Simple (Deluxe!) Sonotube Food Dehydrator

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Introduction: Simple (Deluxe!) Sonotube Food Dehydrator

About: former musician. I have made kites, music instruments, electronic doodads, pitching machines, stomp rockets, water rockets, windless windchimes, circuit bent toys, animatronics, clock escapements, CNC router...

I have always wanted to make a REAL food dehydrator, but all the plans I have found always start out "make a box..." That lets me out! I don't have the patience to make a box, let alone the skills to make it square, then add racks (also square!!) so I came up with a super easy way to make a container that looks like the commercial dehydrators using stacking trays in a cylindrical shape. It took me less than an hour and cost about 20 dollars. I could have scavenged and cut that in half, as I am sure many of you readers can. Read on!

Step 1: Things You Will Need

This design is so easy to make, all you need is a cylindrical tube, sold as a concrete form at the hardware store for around 5 dollars. They come in different diameters, I chose 30 cm. You will need some mosquito net, a zip knife to make the racks, and a staple gun to fix the net to the tube sections. For the drying unit I used an old heater made for warming up the car interior. Don't really know what you would call that in the US, since I grew up in Texas, and the last thing we would ever invent is a way to warm up the car interior! But here in Sweden it is common to own 2 of the things... Mine has variable heat settings, from 500 W to 2000 W and is built for 100% duty cycle, or constant running without overheating. (I paid 5 dollars at a local auction) I fould a small electric space heater online for about 15 dollars that would work. Add an oven thermometer and we're in business.

Step 2: Handy Tip

Use a zip knife, or box cutting knife to cut the tube into sections. Before cutting, draw a line lenghtwise along the entire tube. This will make it easy to stack the baskets so they fit perfectly and won't leak warm air. I also marked each basket with THIS SIDE UP and numbered them to ease in assembly. The base section is about six inches (15 cm) tall, and each stacking section is 2 inches (5 cm).

Step 3: How to Use a Zip Knife

When cutting cardboard (thick or thin) with a zip knife or an exacto knife, it will cut like butter if you tilt the blade in relation to the object being cut. In other words, don't stick the blade straight in and push, tilt the entire knife and saw in short strokes. In thin cardboard you can cut fantastic curves and shapes like this, but the tube I used is about 3/8 inches thick, so it was a more difficult job. Still, I cut 5 slices off the tube in about 15 minutes. Draw a guideline around the tube to follow when you cut. (You don't really need detailed instructions for that, do you?) The baskets don't need to be exactly straight, since the knife doesn't make any kerf, they will stack without any gaps between them.

Step 4: Attatching Netting

Cut out mosquito netting to fit the baskets. Cut the net slightly larger than the baskets, so we can staple it onto the tube. Stretch the netting slightly and staple it all the way around the tube.

Step 5: In With the Good Air, Out With the Bad!

I added a top to my dehydrator that included a flange to attatch the ventilation hose off my electric clothes drier in the basement. That lets me send the air from the dehydrator out through the vent in the wall. You can do this or just leave a hole in the top for the air to circulate. Your room will be MUCH warmer that way, but it smells good!

Step 6: One Last Step

I made an opening in the base for the heater, (shown in this step) being careful not to cover the fan intake. And That's IT!

Step 7: Thar She Blows!

I filled up the baskets with pears sliced on my old fashioned apple corer-peeler-slicer http://www.applesource.com/peeler.html (love that thing) and gave her a go. My oven thermometer showed 50 C after about 5 minutes. I wanted a little bit warmer, so I plugged the space under the heater with some dense foam rubber and the temp rose to 65 C in no time at all, that's about 150 F. Three hours later I had dried fruit!

I still have half of the tube left! I think I can cut some holes in the side of the tube, insert wooden sticks through the holes and use it for drying jerky. Hang the meat on the sticks and let 'er rip. Maybe a drip pan or something to keep the heater clean? Enjoy!

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    44 Comments

    Thanks os much for your time & effort on this instructable!

    Real "kick-ass" dryer, think I'll try it . You could use two large tubes the outside one to cover the shelves, keep more heat in and make it look a bit prettier? anyway really great, nice and easy too which make all the difference!

    When you dry meat like that it's called biltong South African tradition.
    Don't rli know y im telin yall this cos im vegetarien! anyways planing 2 make my own dehydrator soon for fruit. Probably will use the box and lightbulb method! :-) anyways nice tutorial dude

    Wow that is an amazing project. I really want to try this one! Hopefully I can find the parts this weekend, I am ready to start drying some food!
    food dehydrator reviews

    This is an interesting idea but I fear not really practical or safe for many of reasons given above by others. Drying too quickly is as bad as drying to slowly. The cardboard tube WILL absorb and be a breading ground for bugs which could kill the young, elderly or vulnerable.
    My biggest concern about this design is the high risk of fire. Unless this is supervised and never left un attended then there is a significant risk here. I am currently building and writing my instructions for what I believe will be a safe and efficient dehydrator.

    1 reply

    Constructive thoughts, and I thank you for sharing them. Drying too quickly? I have never come across any warnings about that. As far as any ill effects, I have used it for a number of years to dry mushrooms without any signs of detrimental effects at all. Use this at your own risk, but I say all fears are unconfirmed in practice. Danger of fire cannot be denied. I use a thermometer and keep the device under constant watch. I never allow the temperature to exceed 60 deg C. The cardboard shows no signs of becoming damp, nor are there any signs of moulds or other damages.

    Again, thanks for your comments. I look forward to seeing your design with improvements.

    could you make home made popcorn
    corn + dehidration = popcorn seed + heat = home made popcorn?

    8 replies

    Popcorn's a specific variety of corn. Also, it has to dry on the cob first, or else you destory the shell which makes the popping possible. So, no. :( But lots of things you CAN make - jerky, fruit leather, apple bits for your oatmeal, instant soup... Seriously! Dry some broth / soup (with very small bits of veggies or meat, if any, and no pasta) in shallow bowls, plates, what have you. When it's very dry, crumble it up, put in a jar, and refrigerate. There are still fats in there which could go rancid. Just add water later... I use beef broth, beef jerky, dried tomatoes, potatoes, parsley, and pasta (from the store). Pretty good stuff!

    Have you carried 5 days worth of canned soup into the woods for backpacking? HEAVY! :) Dehydrated soup is LOTS lighter.

    Yes I can imagine...I try to stay out of the woods...That's where the bears are. =:]

    aaaw cute bear aaaaa bear dont eat me aaa......(dead)

    what exactly does this do? sry for the stupid question

    1 reply

    it takes the moisture out of food so it lasts longer and doesn't need to be refrigerated. some examples are beef jerky, raisins, ect.

    I kind of wonder about what kind of glue they used to make that sonitube and if it has any tendency to outgas when subjected to the heat of the dehydrating process and if there is outgassing...what effect there is on the food.

    Great instructable! I've been trying to find a way to build a dehydrator and this is perfect for my needs - clear, concise, and well-executed. Good job and thanks for the tips :]

    this is one of the most cleverly simple things I have ever seen built on Instructables! Great job! I'm going right out tomorrow and getting a concrete form tube!