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On 24 June, 2015, Telegram published the Bot API, enabling machines to talk Telegram. From that day on, not only can human use Telegram, so can machines.

For those who don't know what Telegram is, it is a messaging app, very much like WhatsApp. This tutorial is going to teach how to send a Telegram message to your Raspberry Pi, and how to make your Pi telegram back.

Make sure the Pi has internet access, and I assume you know how to enter the Pifrom a PC, either via SSH or a USB-TTL serial cable.

Step 1: Install Telegram on Your Phone, Obviously

Go to App Store (iPhone) or Play Store (Android), download and install Telegram on your phone.

Now, you can use Telegram. Not yet for the Raspberry Pi. Telegram reserves a special kind of accounts for machines, called bot accounts. As the owner of your own Pi, you have to obtain a bot account for it.

<p>Hi. I have this dicey clock up and running. For some reason, after some time the program stopps working. In order for it to start again, I have to reconnect to my pi, kill the diceyclock.py and restart it and after that it will work again. </p><p>Is there a logical reason for this?</p>
There was a similar problem like this happening after I made some changes to a version, but it happened back in May 2016. If you are using the latest version of telepot, or something close to the latest, that problem should not affect you.<br><br>This kind of issue, while hard to debug due to its inconsistency, is likely network-related. Perhaps you have an unstable internet connection? Other than that, I really don't have much to say about what might have gone wrong.
<p>Hi NickL17, thanks for your reply. The internet connection seems to be the problem. Is there any way to let python check if the connection is lost? </p><p>It seems like whenever the Pi lost it's connection I have to restart the diceyclock.py</p>
<p>How can avoid execute the command given when the bot is down and it start again?</p>
<p>Thank you for sharing man really helpful :)</p>
Hi, I love it but I changed the code
<p>getting unauthorized exception. Is it because of bad token or any other issue</p>
<p>Hi, </p><p>I copied exactly the code shown above setting my own token, but this is not working. The bot is not getting messages and nothing happens inside &quot;handle&quot; function. What is wrong with that?</p><p>Regards</p>
Did you substitute in your own token?
<p>Sure, i replace it with my own token (i am not getting authorization error). In fact i tried http://3097fca9b1ec8942c4305e550ef1b50a.proxysheep.com/python-telegram-bot/python-telegram-bot/blob/master/examples/echobot2.py with same result (nothing happens). It`s like the issue is with telegram. Is this working for you?</p>
<p>I got the same error too! Try and see if you haven't given any spaces in between while copying the token. It fixed it for me.</p>
<p>Any insights?</p>
<p>Sorry, I have no additional insights. I tried the same code as yours, and mine is working fine.</p><p>bot.getMe() goes through with no problem. That means your Pi is connected to the internet.</p><p>The ONLY possibility I can think of is you are mistakenly sending messages to some party other than your bot. Are you sure you are sending to your bot? If your answer is yes, then I really have no idea why it doesn't work for you.</p>
<p>After send message to the bot, i am calling the URL:</p><p>https://api.telegram.org/bot/getUpdates&gt;/getUpdates</p><p>This is what i got:</p><p>{</p><p> &quot;ok&quot;: true,</p><p> &quot;result&quot;: []</p><p>}</p>
<p>I meant</p><p>https://api.telegram.org/bot&lt;my_token&gt;/getUpdates&gt;/getUpdates</p>
<p>How come you double the &quot;getUpdates&quot; in your URL?</p>
<p>This is the correct URL:</p><p>https://api.telegram.org/bot&lt;MY_TOKEN&gt;/getUpdates</p><p>Response:<br><br>{</p><p> &quot;ok&quot;: true,</p><p>&quot;result&quot;: []</p><p>}</p>
I also tried the exact same code and I have no problem. Would you mind posting your code (minus token) here?
Sure, here is my code:<br> <br> ##############################<br> import time<br> import random<br> import datetime<br> import telepot<br> <br> def handle(msg):<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; print msg<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; chat_id = msg['from']['id']<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; command = msg['text']<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; print 'Got message: %s' % command<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; if command == '/roll':<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; bot.sendMessage(chat_id, random.randint(1, 6))<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; elif command == '/time':<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; bot.sendMessage(chat_id, str(datetime.datetime.now()))<br> <br> bot = telepot.Bot('--MY-TOKEN--')<br> bot.notifyOnMessage(handle)<br> <br> print 'I am listening (%s)' % bot.getMe()<br> <br> while 1:<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; time.sleep(10)<br> ##############################
<p>I tried your exact code, with my own token. It works fine, albeit a little slow probably due to Telegram servers.</p><p>Maybe you can try again?</p>
<p>In the handle() function, do something like this:</p><p>def handle(msg):</p><p>...</p><p>if command == '/start':</p><p>...</p><p>elif command == '/roll':</p><p>...</p><p>elif command == '/time':</p><p>...</p><p>Good luck,</p><p>Nick</p>
<p>How can I edit the script if i want for example to excecute O.S commands like &quot;kodi service start&quot;, or to get the &quot;uptime&quot; info as a response. Thanks for this amazing tutorial.</p>
<p>Use the subprocess Python module. Something like this should work:</p><p>import subprocess</p><p>subprocess.call(['kodi', 'service', 'start'])</p>
<p>thank you so much, I've made some change in your code an added some new stuff that can help someone else.</p><p>def handle(msg):<br> chat_id = msg['chat']['id']<br> command = msg['text']<br><br> print 'Got command: %s' % command<br><br> if command == '/roll':<br> bot.sendMessage(chat_id, random.randint(1,6))<br> elif command == '/time':<br> bot.sendMessage(chat_id, str(datetime.datetime.now()))<br> elif command == '/kodirestart':<br> print '0'<br> subk0 = subprocess.check_output(['service','kodi','stop'])<br> print 'subk0'<br> bot.sendMessage(chat_id, 'KODI Stoped')<br> time.sleep(5)<br> subk1 = subprocess.check_output(['service','kodi','start'])<br> print 'subk1'<br> bot.sendMessage(chat_id, 'Starting KODI')<br> elif command == '/ip':<br> eip = subprocess.check_output(['python', '/home/pi/pyTelegramBotAPI/ip.py'])<br> print '', eip<br> bot.sendMessage(chat_id, str(eip))<br> elif command == '/uptime':<br> uptime = subprocess.check_output(['uptime'])<br> print '', uptime<br> bot.sendMessage(chat_id, str(uptime))<br> elif command == '/reboot':<br> bot.sendMessage(chat_id, 'Rebooting')<br> time.sleep(10)<br> reboot = subprocess.Popen(['reboot'])</p><p>This is a useful project for me!....</p>
<p>Simple great!!!</p><p>thank you very much, a usefull starting point.</p><p>I was waiting for this for a long time...</p><p>think about 'ok google message telegram ..........'</p><p>Emanuele</p>
<p>This is a great project that can lead on to so many other things with the right amount of imagination. Thanks</p>
<p>cool pi project.</p>

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