 
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Step 1: Parts & Arrangement:

Parts:

Just four parts: An LED, An LDR (Light Dependent Resistor), a resistor 100 kilo ohm and a DC battery (Any -- 3 volt, 6 volt, 9 volt or a 12 volt one)


Arrangement:

1.Just connect any leg of LDR to any leg of LED. You can increase the light sensitivity by connecting two or more LDRs "in parallel" (like i have).

2.a) For dark detecting sensor (lights up when dark):

Choose a resistor, from 10 kilo ohms to 150 kilo ohms, in decreasing order of sensitivity to light.
Connect the resistor to the positive leg of the LED and the DC battery.
Any voltage DC battery will do.

2.b) For light detecting sensor:

Connect the resistor to the negative of the LED and the DC battery.

Done !!


Advantages:

1. Simple sensor circuit - actually no circuit at all!
2. No soldering required - relief for those allergic to it ! (like me!)
3. I have just pressed the circuit between a 9 volt battery and its cap. Even the battery cap wires were not used!!

Genius! (Idea, of course!) ;-)

Rate and vote, if you liked it!
JohnL817 days ago

Even with the lowest value of 10k-ohm resistor as suggested and a 9V battery, the current supplied is less than 1mA. Should the value of the resistor be reduced so that the LED will glow at about 20mA current at night?

During daytime, the resistance of the LDR may reduce to a few k-ohm. How can it stop the LED from glowing?

pandyaketan (author)  JohnL817 days ago

Since you are not a noob, you should try a more efficient and effective versionwith a npn transistor, like other ibles in the subject, for eg:

http://www.instructables.com/id/Cute-Little-Night-...

There are also other free energy, solar versions, with pnp transistors, in case you are interested... pl search for them....

reg

CCube557 months ago

Are you actually allergic to solder? or is it the the tin or lead?

pandyaketan (author)  CCube557 months ago

Both! ;-)

Rifath7 months ago

good job

pandyaketan (author)  Rifath7 months ago

Tx, thalaiva! Anna!