Instructables

Shutdown, restart, or hibernate your computer on a schedule

Picture of Shutdown, restart, or hibernate your computer on a schedule
In this instructable, I will be showing you how to shutdown, restart, or hibernate your computer on a schedule.

See the notice at the end if you are using an older operating system than Windows XP.
 
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Step 1: Create a batch file

First, you must create a batch file (.bat) to be executed. Open notepad (all programs\ accessories). Type in exactly as I dictate:

For shutdown:

c:\windows\system32\shutdown -s -f -t 00                  (or do ...shutdown -p -f)

For restart:

c:\windows\system32\shutdown -r -t 00

For hibernate:

c:\windows\system32\shutdown /h

Save it anywhere you like as shutdown (or whichever accordingly) .bat so it would be "shutdown.bat" for example.
DO NOT save as a -.bat.txt, you are then merely saving text.

Step 2: Schedule it

In Windows Vista or 7 search "task"; Task Scheduler should be at the top of the list. Open it. Click "create basic task". Type in the name you want to call it and a description if you like. Specify when you want it to start. Specify date, time, and recurrence. Choose an action (start a program). Browse for the batch file. At the end, view over it to make sure it is exactly what you want, and click finish. At the task manager main menu, you will have to refresh the list at the bottom for your new batch file to appear (this is optional, it will take affect either way). It is best for the computer to restart to take affect.

Windows XP users and older with have a slightly different process. See next step.

Step 3: Schedule it for XP and older

Picture of Schedule it for XP and older
howto xp.JPG
sheduled tasks xp.JPG
dailyxp.JPG
select programxp.JPG
daily specificxp.JPG
userpassxp.JPG
finishxp.JPG

For computers running XP and older, follow these steps. First, open Scheduled Tasks (all programs\accessories\system tools\scheduled tasks). Add Scheduled Task; a wizard comes up. Select the batch file. Choose the conditions under which this task will perform. Give specific date, time, and recurrence. If you use a password enter it. Finish it.

sharonkies3 months ago

ALT+F4 always works, it is faster. But you should use the combinations
when you are on desktop screen. Auto shutdown timer for windows is also a
good option. http://www.apowersoft.com/windows-shutdown-assistant.html

WOKANDWAL1 year ago
When making it shutdown, etc. Why not just do the following?

start shutdown.exe

IT ACTUALLY WORKS
DeanGPotts3 years ago
Hi i have a similar instructable and i use the path %windir%\System32\
which windows should recognise on virtually all versions of windows.

Hope this helps :)

nehav4 years ago
where to put our mobile number from which we are sending shutdown command
chosenone35 years ago
Good tutorial ,but windows folder may be on other drive like "D:" :]
gamerguy13 (author)  chosenone35 years ago
The windows folder is on the drive that the OS is on. If your OS is on the D drive, the filepath would be:

d:\windows\system32\shutdown...
I know but i think there is a way to shutdown a pc using other method (that doesn't need to have path specified)
A program does not have to have a path specified, as long as it resides in one or more of the directories listed in the %path% variable. To see the path, open command prompt and type echo %path%.
gamerguy13 (author)  Padlock5 years ago
Doing that with shutdown.exe automatically make it perform an immediate shutdown. It may not always be what someone wants though.
I'm assuming you had meant to reply to my other comment. This is false. With the "/t xxx" switch you can delay it as long asdesired. It is exactly the same as referring to it inside of a batch file.
gamerguy13 (author)  chosenone35 years ago
Command prompt does not require typing the entire filepath.
Padlock5 years ago
Hmm. You're creating a batch file to run a single command. Unnecessary?

Next time, just try scheduling the task to run shutdown.exe. And the /h (hibernate) switch for shutdown.exe is only compatible with Vista, and maybe Windows 7. Unsure about the latter though.

gamerguy13 (author)  Padlock5 years ago
Simply running shutdown.exe does not work if you have tried it.
Uh, it has to work. A batch file is literally a set of programs with specific parameters to run. You are most likely running it without parameters. In the task scheduler, set it up to run shutdown.exe directly; not the batch file. Where it says "Add Arguments" try "/s /t 30" or another parameter; it should work. It has to work.

Shutdown.JPG
gamerguy13 (author)  Padlock5 years ago
A bonus to batch files are that they can run outside a schedule actually in Windows, though I am not sure what for exactly.
I am not sure what you are trying to communicate.

A batch file is a list of programs located within the path. A batch filewith a single command is useless because you can simply refer to thecommand directly. Anything you can do with that batch file, you can do without.
gamerguy13 (author)  Padlock5 years ago
Then that is another way to do it.
lemonie5 years ago
A lot of tasks that will run while you're in bed have the shutdown option: what are you running on this?
(interested)

L
gamerguy13 (author)  lemonie5 years ago
?
Why do you use this or what for?

L
gamerguy13 (author)  lemonie5 years ago
It could be used for a server. I currently have no use for it but I thought I would just share some knowledge.
OK.

L
uthus5 years ago
For Linux just edit your cron file:

# To restart daily at say 4 AM:
0 4 * * * reboot  # (or shutdown -r)

# To restart the first day of the month at 4 AM:
0 4 1 * * reboot

# To restart to shutdown at 12:01 AM on New Year's Day:
1 0 1 1 * shutdown

# To restart Monday at 6 AM to be ready for the upcoming workweek:
0 6 * * 1 reboot

# Columns are:
# 1 minutes
# 2 hours
# 3 day of month
# 4 month
# 5 day of week

# for more information `man 5 crontab'

Check this script for hibernating or suspending:
http://www.linux.com/news/hardware/laptops/8253-how-to-suspend-and-hibernate-a-laptop-under-linux