Instructables
Picture of Simple Servo Tester
SSTschematic.png
A little bigger than a postage stamp, the Simple Servo Tester lets you control two digital or analog servos without using a transmitter or receiver, just plug in your battery pack to start testing.

Use it to check your servos before installing them into your models or to center your servos when setting up linkages. The Simple Servo Tester can also be tuned to precisely center your servos - Some manufactures consider 1.520 milliseconds to be center while others use 1.500 milliseconds.

Use it anytime you want to operate a servo but don't want to get out your RC equipment!

This project was designed by W9GFO. You can get the kit from Gadget Gangster and download a PDF version of this howto.

Warm up your soldering iron and get started!
 
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Step 1: Make: Parts List

Picture of Make: Parts List
Check to make sure you have the following parts:

Parts list

  • Potentiometer Knob
  • Green LED
  • NPN Transistor
  • Right angle pin header (9 pins)
  • 555 Timer Chip
  • 20k Right Angle Potentiometer
  • Trim pot
  • 2x Capacitors (0.1 uF)
  • Rectifier
  • Custom PCB
  • 220k ohm resistor (Red-Red-Yellow)
  • 3x 10k ohm resistor (Brown-Black-Orange)

Step 2: Make: Potentiometer Knob

Picture of Make: Potentiometer Knob
Let's start easy, just press the knob onto the Potentiometer. Note that the the potentiometer shaft is shaped like a 'D', so the knob won't slip when you turn it.

Step 4: Make: Prepping the Caps & Resistors

Picture of Make: Prepping the Caps & Resistors
Bend the leads by holding onto the component with one hand and fold the leads together with your fingers.

Step 6: Make: Start Soldering

Picture of Make: Start Soldering
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I like to hold all the components in place with some tape, then flip over the board and start soldering.

After soldering, snip the leads.
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tisaconundrum made it!6 months ago

Sorta made it :D LOL

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tisaconundrum6 months ago

The construction of the board itself is very confusing, I don't understand fully how it's being wired. But here's my attempt at the GG PCB board. This is what I was able to put together. I sort of feel like it shouldn't be this complicated.

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W9GFO5 years ago
(removed by author or community request)
W9GFO W9GFO5 years ago
(removed by author or community request)
W9GFO W9GFO5 years ago
(removed by author or community request)
W9GFO W9GFO3 years ago
Here is an updated schematic. The old one did not show that pins 2 and 6 were connected.

Thanks to Dustin for pointing out the omission.
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(removed by author or community request)
 Because it's flipped around the wrong way in the drawing! Good catch, I'll fix it.

Rich H
macman8084 years ago
what voltage is that battery?
Most likely 4.8 volts.
BOOJAN5 years ago
nooo...you are making a huge mistake. First resistors, jumpers and other small components, after that capacitators, diodes, IC's and finally potentiometers goes last. If you place the IC first you are risking to burn it while you are soldering other components.
W9GFO BOOJAN5 years ago
Huge mistake?  I think that is a slight exaggeration.

I'll agree that it is good practice to save the chips until the end but for this board there are so few components that it really makes no difference. I also usually like to start with the lowest height components first, but again, this board is small enough that it is easier to just start in the middle and work outwards.

However, for anyone concerned about burning up the 555 chip, go ahead and put it in last, there is no reason why that wouldn't work just as well.

Rich H
BOOJAN W9GFO5 years ago
i exaggerate a little bit with that huge mistake, i was sleepy then and i've didnt know what i was writing, and i agree with what you are saying, first place the lowest height components, and then go bigger and bigger
Unit042 BOOJAN4 years ago
This is a nice project, but the schematic is quite confusing, perhaps you could add another schematic where the components are not all over the place? I mean, I don't intend to insult your efforts, it's just hard to read what with all of the 90 degree angle wire web....

