This is a very quick and easy Arduino project, great for beginners! This instructable will show you how to make a simple visual thermometer by using several leds and a temperature sensor, connected to an Arduino. You will need
Arduino Uno R3 X 1
Leds of various colors X 5
male to male jumper wires X 10
330 ohm resistors X 5
Temperature Sensor X 1
Step 1: Add the Components to the Breadboard
The first thing to do is to connect all of the leds, resistors and the sensor to the breadboard. For the leds, the short leg is negative and the long leg is positive. Using a jumper wire, connect the long leg of each led to pins 8-12 on the Arduino (led 1 to pin 8, led 2 to pin 9 and so forth). Next place a resistor next to each led connecting one leg of the resistor to the short leg of the led and the other leg of the resistor to the negative rail on the breadboard.
Now it's time to add the temperature sensor! Connect the temperature sensor to the breadboard anywhere above or below the line of leds (you could put it anywhere, but this makes it easier). Using three more jumper wires, connect the top pin of the sensor to the negative rail. Connect the middle pin of the sensor to pin A0 on the Arduino. Finally, connect the bottom pin of the sensor to the positive rail of the breadboard. Now simply connect another jumper wire from the positive rail of the breadboard to the 5v pin on Arduino. Connect the negative rail to the ground pin on the Arduino.
That's it, now to add the programming!
Step 2: Program, Test and Enjoy!
I am including my program here. I have simple conditions to turn on each led in turn as as the temperature goes up. So if it's between 55 and 65, just the bottom led is lit. Once it goes above 65, the bottom 2 leds are lit and so on up to 80+ degrees. The code also prints the temp in degrees C and degrees F to the serial monitor which you can open in the Arduino IDE under tools, Serial Monitor.
You could easily tweak this to make it more detailed by adding more leds, or having it turn a servo to adjust something when it gets above a certain temperature for example.
Hopefully, this was an interesting starter project for you! Let me know what you think, suggestions, ideas to expand on this, problems etc in the comments below!