Introduction: Simple Audio Amplifier With LM386

Picture of Simple Audio Amplifier With LM386

The LM386 is quite a versatile chip. Only a couple resistors and capacitors are needed to make a simple audio amplifier. The chip has functions for gain control and bass boost, and it can also be turned into an oscillator capable of outputting sine waves or square waves.

The LM386 is a type of operational amplifier (Op-Amp). Operational amplifiers have a basic task. They take an input potential (voltage) and produce an output potential that is tens, hundreds, or thousands of times the magnitude of the input potential. In this circuit, the LM386 takes an audio input signal and increases its potential anywhere from 20 to 200 times. That amplification is what is known as the voltage gain.

Step 1: Components Required

Power supply(9v)

resistor - 10 ohm

capacitors - 0.1uf , 1000uf

LM386 IC

Potentiometer (variable resistor) -10k ohm

Speaker

Breadboard

Battery snap

Step 2: Circuit

Picture of Circuit

Step 3: Implementation

Place LM386 ic on breadboard .

Connect battery snap to bread board.

Connect pin2 and pin4 of lm386 to ground

Connect a 10ohm resistor to pin5.

Connect another terminal of 10ohm resistor to 0.1uf capacitor and another terminal of 0.1uf capacitor to +ve terminal of 9v battery.

Connect +ve terminal of 1000uf capactor in between 10ohm resistor and 0.1uf capacitor.

Place potentiometer on bread board.

connect pin3 of lm386 to middile pin of potentiometer.

connect third terminal of potentiometre to ground.

Now connect 3.5mm audio jack L/R pin to first pin of potentiometer.

Ground terminal of 3.5mm jack to circuit ground.

connect +ve termnal of speaker to -ve terminal of 1000uf capacitor and -ve terminal of speaker to ground.

short pin1 and pin8 of lm386.

connect pin6 of lm386 to +ve terminal of the battery.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

For more info about circuit you can go through the video below.

Step 4: Datasheet

Step 5: Circuit Demonstration and Testing

Comments

00flash00 (author)2016-12-14

hey can you post a video for recognising the ground and input terminals of a headphone jack of a trrs audio plug and how to solder them together please???

TheElectroSTUD made it! (author)00flash002017-06-08

Hello, i couldn't make a video but here you go:

TRRS connectors have an extra pin ( the 3rd pin - THE 2nd RING) which is for 5 volts, for the microphone... So you don't have to worry about that pin, all you need are the ground and either of the two ( LEFT AND RIGHT SIGNAL ) as this is a mono amplifier.

1st pin : Left

2nd pin: Right

3rd pin: +5v

4th pin : Ground
I hope it was helpful :D Checkout this instructable for more details : https://www.instructables.com/id/PAM8403-6W-STERE...

elvisecrevisse (author)2016-11-15

Hi Junez, good work, but i had a question. I've seen many LM386 amps using a 220uF cap,instead of the 1000uf you've got on your schematic. What difference does it make ? More bass ? More power ? Thanks for answering.

timkulig1 (author)2016-08-15

can I use a jrc 386d instead of lm386

JunezRiyaz (author)timkulig12016-08-15

Yes, you can use it..

About This Instructable

4,218views

45favorites

License:

Bio: HI! I am Junez Riyaz, currently doing Bachelor of Technology in the field of Electronics and Communication Engineering. I am much interested in inventing something ... More »
More by JunezRiyaz:How to Make a Home Theater With Reclaimed SpeakersHow to connect I2C Lcd Display to Arduino UnoHow to Make Simple Flyback Driver
Add instructable to: