Introduction: Simple Solar Powered USB Charger and Speakers
Before making this, I figured out what people (9+ years) use a lot nowadays and I came up with: cell phones and mp3 players.
A lot of people waste energy using these two items by buying the speaker systems for their mp3 players and charger their phones. Both uses usually end up with leaving the charger or system plugged into the wall, which is a big big waste of electricity.
So I developed a simple, green and cheap solution that everyone can do. This whole instructable can be made with recycled materials around the house, as long as you keep broken stuff like I do. If you don't that's totally okay, but you will have to order/go out to buy a few things.
Depending on your experience, it should take about 1.5hours for full assembly.
The black charger below is one that I made for me. I like the color black and I designed it based on what I like. I think that it's better to design something that you like and that you can put in you're own creative input into. So, I'm going to show you the basics on how to build one and I'm going to leave it up to you on how it looks. Have fun with it.
By following this instructable step by step you will have charger that looks like the white one pictured below
Step 1: Tools and Materials
Multimeter (not shown)
Crazy Glue (not shown)
5 Volt Regulator
4 AA Rechargeable batteries
4 AA battery pack holder
1 An iPod box
1 Speaker (not too big, it needs to fit in the box along with other materials)
2 Solar powered outside lights
1 USB plug (female)
1 set of old head phones
You can buy these all brand new if you'd like. I used all recycled materials for the black one pictured on the intro page. This white one is almost all recycled except for the USB cord.
If you'd like to find these parts around the house here are some places to look:
An iPod box - this doesn't need to be an iPod box, it could be anything you want, as long as everything fits. Have fun with this, it's for you so make the box something you like.
Volt Regulator - I found mine in a broken laptop. Most electronics have volt regulators, you can see what kind of regular it is by typing the number on it and google searching it. It does take time to find, if patience isn't your thing, you can probably pick one up at Radioshack for $2.
AA Rechargeable batteries/Solar powered outside lights - These were gotten together and considered recycled because they were broken (not the solar cell, but the light were broken from their base)
AA battery pack holder - These are found in a lot of toys. Mine was taken from a remote controlled car.
Speaker - I got mine out of a broken printer. You can also use the ones from those singing cards or a broken laptop.
USB plug (female) - this is really hard to find, but they can be found an pulled out of laptops.
head phones - I used a set of headphones that busted on one side.
Step 2: Soldering Info
If you know how to solder, skip this step and carry on.
Step 3: Speaker Setup
Take the headphones and cut of the ear buds.
Strip about 1inch of the headphones so that you can see the wires.
You're going to see that the wires are intertwined with some fiber.
(see second image below)
Use your soldering iron to melt the fiber
If you don't do this the speakers will not work!
My speaker doesn't have anywires, if your does that's fine leave them on (it'll be easier to check if the speaker it working).
Plug the headphones into your iPod or mp3. Place one headphone wire to each wire/prog on your speaker and make sure that everything is working okay. If you have wires on your speaker, twist the speaker and headphone wires together. Do this for bothsides.
Once you check that everything's working, solder the wires together; this will help connect the headphones to the speaker and prevent them from separating during travel.
Use the electrical tape to cover up the each of the exposed wires.
Now the speaker part is complete.
Step 4: Solar Panel/battery Assembly
Use the screwdriver to take the outside lights apart.
Cut out the solar panels; make sure keep the wires to the panels. You also want the wires to be as long as possible.
Strip off about 1inch of each of the wires (all four) and twist the positive wire (white or red) of one panel to the negative wire (black) together. Solder them together, this helps to keep the connection between the wires. If you have confidence in your soldering abilities and are sure that the wires are not bad, you can tape them up as seen in the second image below.
Strip off about 1inch of the both wires from the battery pack. Twist together the positive wire of the SOLAR PANEL and the negative end of the BATTERY PACK. Solder them together. Once again, if you're confident in your soldering abilities and are sure that the wires are not bad, you can tape them up as seen in the third image below.
Place this aside, it will be used again soon.
Step 5: USB Cord
Okay, the USB cord/piece is the most important part.
If you only have the single piece found in laptops:
I apologize for not having any images so I will explain as best as possible.
Place the piece so the prongs are on the left and the opening is on the right.
The prong that is furthest away from you is the positive prong and the prong closest to you is the negative one. The two prongs in between are for data and are not going to be used.
*You might want to consider soldering on some wires; it will make the next step easier for you*
If you have a cord:
- Cut the wire leaving yourself about three inches.
- Strip about 1.5inches of the outerwire covering to expose the smaller wires.
You will find multiple wires inside; only two are important: the black and the red. See image below.
You can cut the other wires if you'd like.
- Strip an inch off the black and red wire.
These wires are small and stripping them is hard, but that's why I said to leave three inches when you initially cut the wire. There's always some room for error. :-)
Step 6: Wiring It All Together
You will see in the pictures that I taped up some wires. Do not do this yet. You have to make sure that you have the correct voltage running through the circuit first.
Turn the 5V regulator upside down and bend the side prongs out slightly (you can see how much in the image below). Be careful when you do this, if you bend them too much or bend them back and forth too much you will break the prongs and have to go get a new one.
I think the best way to solder the wires on is by getting solder on the 5V regulator and the wire separately and then melting the solder on both together.
The first thing that needs to be soldered on is the positive wire from the battery to the "in" prong on the regulator. (See first image below)
Next solder the positive wire to the remaining outer prong (the "out" prong).
Solder the negative wire to the middle prong of the 5V regulator.
(See second image)
Finally, solder the negative wire from the solar panels to the middle prong of the 5V regulator.
(See third image)
Adding this wire to the middle prong completes the circuit and now as long as the next step runs smoothly all the electrical stuff it done. :-)
Step 7: Checking the Voltage
If you don't know how to use a multimeter, here is a link to a video that can show you how.
Here are important spots to check:
- Across the USB cord (this should read 5V) <-this is the most important one
- Across the batteries (this should read about 6V, it may read more, it's okay, that's what the volt regulator is for)
- Across the solar panels.
If no voltage is detected:
- A wire might be bad, move it around if voltage shows up for a second then goes away, it's a bad wire and you'll need to replace it by taking out the old one and soldering a new one.
- A connection may have come lose.
After you make sure that the voltage across the USB cord is 5V, you can now tape up any exposed wires.
- The solar panel to solar panel connection
- The solar panel to battery connection
- Each prong on the regulator
Also, I think it's beneficial to tape the solar panels as seen in the image below.
Step 8: Box Assembly
The last step, yay!!!
Start with tracing a hole in the box for your speaker. Don't trace the speaker, you need the hole smaller than the speaker so that you can glue and tape it in.
Cut out the hole. Make a ring around the speaker with crazy glue and glue it as centered as possible on the hole. Apply pressure for about 30sec then tape the outside of the speaker to the box for extra support.
Next, cut a slit in the box as seen in the third picture. This slit made so you can place the solar panels on the outside of the box and slide the wires through the slit so that they can be on the inside.
Once the wires are in tape the slit shut and glue/tape the batteries down. (See image four)
Glue and tape the panels down to the front of the box.
Plug in your mp3 player all in and you're ready to go!!!
(see image 5)
Two things you should know:
- You can use this to charge your cell phone too!
- Some iPods don't show that they're charging like you'd normally see it when it's plugged into a regular charger. Don't worry, as long as the voltage is consistently 5V, it should be charging. Some iPods will have their backlight turn on when it is unplugged from the charger and some will charge normally. iPods are really stubborn.
Enjoy! I really hope you can make yours completely with recycled parts and that you get creative with the box. It's always 100% better if it, in a way, represents who you are and what you like.