Anyway, I just solder on an IC socket first, then transistors, because they have pins so close together. It's hard to solder around a tone of resistors, capacitors, etc, as my soldering iron tip is not quite what it sould be. (it hits other stuff because of its thickness, very annoying)

Just a thought.....
Or ypu could do what I do. Randomly grab something, solder it in, repeat.
yup...my classmates are doing that...and they usually end up with burned ICs, a big smoke of capacitator, if it is a smaller value it will end up with huge BANG, burned transistors...etc...
Sandisk1duo5 years ago
how about a servo tester for 4-5 wire servos?
Need video

edfarina5 years ago
I modified the circuit to use batteries LiPo 2S or 3S, including a 4910 regulator taken fron an ESC burned.
W9GFO edfarina5 years ago
The 555 chip used in the kit is rated for up to 16 volts. I have used it with a 2S LiPo but have not tested it with a 3s LiPo.  The thing to watch out for is the voltage going to your servos. Very few servos are designed to work on more than 6 volts.

In other words, the tester itself wouldn't need the regulator but the servos might. If you power the servo tester with a battery that is a higher voltage than your servos are rated for, you run the risk of damaging your servos.

Rich H
edfarina W9GFO5 years ago
 Exactly, Rich, use small servos that work with no more than 6 volts.
In 4910, I guarantee 5 volts to the servos.
BlueFusion5 years ago
Would anybody be interested if I made a board available, either as gerbers, or to purchase (at cost price naturally)?
paulm5 years ago
 Ok, wait a second here:

if they don't provide the "Custom PCB" information so we can etch one ourselves, this is just an advertizement

and its featured?

what the hell
W9GFO paulm5 years ago
You can use the schematic and lay out your own PCB if you want.

Rich H
kelseymh5 years ago
While I understand that the PCB layout/silkscreen is GG's intellectual property, would you consider making the circuit schematic available? That would allow hardcore electronics types to do their own (presumably different) board layout, or breadboard it, or whatever.
T2Pogi kelseymh5 years ago
Kelseymh, check this out. this is the basic 555 design that will work the same way. Cut in a potentiometer between R2 and the capacitor C1 to make the timing variable.

http://www.ecelab.com/circuit-astable-555.htm
Thanks for this link! Another awesome schematic/explanation site added to my bookmarks. :)
Gadget Gangster (author)  T2Pogi5 years ago
That's the basic circuit - there are a few little things added there (like the polarity LED), but nothing crazy.
Gadget Gangster (author)  kelseymh5 years ago
It's actually owned by W9GFO. I'm not sure if he has anything in a share-able format, but I'll ask him. It's a really cool circuit and a cool use off a 555 timer!
danlab5 years ago
Does radio shack stock 555 chips? My normal electronics shop doesn't seem to have them.
danlab danlab5 years ago
Or should I just order them online?
Gadget Gangster (author)  danlab5 years ago
Really? I'm surprised that your electronics shop doesn't have 555's, they're really common. Try asking for a TLC555.
Ok i'll have to try that, is it an online only thing from radio shack?
danlab danlab5 years ago
So I checked the other radio shack (the one that is actually closer to my house) and they had several of them. Thanks for the input.
danlab danlab5 years ago
I asked one of the managers at the other electronics store and they hadsomeone come in and buy out their whole stock.
crapflinger5 years ago
a little blurb about how it does what it does for us Luddites would be neat as well (surely couldn't be hard)

i have NO idea why i never thought of the painter's tape idea when soldering junk onto something like this (again...me=electronics N00B10)...that's such a simple idea
Gadget Gangster (author)  crapflinger5 years ago
That tape is a super good idea. Servos are the little motors in R/C models and robotics projects (and a bunch of other things). You can use the Servo tester to make sure your servo is working correctly. By turning the knob, you can turn the servo.
I think "crapflinger" is asking for a beginners-level theory-of-operation. The pot changes the timing which drives the servo yada yada yada.
indeed, i know what servos etc are...i've done a lot of RC in my time...just wondering what the 555 is for and how the pots modify what it does etc..
the 555 IC is wired as an oscillator. the pot determines the pulse width of the output (pin 3) any where from 1.5 ms to about 2.5mseconds (?) ; this pulse widh determines which way the servo motor will turn (left or right) and how much it will turn. the potentiometer works w the timing capacitor and the 555 functions as an astable multivibrator.
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